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orthopedic implants

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article commences with a description of the prosthetic devices and implants used for internal fixation. It describes the complications related to implants and provides a list of major standards for orthopedic implant materials. The article illustrates the body environment and its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article addresses the biologic aspects of implant debris both locally and systemically. It discusses the particulate debris, such as stainless steel, cobalt alloy, and titanium alloy, and soluble debris obtained due to wear from all orthopedic implants. Implant debris is known...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... redesign. The article examines the common failure modes, such as overload, fatigue, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and fretting, of medical devices. The failure analysis of orthopedic implants, such as permanent prostheses and internal fixation devices, is described. The article reviews the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... of these steels. The austenitic stainless steel components include spring wires, preheater-reactor slurry transfer lines and gas lines of coal-liquefaction pilot plants, oil feed tubes and suction couch rolls of paper machines, cortical screws and compression hip screws of orthopedic implants, and Jewett nails...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Metallography plays a significant role in the quality control of metals and alloys used in the manufacture of implantable surgical devices. This article provides information and data on metallographic techniques along with images showing the microstructure of biomedical orthopedic...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... primarily focuses on metallic materials. It provides information on basic metallurgy, biocompatibility, chemistry, and the orthopedic and dental applications of metallic biomaterials. A table compares the mechanical properties of some common implant materials with those of bone. The article also provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines some of the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of implants based on materials, such as metallic implants, ceramic implants...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... continuous casting gas turbines heat treatment hot isostatic pressing microstructure orthopedic implants phases physical metallurgy crystallography foundry methods argon-oxygen decarburization cobalt alloy castings wear-resistant alloys corrosion-resistant alloys COBALT-BASE ALLOYS have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... and their corresponding fracture morphologies can be found in the article “Failure Analysis of Metallic Orthopedic Implants” in Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11 of ASM Handbook . SEM, 532× (R. Abrams, Howmedica, Division of Pfizer Hospital Products Group, Inc.) Fig. 881 Fig. 882 Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... modular connections from different orthopedic implants showing evidence of corrosion attack. (a) SEM of head taper near the free surface (top). Note the machining lines at the top near the exterior of the device and the corrosion evident within about 500 μm (20 mils) from the free surface. (b) Higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... metal/coating due to the limitations of traditional porous metals for numerous open-cell-structured metals, such as titanium-base foams and trabecular metal. cancellous-structured titanium cobalt-chromium beads fiber-metal mesh joint replacement metallic implant materials orthopedic surgery...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-Resistant Alloys Special-Purpose Alloys Cobalt-Base Alloys Cobalt in Superalloys Cobalt in Cemented Carbides Cobalt in Magnetic Materials Cobalt in Low-Expansion Alloys Cobalt in Steels Orthopedic Implants Age-Hardening Alloys As a group, the cobalt-base alloys may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... be realized that there are many different in vivo environments, each presenting significantly different conditions, for example, the cardiovascular system, the oral cavity, the environment surrounding orthopedic implants, and so on. Implant materials are often required to be tested in an environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... on the skeletal system are substantial, surgical implant devices used to temporarily or permanently replace bone function must have adequate tensile, compressive, and bending strength values and be superior in regard to other mechanical properties as well. This means that high-load-bearing orthopedic implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... cardiovascular applications ceramics composites dental applications drug-delivery systems endovascular devices glass knee implants medical device design metals nanomaterials natural materials neurostimulation ophthalmic applications orthopedic applications polymers stem cells total hip...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
.... , Ceramics and Bearing Surfaces in Total Hip Arthroplasties , Hip Prosth. Ceram. , p 25 – 32 (in French) 17. Langhorn J.B. , Overholser R.W. , and Smith B.J. , Ceramic Coated Orthopedic Implants and Method of Making such Implants , U.S. Patent 2011/0066253 18. Dearnley P.A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomaterials in surgical implant applications, such as orthopedic, cardiovascular surgery, and dentistry. It addresses the key issues related to simulation of the in vivo environment, service conditions, and data interpretation. Theses include frequency of dynamic loading, electrolyte chemistry, applicable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Surgery , Vol 80-A ( No. 2 ), Feb, 1998 , p 268 – 282 16. Gilbert J.L. and Jacobs J.J. , “ Modularity of Orthopedic Implants ,” STP 1301, Parr J.E. , Mayor M.B. , and Marlow D.E. , Ed., ASTM International , 1997 , p 45 – 59 17. Brown S.A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Associated with Taper Fretting Crevice Corrosion: A Review , Modularity of Orthopedic Implants , STP 1301, Marlowe D.E. , Parr J.E. , and Mayor M.B. , Ed., American Society for Testing and Materials , 1997 , p 45 – 59 10.1520/STP12020S 33. Willert G. , Broback L.G...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., clutches, spindles, and seals; in press fits on shafts; and in universal joints, base plates, shackles, and orthopedic implants. Generally, fretting occurs at contacting surfaces that are intended to be fixed in relation to each other but that actually undergo minute alternating relative motion...