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orthopedic implant devices

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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 19 A scanning electron microscope image of a sintered Co/Cr/Mo bead layer on the surface of a Co/Cr/Mo orthopedic implant device More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Metallography plays a significant role in the quality control of metals and alloys used in the manufacture of implantable surgical devices. This article provides information and data on metallographic techniques along with images showing the microstructure of biomedical orthopedic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... composites dental applications drug-delivery systems endovascular devices glass knee implants medical device design metals nanomaterials natural materials neurostimulation ophthalmic applications orthopedic applications polymers stem cells total hip replacement urology THE FIELD...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... on the device "failures" that include fracture, wear, and corrosion. The article first discusses failure modes of long-term orthopedic and cardiovascular implants. The article then focuses on short-term implants, typically bone screws and plates. Lastly, failure modes of surgical tools are discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article commences with a description of the prosthetic devices and implants used for internal fixation. It describes the complications related to implants and provides a list of major standards for orthopedic implant materials. The article illustrates the body environment and its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of various implants, such as metallic, ceramic, and polymeric implants. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... redesign. The article examines the common failure modes, such as overload, fatigue, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and fretting, of medical devices. The failure analysis of orthopedic implants, such as permanent prostheses and internal fixation devices, is described. The article reviews the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... and Manufacturing Considerations of 3D-Printed, Commercially Pure Titanium and Titanium Alloy-Based Orthopedic Implants" and "Device Testing Considerations Following FDA Guidance" for additive-manufactured medical devices. These are further subdivided into five major focus areas: materials; design, printing...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... tissue. Carbon fiber/polysulfone orthopedic implants have been made and tested. Composite tendons have been produced using absorbable polymer-carbon systems of several types. Totally resorbable fracture fixation devices have been produced using calcium/phosphorus-based glass fibers in a polyacetic acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006859
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
.... Most biomedical devices are not suitable for PBF manufacturing; however, there is a growing trend of adopting PBF systems and postprocessing equipment to produce a variety of biomedical devices on demand. Biomedical device manufacturers are also using PBF to mass-manufacture orthopedic implants ( Ref 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article tabulates materials that are known to have been used in orthopaedic and/or cardiovascular medical devices. The materials are grouped as metals, ceramics and glasses, and synthetic polymers in order. These tables were compiled from the Medical Materials Database which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... as a coating on orthopaedic implants to initiate bone attachment ( Ref 6 ) or in association with bone morphogenic protein to induce bone formation in bone defects, such as those produced by removal of tumors and in dental applications for the restoration of the alveolar ridge. To improve its wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., a cobalt-chromium alloy for an orthopaedic bone screw also was introduced ( Ref 2 ) by Alvin Strock, a Boston oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The next year, Bothe et al. ( Ref 3 ) demonstrated that titanium, stainless steel, and Vitallium implants were tolerated in cat femurs from an in vivo study...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... of approved tools. As of 2017, the FDA had reviewed more than 100 AM medical devices, including hearing aids, dental crowns, skull plates, spinal cages, and other orthopedic implants ( Ref 63 , 65 ). Additively manufactured devices may be approved for emergency or humanitarian use via an expedited process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... 80 to 90 years old, the same implant must survive a longer period in the said dynamic harsh conditions if the patient is expected to receive the implant at the age of 50 years. Younger, more active patients have greater incidents of service problems with orthopaedic implants than older patients ( Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006889
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
...-application-ready structural fabrications. In recent work, PBF-EB/M has shown promising metal scaffolds for biomedical applications. The technology provided long-term biological fixation and improved durability of orthopedic implants in load-bearing conditions. This is due to the ability to print...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Implant debris is known to cause local inflammation, local osteolysis, and, in some cases, local and systemic hypersensitivity. The debris can be stainless steel, cobalt alloy, and titanium alloy, and soluble debris obtained due to wear from all orthopedic implants. This article...
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 2 Selected scanning electron micrography (SEM) micrographs of retrieved modular connections from different orthopedic implants showing evidence of corrosion attack. (a) SEM of head taper near the free surface (top). Note the machining lines at the top near the exterior of the device More
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 2 Selected scanning electron micrography (SEM) micrographs of retrieved modular connections from different orthopaedic implants showing evidence of corrosion attack. (a) SEM of head taper near the free surface (top). Note the machining lines at the top near the exterior of the device More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... cermet coatings. chromium carbide chromium oxide orthopaedic joints substrate selection thermal spray coating titanium THERMAL SPRAY COATINGS have been used for biomedical devices for decades, primarily in the orthopaedic and dental fields. The purpose of this article is to give readers...