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orthopedic implants

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article addresses the biologic aspects of implant debris both locally and systemically. It discusses the particulate debris, such as stainless steel, cobalt alloy, and titanium alloy, and soluble debris obtained due to wear from all orthopedic implants. Implant debris is known to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... redesign. The article examines the common failure modes, such as overload, fatigue, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and fretting, of medical devices. The failure analysis of orthopedic implants, such as permanent prostheses and internal fixation devices, is described. The article reviews the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... simulators medical implants metals orthopedic surgery physical properties pin-on-disk experiments pin-on-plate experiments total joint replacement total replacement synovial joints tribological characteristics ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene wear SYNOVIAL JOINTS are remarkable bearings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines some of the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of implants based on materials, such as metallic implants, ceramic implants, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... cardiovascular applications ceramics composites dental applications drug-delivery systems endovascular devices glass knee implants medical device design metals nanomaterials natural materials neurostimulation ophthalmic applications orthopedic applications polymers stem cells total hip...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article commences with a description of the prosthetic devices and implants used for internal fixation. It describes the complications related to implants and provides a list of major standards for orthopedic implant materials. The article illustrates the body environment and its...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... continuous casting gas turbines heat treatment hot isostatic pressing microstructure orthopedic implants phases physical metallurgy crystallography foundry methods argon-oxygen decarburization cobalt alloy castings wear-resistant alloys corrosion-resistant alloys COBALT-BASE ALLOYS have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Metallography plays a significant role in the quality control of metals and alloys used in the manufacture of implantable surgical devices. This article provides information and data on metallographic techniques along with images showing the microstructure of biomedical orthopedic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... these steels. The austenitic stainless steel components include spring wires, preheater-reactor slurry transfer lines and gas lines of coal-liquefaction pilot plants, oil feed tubes and suction couch rolls of paper machines, cortical screws and compression hip screws of orthopedic implants, and Jewett...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomaterials in surgical implant applications, such as orthopedic, cardiovascular surgery, and dentistry. It addresses the key issues related to simulation of the in vivo environment, service conditions, and data interpretation. Theses include frequency of dynamic loading, electrolyte chemistry, applicable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... metal/coating due to the limitations of traditional porous metals for numerous open-cell-structured metals, such as titanium-base foams and trabecular metal. cancellous-structured titanium cobalt-chromium beads fiber-metal mesh joint replacement metallic implant materials orthopedic surgery...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metallurgy biocompatibility biomaterials dental application implant materials orthopedic application BIOMATERIALS are the man-made metallic, ceramic, and polymeric materials used for intracorporeal applications in the human body. Intracorporeal uses may be for hard tissue or soft tissue replacement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Steels, WC, Ti, Co/Cr alloys, TiN coatings, electroplated Cr N, C 10–20 at.% ≥10 17 ions/cm 2 Ti, Co/Cr alloys largest use commercially in orthopedic devices ( Ref 5 , 9 , 17 ) Friction Steels Ti plus C implants ≥10 17 ions/cm 2 Dual implants give amorphous surface layer ( Ref 18...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... attachment in the fields of orthopedics and dentistry, and soft-tissue attachment such as wound closure. The typical characteristics and applications of biocompatible medical device adhesives are listed in a table. The article concludes with a section on selection of materials for medical adhesives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... applications of ion implantation for industrial exploitation Application Material Typical results Orthopedic implants (artificial hip and knee joints) Ti-6Al-4V Significant (400 times) lifetime increase in laboratory tests Bearings (precision bearings for aircraft) M50 tool steel, 440C...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... especially successful in increasing the life (up to 20 times) of tools and parts used in the manufacture of injection-molded plastics. Titanium and cobalt-chromium alloy orthopedic prostheses for hip and knee joints are among the most successful commercial applications for ion-implantation components for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... valve components, rolling elements and bearings, paper and wire manufacturing, biomedical implants, heat exchangers, adiabatic diesel engines, advanced gas turbines, and aerospace applications. advanced ceramics aerospace applications mineral processing equipment structural applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... corresponding fracture morphologies can be found in the article “Failure Analysis of Metallic Orthopedic Implants” in Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11 of ASM Handbook . SEM, 532× (R. Abrams, Howmedica, Division of Pfizer Hospital Products Group, Inc.) Fig. 881 Fig. 882 Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... initiation. Novak et al. ( Ref 183 ) also observed CF in retrieved orthopedic wires. Zardiackas et al. ( Ref 184 ) performed a retrieval study involving 275 long bone plates and implants used to treat hip and knee fractures. Of these, 17 stainless steel implants had fractured in service. The mechanism of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... system, the oral cavity, the environment surrounding orthopedic implants, and so on. Implant materials are often required to be tested in an environment that is similar to that in which the material may be subjected in service. Such materials are often vulnerable to various forms of chemical attack...