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oxidation reaction

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article describes the allotropic modification and atmospheric corrosion of pure tin. Corrosion of pure tin due to oxidation reaction, and reaction with the other gases, water, acids, bases, and other liquid media, is discussed. The article provides information on corrosion...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... alloys magnesium alloys nonferrous alloys phase diagram steels thermochemical reaction rates cast metal INCLUSIONS can be defined as nonmetallic and sometimes intermetallic phases embedded in a metallic matrix. They are usually simple oxides, sulfides, nitrides, or their complexes in ferrous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... The resulting catalyst is collected by filtration. Metal oxides supported on zeolites, such as CuO/ZSM-5, can be prepared using this method. Some catalytic reactions are conducted under conditions in which only the exterior of the catalyst particle contains the active component. Thus, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... control and supply atmosphere control. The two basic types of atmospheric supply systems are generated atmospheres and nitrogen-base atmospheres. The article provides a brief overview of the gas reactions associated with oxidation and carbon control to ensure either carburization, or to prevent...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... catalyzed by heavy metals, such as copper, which undergo a reduction-oxidation reaction in the presence of oxygen. The rate of these degradation reactions may be followed by measuring molecular weight through gel permeation chromatography or viscometry, measuring oxygen uptake, and monitoring the rate of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... desorption was used in studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison to investigate the chemistry that occurs between lubricants and surfaces in tribological contacts ( Ref 40 – 42 ). The studies investigated phosphorus-containing compounds to understand the reactions of ZDDP with oxidized iron surfaces...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Cu + H 2 O = Cu 2 O + 2 H _ (Eq 28) H 2 O = 2 H _ + O _ Reactions given in Eq 27 and 28 are favored by copper with low oxygen contents. If there are high concentrations of alloying elements with more stable oxides than cuprous oxide, such as tin...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., local anodic (active) and cathodic (noble) sites develop on the surface of the metal, and corrosion (oxidation) occurs at the anodic sites: Fe 0 → Fe 2+ + 2e − . At the cathodic sites, a reduction reaction occurs which, depending on the pH of the environment, can be hydrogen evolution (2H + + 2e...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... applications of adhesive bonding. It discusses the types of adhesives, namely, epoxy adhesives, epoxy-phenolic adhesives, condensation-reaction PI adhesives, addition-reaction PI adhesives, bismaleimide adhesives, and structural adhesives. The article provides information on fastener selection considerations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... groups, commonly ethylenic carbon double bonds (-C=C-). The auto-oxidation reaction is the insertion of a molecule of oxygen into a C-H bond of a hydrocarbon chain to give an alkyl hydroperoxide. It is a decomposition reaction that occurs at a relatively fast rate shortly after application of the wet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... parameter, such as shear modulus, bonding energy, and transformations, for prediction of interface structures. It provides information on the application of the atomistic modeling of interface structure to predict interface reaction mechanisms. localization parameter interface structures interface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the solution is most commonly probed by an acid/base titration. See the section “Titrimetry” in this article for a discussion about titrations. For analytes that can change oxidation states, analysis by oxidation-reduction reactions (more commonly referred to as redox reactions) is a useful...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., discontinuously reinforced composites and continuous-fiber-reinforced composites. Processing methods include cold pressing, sintering, hot pressing, reaction bonding, melt infiltration, directed metal oxidation, sol-gel and polymer pyrolysis, self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and joining. A table...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... nitrogen availability (atmosphere control). Oxynitriding is a nitriding process with he addition of an oxidizing gas, typically air or water, to enhance the nitriding reaction, especially for chromium-containing steels. According to Spies and Vogt ( Ref 13 ), applying a high nitriding potential and an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... is, each of these alloys has a high free energy driving oxidation of the metal components and each would corrode at extremely high rates if the oxide film were not present to limit specific steps in the corrosion reaction ( Ref 15 , 16 ). However, the oxide films that form act to limit access of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...: electroless and displacement. The electroless or autocatalytic process uses reducing agents to convert the metal from its metal salt. Displacement reactions use oxidation and reduction of the base metal to deposit a thin coating of metal. The advantage of using nonelectrolytic alloy coating systems over...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... necessary to produce the coating on the substrate. The numerous chemical reactions used in CVD include thermal decomposition (pyrolysis), reduction, hydrolysis, disproportionation, oxidation, carburization, and nitridation. These reactions take place singly or in combination and are controlled by...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... particularly important, especially in ductile iron foundries. Coke comprises between 8 and 16% of the weight of the metallic charge. Fluxes are added to fluidize the oxide slags that form on the surface of the metal from reactions taking place during melting. Limestone (96% CaCO 3 ) or dolomite (96% MgCO 3...