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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article commences with a description of the prosthetic devices and implants used for internal fixation. It describes the complications related to implants and provides a list of major standards for orthopedic implant materials. The article illustrates the body environment and its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... and Manufacturing Considerations of 3D-Printed, Commercially Pure Titanium and Titanium Alloy-Based Orthopedic Implants" and "Device Testing Considerations Following FDA Guidance" for additive-manufactured medical devices. These are further subdivided into five major focus areas: materials; design, printing...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 39 Stress-corrosion cracking in a 316 stainless steel orthopedic implant More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 39 Stress-corrosion cracking in a 316 stainless steel orthopedic implant More
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Published: 12 September 2022
Fig. 1 Common causes of orthopedic implant failure. Adapted from Ref 4 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Implant debris is known to cause local inflammation, local osteolysis, and, in some cases, local and systemic hypersensitivity. The debris can be stainless steel, cobalt alloy, and titanium alloy, and soluble debris obtained due to wear from all orthopedic implants. This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... of these steels. The austenitic stainless steel components include spring wires, preheater-reactor slurry transfer lines and gas lines of coal-liquefaction pilot plants, oil feed tubes and suction couch rolls of paper machines, cortical screws and compression hip screws of orthopedic implants, and Jewett nails...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... redesign. The article examines the common failure modes, such as overload, fatigue, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and fretting, of medical devices. The failure analysis of orthopedic implants, such as permanent prostheses and internal fixation devices, is described. The article reviews the failure...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 19 A scanning electron microscope image of a sintered Co/Cr/Mo bead layer on the surface of a Co/Cr/Mo orthopedic implant device More
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Published: 01 January 1987
. Additional information on cobalt-base alloys used for surgical implants and their corresponding fracture morphologies can be found in the article “Failure Analysis of Metallic Orthopedic Implants” in Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11 of ASM Handbook . SEM, 532× (R. Abrams, Howmedica, Division More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... on the device "failures" that include fracture, wear, and corrosion. The article first discusses failure modes of long-term orthopedic and cardiovascular implants. The article then focuses on short-term implants, typically bone screws and plates. Lastly, failure modes of surgical tools are discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...” morphology. Additional information on cobalt-base alloys used for surgical implants and their corresponding fracture morphologies can be found in the article “Failure Analysis of Metallic Orthopedic Implants” in Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11 of ASM Handbook . SEM, 532× (R. Abrams, Howmedica...
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 2 Selected scanning electron micrography (SEM) micrographs of retrieved modular connections from different orthopedic implants showing evidence of corrosion attack. (a) SEM of head taper near the free surface (top). Note the machining lines at the top near the exterior of the device More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006859
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
.... Most biomedical devices are not suitable for PBF manufacturing; however, there is a growing trend of adopting PBF systems and postprocessing equipment to produce a variety of biomedical devices on demand. Biomedical device manufacturers are also using PBF to mass-manufacture orthopedic implants ( Ref 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Metallography plays a significant role in the quality control of metals and alloys used in the manufacture of implantable surgical devices. This article provides information and data on metallographic techniques along with images showing the microstructure of biomedical orthopedic...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metallurgy biocompatibility biomaterials dental application implant materials orthopedic application BIOMATERIALS are the man-made metallic, ceramic, and polymeric materials used for intracorporeal applications in the human body. Intracorporeal uses may be for hard tissue or soft tissue replacement...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... coatings continuous casting gas turbines heat treatment hot isostatic pressing microstructure orthopedic implants phases physical metallurgy crystallography foundry methods argon-oxygen decarburization cobalt alloy castings wear-resistant alloys corrosion-resistant alloys COBALT-BASE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of various implants, such as metallic, ceramic, and polymeric implants. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of cobalt, nickel, and iron have been used. More recently, the use of titanium has increased dramatically in dental applications such as dental implants. Metal alloys have been used in orthopedic applications in greatest amounts related to fracture fixation devices and total joint arthroplasties. Alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... and Biological Issues , ASTM International , 1996 77. Oliveira V. , Chaves R.R. , Bertazzoli R. , and Caram R. , Preparation and Characterization of Ti-Al-Nb Alloys for Orthopedic Implants , Braz. J. Chem. Eng. , Vol 15 ( No. 4 ), 1998 , p 326 – 333 10.1590/S0104...