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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... design factors, and techniques to produce aerodynamic surfaces, improve surface smoothness, and avoid slipping and bridging of filament. The article discusses tooling and the equipment used in the filament winding process, namely, mandrel design, winding machines, tensioners, and ovens. curing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., instructions, and materials for repair. It describes various paint-removal methods for composites. The article concludes with a discussion on various curing equipment, namely, portable repair systems, vacuum bags, and ovens and autoclaves. autoclaves composite repair ovens quality control repair...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article is dedicated to gas chromatography (GC), covering the chromatographic method and primary components of a modern GC apparatus. The components include the carrier gas cylinder, flow controller and pressure regulator, sample inlet and injection port, column oven, and detector...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... effectively and prevent centrifugal force from throwing the material to the bottom of the mold. Fig. 1 Typical rotational molding process During the second stage, the material is normally heated by placing the rotating mold in an oven, although it could instead be heated by a direct flame...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...)  Spray gun Hand operated Hand operated  Paint supply tank (with agitation) 95 L (25 gal), pressurized 95 L (25 gal), pressurized Drying Infrared oven (e) Air dry (f) (a) Shell, 75 mm (3 in.) in diameter and 355 mm (14 in.) long, of 1.0 mm (0.040 in.) steel. (b) Panel 915 by 760...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... reflow soldering. Area IR emitters, that is, radiant panels, and lamp radiant emitters that are arranged in arrays with reflectors are incorporated in a conveyorized oven to provide the source of heat. By using mid- to far-infrared emissions and presenting a large heated surface area to heat the resident...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., slotting, punching, reforming, heat sealing, or gluing. Thermoforming is ideally suited to large-volume runs of small items, such as oven-safe food trays, but is also useful for producing large parts, such as boat, aircraft, and automotive components. It is frequently used for molding parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...: Ref 2 and 7 Table 3 Approximate heating times for tempering Time required (per inch) to reach furnace temperature. Per inch of diameter or thickness, with furnace maintained steadily at T max. Steel having dark or scaled surface (a) . Source: Ref 5 Tempering In a hot air oven, w...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The reason for this disadvantage is erosion caused by diesel effects, which occurs much less during LFT processing. Machinery stops also reduce the probability of undesirable materials degradation using the direct LFT extrusion process. A production line stop in GMT necessitates clearing the oven. This can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... manner, and the environment surrounding the workload changes dramatically as a function of the position of the workload. Of all the continuous furnace types, pusher furnaces are the most common. Heat treating furnaces can be divided further into furnaces and ovens. Today (2014), oven construction can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... The future directions for powder coatings can be summarized by some of the significant challenges the industry is facing. The appliance industry is among the largest single market sector for thermosetting powders using powder coating for front and side panels of ovens, refrigerators, washing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... thickness, and type of property being evaluated. Test samples should be in a stressed position to ensure maximum deterioration. The five specimens tested per cycle are used to calculate an average value of the particular property for the test cycle and oven aging temperature. The average values...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... In matched-die consolidation, one or more hydraulic presses are used to consolidate the prepreg stack in a flat mold. One version of this technique employs an oven to heat the prepregs to melt the matrix, whereupon the prepreg stack is quickly transferred to a press with a cooled mold ( Fig. 2 ). The press...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... , 1995 20. Rudnev V. , (2010). Induction tempering versus oven tempering: when little things mean a lot [Webinar]. Retrieved from www.asminternational . 21. Grum J. , Analysis of Residual Stresses in Main Crankshaft Bearing after Induction Surface Hardening and Finish Grinding...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of resin on a level plate for 3 min in an oven at 125 °C (257 °F), tilting the plate at 65°, and after 17 min measuring the resin flow in millimeters. Source: Ref 1 Solids content of a resin is the amount or percentage of binder or resinous material that is available for bonding the sand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Therefore, an additional heating process may be needed to reduce the total hot gas heat energy required to reflow the solder interconnects. There are four methods of preheating the assemblies: oven bake, diffused hot gas, radiant, and conduction (edge rail or hot plate) heating. All methods are effective...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... systems used for coremaking are: Cold box processes (vapor cured, no-bake) Phenolic urethane/amine Furan/SO 2 (Acrylic/epoxy)/SO 2 (free radical cure process) Sodium silicate/CO 2 Phenolic ester Heat-cured processes Shell process Core oil (oven bake) Phenolic hot box...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... limit is approximately 1 to 2 h after metal lead etch. Wafers are stored in a nitrogen environment and can be held up to the sit time limit before processing in solvent cleanup. Chloride residue from the photoresist attacks metal leads and needs to be removed before the waiting period. The oven...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... in., or less in thickness) may by effectively dried in an air-circulating oven at 121 °C (250 °F) for 4 h minimum. Drying cycles for thicker laminates should be developed empirically using the actual adherend thicknesses. After drying, the surface should be prepared for bonding and then the actual bonding...