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orthopedic implant devices

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Fig. 19 A scanning electron microscope image of a sintered Co/Cr/Mo bead layer on the surface of a Co/Cr/Mo orthopedic implant device Fig. 20 A cross-sectional view of the interface between the Co/Cr/Mo bead layer and the Co/Cr/Mo substrate Fig. 21 A scanning electron microscope...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article commences with a description of the prosthetic devices and implants used for internal fixation. It describes the complications related to implants and provides a list of major standards for orthopedic implant materials. The article illustrates the body environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article outlines the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of various implants, such as metallic, ceramic, and polymeric implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., nondestructive examination, destructive examination, exemplars analysis, and device redesign. The article examines the common failure modes, such as overload, fatigue, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and fretting, of medical devices. The failure analysis of orthopedic implants, such as permanent prostheses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... replacement Calcium phosphates Bone repair and augmentation, surface coatings on metals Bioactive glasses Bone replacement Porcelain Dental restoration Carbons Heart valves, percutaneous devices, dental implants Polymers Polyethylene Joint replacement Polypropylene Sutures...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... polished surfaces perform better in terms of corrosion and wear. Stainless Steels Cobalt-Chromium Alloys Titanium and its Alloys Shape Memory Effect (SME) Alloys One of the great debates in orthopedic implant surgery has been over the question of attachment of bone to prosthetic devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... modular connections from different orthopedic implants showing evidence of corrosion attack. (a) SEM of head taper near the free surface (top). Note the machining lines at the top near the exterior of the device and the corrosion evident within about 500 μm (20 mils) from the free surface. (b) Higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... on the skeletal system are substantial, surgical implant devices used to temporarily or permanently replace bone function must have adequate tensile, compressive, and bending strength values and be superior in regard to other mechanical properties as well. This means that high-load-bearing orthopedic implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... to exhibit bioactivity and osteoconductivity to form a direct chemical bond with bone after implantation ( Ref 21 ). This property makes HA desirable for orthopedic applications both as a bone substitute and as a coating for implants in direct contact with bone. Other calcium phosphates that have been...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...; and carbon and tantalum on biological implants Deposition of electrically conductive diffusion barriers (for example, hafnium nitride, HfN, and TiN on semiconductor devices) Ion Implantation Process Description Ion implantation involves the bombardment of a solid material with medium-to-high...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in orthopedic devices Friction Steels Ti plus C implants ≥10 17 ions/cm 2 Dual implants give amorphous surface layer Fatigue Ti alloys, steels N, C ≥10 17 ions/cm 2 Implantation effective for surface initiated fatigue Fracture toughness Ceramics: Al 2 O 3 , TiN Ar 10 15 −10 17 ions/cm 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... for Wrought Nickel-Titanium Shape Memory Alloys for Medical Devices and Surgical Implants,” F 2063, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 13.01 , American Society for Testing and Materials , 2003 18. Bubert H. and Jenett H. , Ed., Surface and Thin Film Analysis, Principles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... segments fall under the umbrella of the medical device and diagnostics industry, and include surgical and procedural devices and implants, which account for most of the notable MIM interests and success stories. Implants are further categorized into dental, orthopedic, and cardiac rhythm management...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Comments, references Wear Steels, WC, Ti, Co/Cr alloys, TiN coatings, electroplated Cr N, C 10–20 at.% ≥10 17 ions/cm 2 Ti, Co/Cr alloys largest use commercially in orthopedic devices ( Ref 5 , 9 , 17 ) Friction Steels Ti plus C implants ≥10 17 ions/cm 2 Dual implants give amorphous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... R.W. , and Smith B.J. , Ceramic Coated Orthopedic Implants and Method of Making such Implants , U.S. Patent 2011/0066253 18. Dearnley P.A. , A Review of Metallic, Ceramic, and Surface-Treated Metals Used for Bearing Surfaces in Human Joint Replacements , Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) Coatings Welding Wear-Resistant Alloys Corrosion-Resistant Alloys Alloys for Orthopedic Implants Alloys for Aero and Land Gas Turbines The crystal structure of pure cobalt is hexagonal close-packed (hcp) at room temperature. Above 420 °C (785 °F), the face-centered cubic (fcc) crystal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ELI (Extra Low Interstitial) Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56401),” F 136, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 13 , ASTM International , 1996 11. “Standard Specification for Wrought Nickel-Titanium Shape Memory Alloys for Medical Devices and Surgical Implants,” F 2063...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract Implant debris is known to cause local inflammation, local osteolysis, and, in some cases, local and systemic hypersensitivity. The debris can be stainless steel, cobalt alloy, and titanium alloy, and soluble debris obtained due to wear from all orthopedic implants...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-Resistant Alloys Special-Purpose Alloys Cobalt-Base Alloys Cobalt in Superalloys Cobalt in Cemented Carbides Cobalt in Magnetic Materials Cobalt in Low-Expansion Alloys Cobalt in Steels Orthopedic Implants Age-Hardening Alloys As a group, the cobalt-base alloys may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., it should first be realized that there are many different in vivo environments, each presenting significantly different conditions, for example, the cardiovascular system, the oral cavity, the environment surrounding orthopedic implants, and so on. Implant materials are often required to be tested...