1-20 of 395 Search Results for

organic-acid-induced corrosion

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... terminal Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the various types of corrosion-related failure mechanisms and their effects on passive electrical components. The types include halide-induced corrosion, organic-acid-induced corrosion, electrochemical metal migration, silver tarnish, fretting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... settings. The corrosive media include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, salts, seawater, and alkalis. The modes of high-temperature corrosion include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, sulfidation, nitridation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... (C 18 average) Fatty acids Naphthenic acids Phosphate esters of ethoxylated alcohol Other organic acids 1. Acetic 2. Hydroxyacetic 3. Benzoic Sources of fatty acids used in corrosion inhibitors Table 3 Sources of fatty acids used in corrosion inhibitors Data...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Organisms such as Clostridia, Thiobacillus , and Nitrobacter are cited as potential acid producers. Source: Ref 37 Corrosion-Resistant Alloys of Steel Microbially induced corrosion on stainless steel leads mostly to pitting or crevice corrosion failures. Statistical analysis of corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... changing the chemical concentrations and pH at and near the solid-liquid interface where the corrosion takes place. Some species of microbes can produce organic acids, such as formic and succinic, or mineral acids, such as H 2 SO 4 . These chemicals are corrosive to many metals. One series of bacteria...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... that was acid resistant in dilute-to-strong concentrations and that offered higher temperature resistance than chemical-resistant organic materials. The development of these silicate-base acidproof cements resulted in many advantageous characteristics, such as a 100% K 2 SiO 3 -bonded system that had resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are both readily corroded by aerated acids, and conditions of low pH, aeration, and high-chloride concentrations are often found to exist in the active heads of filiform-corrosion cells. Organic coatings are applied to steel and tin- plated steel to shield it from moist or humid environments to prevent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., or oxygen scavenger; or shutdown periods. Similar serial dilution tests, using a different type of growth medium, are used to enumerate total bacteria; the vials that show growth turn cloudy rather than black, often accompanied by a color change of an indicator dye to indicate organic acid production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Intergranular Attack Erosion-Corrosion Microbiologically Induced Corrosion (MIC) Stress-Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Sulfuric Acid Nitric Acid Hydrochloric Acid Phosphoric Acid Organic Acids and Compounds Alkali Solutions Atmospheric Corrosion Corrosion in Soils Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Microbiologically Induced Corrosion (MIC) Stress-Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Sulfuric Acid Nitric Acid Hydrochloric Acid Phosphoric Acid Organic Acids and Compounds Alkali Solutions Atmospheric Corrosion Corrosion in Soils Corrosion in Water Corrosion in Saline Solutions Other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosion (MIC) can cause damage to equipment in contact with natural waters. Results of long-term tests in natural waters indicate that zirconium is immune to MIC. Most organisms are sulfate-reducing bacteria. Metabolic processes may produce corrosives, such as sulfuric acid, inorganic or organic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and that the most likely mechanism was microbial acid production. Microbially induced corrosion of carbon steel is independent of pH over pH values 4.5 to 9.5. In this range, the corrosion products maintain a pH of 9.5 next to the steel surface, regardless of the pH of the solution. At a pH of 4 or below, hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... acid. However, in the presence of sour water environments, this nickel-copper-containing alloy can show accelerated corrosion under conditions of elevated temperature and high flow-induced turbulence. Alternative stainless or nickel-base alloys may be preferred for some applications. High-nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with the abundance of sulfate-reducing bacteria in soils along a buried pipeline Factor Range Correlation coefficient Number of acid-producing bacteria (a) , cells/g soil 10 3 –10 8 +0.829 Total organic carbon in groundwater, % 0.05–1.2 +0.645 Soil resistivity, Ω · cm 500–30,000 −0.642...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... and physical stimuli of approximately 30 species of bacteria ( Ref 4 ). The concentration of dissolved oxygen in saliva is almost 20% of the concentration in air, which promotes and accelerates the corrosion process. Conversely, synovial fluids and joint lubricants contain lipids, hyaluronic acid, and proteins...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... sensitivity of selected organic and inorganic pigment families Pigment type Examples Sensitivity Alkali Acid Inorganic Titanium dioxide … Excellent Excellent Zinc oxide … Moderate to good Poor Antimony oxide … Poor Poor Red iron oxide Synthetic red oxide; Spanish...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.9781627081825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... on copper tube surfaces, as seen in this figure. The process occurs with the simultaneous presence of air, moisture, and an organic acid of the carboxylic group, for example, acetic and formic acids. Formicary corrosion is considered to be a modified localized corrosion pitting process involving...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... • Tator K.B. , Organic Coatings and Linings , Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Vol 13A , ASM Handbook , ASM International , Materials Park, OH , 2003 , p 826 Solar Energy Heat Energy Acid Attack Alkaline Attack Variability within a Properly Applied Coating...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... chemical substances such as acids, bases, salts, and gases. Nonaqueous corrodents include dry gases, organic liquids, and liquid metals. Bacterial action is another factor that influences underground corrosion. Of the various bacteria in soils, the anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacteria...