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orthotropic plates

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article focuses on the unique characteristics of composites and laminated plates, including orthotropic, anisotropic, and unsymmetric plates. It discusses stability issues associated with practical, structural laminates based on the finite stack effects and transverse shear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... measurement of viscosity of semisolid alloy materials by using three types of viscometers: the coaxial cylinder viscometer, the cone-and-plate viscometer, and the capillary viscometer. forming bulk forming sheet-metal forming semisolid forming polymer extrusion process modeling compression test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... , Kan H.P. , and Deo R.B. , “Out-of- Plane Analysis for Composite Structure Volume I,” Report Number NAWCADWAR-94138-60 ( Vol 1 ), Naval Air Warfare Center , Warminster, PA , 15 Sept 1994 8. Whitney J.M. , Elasticity Analysis of Orthotropic Beams under Concentrated Loads...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-strain relations in the forms appropriate for analysis of thin plies of material. The analysis is then developed for an assemblage of plies (laminate), and finally the stress-strain relations for a thin, laminated plate are developed for the case of plate membrane forces and bending moments. For...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Orthotropic Rectangular Plate , Int. J. Solids Struct. , Vol 34 ( No. 14 ), Elsevier Science Ltd. , 1997 , p 1797 – 1822 10.1016/S0020-7683(96)00114-X • Becker H. , Handbook of Structural Stability Part II—Buckling of Composite Elements , National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics TN...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... analysis: Select type of FEA: static, modal, dynamic, thermal, coupled-fluid structure, linear, or nonlinear. Select type of FE: beam, plate, shell, plane strain/stress, axisymmetric or solid, and mesh (coarse or fine) discretization. Define constitutive models: full 3-D orthotropic/anisotropic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Products Research: Proceedings of the Experimental Mechanics Plenary Session at the Forest Products Research Society Annual Meeting , June 29, 1994 ( Portland, ME ), p 23 – 30 21. Hawong J.S. et al. , A Hybrid Method to Determine Individual Stresses in Orthotropic Composites Using Only...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... MIL-STD-401B paragraph No. ASTM test method Density 5.1.1 C 271 Specific gravity 5.1.1 C 271 Water absorption 5.1.2 C 272 Thermal conductivity 5.1.3 C 177 Bare compression 5.1.4 C 365 Stabilized compression 5.1.4 C 365 Plate shear 5.1.5 C 273 Flatwise tension...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... lamina and laminate testing. There also are specimen differences between polymeric-matrix and metal-matrix composites that require separate discussions. Basic tensile-test methods for both polymeric-matrix and metal-matrix composites are confined to materials that behave on the macroscale as orthotropic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... illusion that optimized composite structures will necessarily be highly orthotropic and tailored precisely to match the load conditions and stiffness requirements. (There are no terms in most theories to allow for separate residual thermal stresses in the fibers or matrix of the monolayer, which serves as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005588
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Lance-Martin ( Ref 1 ), Rosenthal and Schmerber ( Ref 2 ), and Rykalin ( Ref 3 ) independently obtained an analytical temperature solution for the quasi-stationary state using a point or line heat source moving along a straight line on a semiinfinite body. A solution for plates of finite thickness was...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Nature of the Fiber/Resin Interface , Tough Composite Materials , NASA Langley, Noyes Publishing , 1985 , p 192 4. Muser C. and Hoff N.J. , Stress Concentrations in Cylindrically Orthotropic Plates with Radial Variation of the Compliances , Progress in Science and Engineering of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
....1948.0045 36. Barlat F. and Lian J. , Plastic Behavior and Stretchability of Sheet Metals, Part I: Yield Function for Orthotropic Sheets under Plane Stress Conditions , Int. J. Plast. , Vol 5 , 1989 , p 51 – 66 10.1016/0749-6419(89)90019-3 37. Barlat F. , Lege D.J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Greszczuk L.B. , Stress Concentration and Failure Criteria for Orthotropic and Anisotropic Plates with Circular Openings , Composite Materials: Testing and Design, Second Conf. , STP 497, ASTM , 1971 , p 363 13. Tsai S.W. , Composite Design , 4th ed. , Think Composites, 1988 14...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... Jr. , “Effect of Plate Size on Impact Damage,” presented at Fifth ASTM Symposium on Composite Materials ( Atlanta, GA ), 4–6 May 1993 14. Lloyd B.A. and Knight G.K. , “Impact Damage Sensitivity of Filament-Wound Composite Pressure Vessels,” 1986 JANNAF Propulsion Meeting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... ), 2006 , p 278 – 288 42. Bastier A. , Maitournam M.H. , Roger F. , and Dang Van K. , Modelling of the Residual State of Friction Stir Welded Plates , J. Mater. Process. Technol. , Vol 200 , 2008 , p 25 – 37 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.10.083 43. Qin X. and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of an orthotropic laminate, is too complex for hand calculations. Although somewhat lengthy, laminate calculations are relatively simple. They can be programmed into a spreadsheet with little difficulty. The challenge in this approach is verifying the calculations. The large number of variables...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... multidirectional laminate. There is considerable debate concerning the validity of flexural testing of fiber-reinforced composite materials. Measured flexural properties are often highly dependent on stacking sequence, as is illustrated by the fact that for highly orthotropic laminates, the maximum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...(92)90085-Z 42. Bond L.J. and Taylor J. , Interaction of Rayleigh Waves with a Rib Attached to a Plate , Ultrasonics , Vol 29 , 1991 , p 451 – 458 10.1016/0041-624X(91)90075-J 43. Achenbach J.D. and Brind R.J. , Scattering of Surface Waves by a Sub-Surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., which is shown in Fig. 1 for isotropic glass fibers and in Fig. 2 for orthotropic carbon fibers. Fig. 1 The strength of glass fibers embedded in polymer matrices, in terms of fiber strains Fig. 2 The strength of carbon fibers embedded in polymer matrices, in terms of fiber strains...