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orthopaedic medical devices

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article tabulates materials that are known to have been used in orthopaedic and/or cardiovascular medical devices. The materials are grouped as metals, ceramics and glasses, and synthetic polymers in order. These tables were compiled from the Medical Materials Database...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-200100022-00004 18. Medlin D.J. , Processing Microstructure and Performance of Metallic Orthopaedic Medical Devices , Proc. Microscopy and Microanalysis 2003 , Piston D. , Bruley J. , Anderson I.M. , and Kotula P. , Ed., Vol 9 , Suppl. 2, Cambridge Press , 2003 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the analysis of materials and mechanical- (or biomechanical-) based medical device failures. It reviews the failure analysis practices, including evidence receipt, cleaning, nondestructive examination, destructive examination, exemplars analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... devices underscores the interdisciplinary framework of medical device technology today. Figure 1 illustrates the traditional role that materials have played in the restoration of anatomic soft or hard tissue, as in the case of orthopaedic implant devices (i.e., joint replacement). While conventional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... for biomedical devices for orthopaedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications, as well as for drug delivery and tissue engineering. They consist of macromolecules having a large number of repeat units of covalently bonded chains of atoms ( Ref 50 ). The polymers can include a range of natural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Their utility for medical devices has been limited by their low ambient temperature strength when compared to α-β alloys or β alloys. For non-load-bearing corrosion-resistant applications, CP-Ti grades are preferred. Unlike α-β alloys and β alloys, the α-titanium alloys cannot be significantly strengthened...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... With respect to contemporary medical uses, tantalum is used in nearly every aspect of medical electronics, both in extracorporeal applications as well as implantable devices such as cardiac pacemakers, cochlear implants, and nerve stimulators. Outside of medical electronics, tantalum is used in small...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... can provide such a vehicle. Examples of such polymers are polylactide-glycolides and polydioxanone for sutures, and polylactides for bone plates in orthopaedic and maxillofacial applications. The concept of a device that can change its shape when initiated by a signal, such as temperature or a pH...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... behavior of tribological pairs, namely, hip-wear simulation standards, knee-wear simulation standards, and spinal disc-wear simulation standards. friction wear medical implants prosthetic devices amphiarthosis joints diarthosis joints mechanical stability nonconstrained knee replacement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... awareness of the development of mechanically assisted corrosion in orthopaedic and other medical device constructs. Early work in fretting corrosion ( Ref 17 , Ref 18 , Ref 19 ) and fretting corrosion fatigue ( Ref 20 ) have focused on nails, plates, screws, and screw-hole countersink interactions. Since...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... to classify polymers, including the polymerization method, how the material deforms, or molecular origin or stability. The article contains tables that list common medical polymers used in medical devices. It explains the medical polymer selection criteria and regulatory aspects of materials selection failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... metallic implant materials orthopedic surgery plasma spray porous coatings titanium-base foams trabecular metal THE ADVENT of porous coatings for joint replacement prostheses has proven to be a remarkable innovation in the field of orthopaedics. These coatings allow for biologic fixation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of fractures and joint replacement (e.g., hip nails; mandibular plates for maxillofacial surgery; partial and total knee, shoulder, and elbow replacements) and other custom-made implants ( Ref 5 ). These early devices were made by investment casting (the lost wax process, see the section “Orthopaedic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the corrosion resistance and ion release from main transition metallic bearings used as medical devices. It discusses the main issues associated with the in vivo presence of ions and their biocompatibility during the exposure of patients to different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the specific aspects of nitinol that are of interest to medical device designers. It describes the physical metallurgy, physical properties, and tensile properties of the nitinol. The article discusses the factors influencing superelastic shape memory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... chromium carbide cermet coatings. chromium carbide chromium oxide orthopaedic joints substrate selection thermal spray coating titanium THERMAL SPRAY COATINGS have been used for biomedical devices for decades, primarily in the orthopaedic and dental fields. The purpose of this article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... and mechanical properties than alumina ceramics, which had been studied intensively. More than ten years after the discovery of partially and totally stabilized zirconia ( Ref 10 ), studies on zirconia ceramics for orthopaedic devices, such as an articulate ball of a hip joint prosthesis and a femoral component...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... tests, and ion-leaching tests are also discussed. corrosion current density corrosion testing electrochemical corrosion testing electrochemical impedance measurement environment-assisted cracking tests fretting corrosion tests galvanic corrosion tests ion-leaching tests medical devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a background to the biological evaluation of medical devices. It discusses what the ISO 10993 standards require for polymeric biomaterials and presents examples of qualitative and quantitative tests that can be used to satisfy these requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Wear Debris Implant Debris Types—Particles and Ions Wear debris from all orthopaedic implants are two basic types: particles or ions/soluble debris. While the distinction between the two is obvious when particles are large, this distinction becomes a gray area as the size of particles decreases...