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orthopaedic joints

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of how thermal spray technology has adapted to meet the needs of the orthopaedic industry. It includes the challenges facing the development of artificial joints, substrate material selection criteria, thermal spray solutions, and clinical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... as the major achievement in orthopaedic surgery in the 21st century. Arthroplasty, or the creation of a new joint, is the name given to the surgical treatment of degenerate joints aimed at the relief of pain and the restoration of movement. This has been achieved by excision, interposition, and replacement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of the population has, in turn, led to a rapidly increasing number of surgical procedures involving prosthesis implantation, because as the human body ages, the load-bearing joints become more prone to ailments. This has resulted in an urgent need for improved biomaterials and processing technologies for implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... particle-induced proinflammatory response particulate debris soluble debris stainless steel titanium alloys NEARLY HALF TO A THIRD of elderly people in the United States will eventually require a total joint replacement of one type or another (hip, knee, shoulder, disc, etc.) to maintain mobility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... metallic implant materials orthopedic surgery plasma spray porous coatings titanium-base foams trabecular metal THE ADVENT of porous coatings for joint replacement prostheses has proven to be a remarkable innovation in the field of orthopaedics. These coatings allow for biologic fixation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... methods. Titanium and cobalt-chromium alloy orthopaedic prostheses for hip and knee joints are among the most successful commercial applications for ion-implantation components for wear resistance. Ion implantation is a low-temperature technique for modifying the near-surface region of a material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in orthopaedics. In fact, implants ranging from cochlear implants, cardiovascular implants, dental implants, pacemakers, and lumbar disc replacements to more articulating hip and knee replacements or shoulder prostheses undergo different forms of wear. Most literature points toward articulating artificial joints...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., Jan 2001 J.G. Webster, The Design of Cardiac Pacemakers , IEEE Press, 1995 Orthopaedic biomaterials are most commonly meant to perform certain functions by either replacing or augmenting the function of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage as well as guiding healing in the case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... cycles ( Ref 13 ). Orthopaedic implants have provided millions of people benefit from skeletal and joint problems. However, orthopaedic implants can be subjected to significant musculoskeletal forces and aggressive biochemical environments. Further, given the anatomical and physiological limits...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... commercial application in reconstructive orthopaedic surgery will no doubt follow very rapidly. Experimentally, chondrocytes (cells that produce and maintain the haline cartilage that lines joint surfaces) have been grown in porous tantalum structures in vitro , forming metal-chondrocyte composites...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... caused by a joint whose cartilage has been eroded and consequentially allows the patient to walk with comfort. Although the difference in modulus between the device and bone may lead to stress shielding of the bone ( Ref 1 ), resulting in some bone loss and also finite wear of the material that occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Implants made by investment casting cobalt-chromium alloys (see the section “Orthopaedic Applications—Cast CoCrMo (ASTM F75)” in this article) for joint reconstruction followed with cobalt-chromium hip caps (cup-shaped components for placement over degraded femoral heads as interpositional implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ( Ref 10 ), studies on zirconia ceramics for orthopaedic devices, such as an articulate ball of a hip joint prosthesis and a femoral component of a knee joint prosthesis (e.g., Bioceram, Kyocera), have emerged ( Ref 11 ). Their excellent toughness is associated with volume expansion when the high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Metal alloys have been used in orthopaedic applications in greatest amounts related to fracture fixation devices and total joint arthroplasties. Alloys of cobalt, titanium, and iron also have been used in cardiovascular applications such as heart valves, stents, and pacemakers. In spinal applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...-Precipitation of Protein with Calcium Phosphate Coatings on Titanium Alloy , Biomaterials , Vol 25 ( No. 23 ), Oct 2004 , p 335 – 341 8. Jacobs J.J. , Gilbert J.L. , and Urban R.M. , Corrosion of Metal Orthopaedic Implants , J. Bone Joint Surg. Am. , Vol 80 ( No. 2 ), Feb...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...., Handbook of Materials for Medical Devices , ASM International , 2003 2. Blanchard C.R. , Medlin D.J. , and Shetty R. , Advances in Metals , Joint Replacements and Bone Resorption: Pathology and Clinical Practice , Marcel Dekker , 2003 3. Mears D.C. , Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... for Interest in Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Load-Bearing Implants Biological Factors Difference between the Environment in the Oral Cavity and the Internal <italic>In Vivo</italic> Milieu Orthopaedics Dentistry Cardiovascular Surgery Stress Raisers Notch Sensitivity...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and degradation. Finally, the article discusses the fatigue properties of implant materials and the fractures of total hip joint prostheses. degradation fatigue properties fractures implant deficiencies internal fixation devices orthopedic implants prosthetic implants total hip joint prostheses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... crystallinity. Common medical thermoplastics are listed in Table 1 , Table 2 , and Table 3 . Common medical polymers Table 1 Common medical polymers Polymer Classification Acronym Application(s) Polyethylene Thermoplastic PE Containers, joint prosthesis bearing material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... The article discusses various in vivo environmental conditions in tribological tests. Some typical examples of biomaterials testing are also provided. biomaterials electrical contact resistance friction coefficient linear reciprocating motion orthopaedic coatings pin-on-disk method tribocorrosion...