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orthopedic surgery

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Total joint replacement in orthopedic surgery can be achieved by excision, interposition, and replacement arthroplasty. This article details the most common materials used in total replacement synovial joints: metals, ceramics, and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Porous coatings are used in the field of joint replacement, particularly in cementless total hip/knee arthroplasty. This article reviews the offerings and biomaterial properties in orthopedic surgery for the contemporary class of highly porous metals. It describes the traditional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006902
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... anesthesiology, ear and nose, general hospital, ophthalmic, plastic surgery, radiology, cardiovascular, orthopedic, dental, neurology, gynecology, obstetrics, physical medicine, urology, toxicology, and pathology. It is classified under these panels, and critical reviews and future outlooks are provided...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... implant applications, such as orthopedic, cardiovascular surgery, and dentistry. It addresses key issues related to the simulation of an in vivo environment, service conditions, and data interpretation. These include the frequency of dynamic loading, electrolyte chemistry, applicable loading modes...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 Typical examples for orthopedic internal fixation devices (schematic). (a) and (b) Round hole bone plates (can be used with compression devices). (c) Classical Sherman bone plate. (d) to (g) Dynamic compression plates of various sizes. (h) Compression bone plate with glide holes. (i More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... and cardiothoracic surgery, orthopedics, neurosurgery, otolaryngology, and oral maxillofacial surgery. Given the early history of 3D imaging in craniofacial surgery, it makes sense that this technology has achieved the greatest degree of adoption among plastic surgeons, particularly those specializing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006906
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... in orthopedic osteotomies in a comparison of several clinical outcomes in surgeries with and without PSI. In the review, the PSI group achieved significant savings in terms of operation time (21.08 versus 46.92 min) and number of fluoroscopy exposures (3.92 versus 6.69) ( Ref 78 ). In line with these results...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... as a major achievement in orthopedic surgery in the twentieth century. Arthroplasty, or the creation of a prosthetic joint, is the name given to the surgical treatment of degenerate joints with the goal of relieving pain and restoring mobility. Figure 1(a) shows an illustration of the components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006859
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
.... Most biomedical devices are not suitable for PBF manufacturing; however, there is a growing trend of adopting PBF systems and postprocessing equipment to produce a variety of biomedical devices on demand. Biomedical device manufacturers are also using PBF to mass-manufacture orthopedic implants ( Ref 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006854
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... grafts were performed ( Ref 1 – 3 ). Although the success rate of autologous bone grafting in orthopedic surgery has been shown to be as high as 83% ( Ref 2 , 3 ), research in search of novel bone graft for improved clinical outcome has thrived in recent decades ( Ref 4 – 6 ). To solve this shortage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the reconstructed bone in fracture treatment of the injured patient or, in corrective orthopedic surgery, to stabilize osteotomies (sectioning and realignment of bone) or to perform arthrodeses (stiffening of joints by fusion of bones). Various types and sizes of bone plates, bone screws, intramedullary rods (nails...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... more details about the unique designs of AM devices on an joint-by-joint basis. Total Hip Arthroplasty Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common orthopedic surgery that replaces arthritic portions of the femur and acetabulum with metal components coupled with an ultra-high-molecular-weight...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) is applied to raise the temperature to above the transition temperature; the plate reverts to its original dimensions, contracting and pulling the fractured surfaces together. Coatings for Use on Implants One of the great debates in orthopedic implant surgery has been over the question of attachment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... on the device "failures" that include fracture, wear, and corrosion. The article first discusses failure modes of long-term orthopedic and cardiovascular implants. The article then focuses on short-term implants, typically bone screws and plates. Lastly, failure modes of surgical tools are discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... revision surgery, the pH of the solution present at the interface between the stem and the orthopedic bone cement holding it in place was significantly lower (around 3) than the physiological pH normally assumed (pH 7.4). The researchers also noted that pain was associated with severely corroding and low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... of stainless steel and later fabricated from cobalt-chrome alloy, was cemented into a human femoral canal, and an ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) cup was cemented on the acetabulum. The surgery was so successful that CoCr-on-UHMWPE artificial joints became the gold standard. However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of various implants, such as metallic, ceramic, and polymeric implants. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006896
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... in 2020 was inhibited due to global pandemic and the halting of elective surgeries. This article provides insight into the considerations and current workflow of creating 3D-printed anatomical models at the POC. Case studies are introduced to show the complex range of anatomical models that can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... of bone implant failures; the leading causes for these orthopedic device failures are shown in Fig. 1 . Additionally, secondary revision surgeries are expensive, have a relatively low success rate, and can be painful for patients often causing morbidity as well. Further, patients are up to 13× more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the primary reason why mechanically assisted corrosion processes have become a significant concern. Implant modularity is where different components of a total joint prosthesis are combined, for example, at the time of surgery using metal-metal conical taper connections that the surgeon assembles...