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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... these PGMs along with the types of anodes used in the process. anodes electrolytes electroplating iridium plating osmium plating palladium plating platinum plating platinum-group metal anodes rhodium plating ruthenium plating THE SIX PLATINUM-GROUP METALS (PGMs), listed in order of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Precious metals include gold, silver, and six platinum-group metals, namely, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, and iridium. This article focuses on the consumption, trade practices, properties, product forms, and applications of these metals and their alloys. gold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the use of noble and precious metals for biomedical applications. The noble metals include gold, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, iridium, and osmium. The physical and mechanical properties of the noble and precious metals are presented in tables. A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article characterizes the corrosion resistance of precious metals, namely, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold. It provides a discussion on the general fabricability; atomic, structural, physical, and mechanical properties; oxidation and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., molybdenum, tungsten, and rhenium. With the exception of two of the platinum-group metals, osmium and iridium, they have the highest melting temperatures and lowest vapor pressures of all metals. The refractory metals are readily degraded by oxidizing environments at moderately low temperatures, a property...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... (c) failed cathode after 1000 h of operation, collected in the respective tungsten regions Phase identification determined that two phases were present in the tungsten region of the new cathode: tungsten and osmium (confirmed by μXRF). The supplier did not indicate the presence of osmium. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., tungsten, and rhenium. With the exception of two of the platinum-group metals, osmium and iridium, the refractory metals have the highest melting temperatures (>2000 °C, or 3630 °F) and the lowest vapor pressures of all metals. They are readily degraded by oxidizing environments at moderately low...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Platinum 75 150 Palladium 250 450 Rhodium 8 12 Iridium 1 3 Ruthenium 71 100 Osmium 1 (a) 1 (a) All osmium is included in this number. Source: U.S. Bureau of Mines Many of the techniques discussed for processing precious metals recycled from electronics...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... chemical behavior (will react with acids). But as stated above, because of the chemical activities of the metallic elements, thin oxides rapidly form on freshly bare surfaces of most metals. Ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold are the exceptions. These eight metals...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cementite plates of pearlite may simply be bent adjacent to some scratches and may be completely fragmented adjacent to others. Austenitic steels generally are quite susceptible to abrasion artifacts, and the common etchants reveal effects due to prior deformation with considerable sensitivity. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... be cold worked, and iridium can be cold worked with difficulty, only after a fibrous structure has been imparted by careful hot working. Ruthenium and osmium have a hcp structure. Osmium is completely unworkable and ruthenium very nearly so. In general, the only problems special to working of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Lithium 0.534 0.019 Manganese 7.43 0.270 Mercury 13.546 0.489 Molybdenum 10.22 0.369 Niobium 8.57 0.310 Osmium 22.583 0.816 Plutonium 19.84 0.717 Potassium 0.86 0.031 Rhenium 21.04 0.756 Rhodium 12.44 0.447 Ruthenium 12.2 0.441 Selenium 4.79 0.174...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... … … … … … … Osmium 2264 4107 2451 4444 2667 4833 2920 5288 … … Palladium 1271 2320 1405 2561 1566 2851 1759 3198 … … Platinum 1744 3171 1904 3459 2090 3794 2293 4159 4407 7965 Potassium 123 253 161 322 207 405 265 509 643 1189 Rhodium 1815 3299 1971 3580 2150...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... change when the criterion is altered from cost per unit mass to cost per unit volume. This can be seen in Table 2 . Much of the data in this table are for refined metal in ingot form, and the costs of processed products (e.g., sheet, plate, extrusions, and forgings) are much higher. Every process and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9