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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article describes the classification of organic solvents, namely, aprotic and protic solvents and one-component and multi-component systems. It discusses the corrosion behavior in aprotic and protic solvents. The article contains a table that presents the relationship among...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 14 Zinc corrosion in various organic solvents containing 0.05 mol/L HCl compared to water. Source: Ref 48 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article discusses coating products available for use in the aerospace industry that are compliant with regulations requiring reductions in emissions from organic solvents. The coating products addressed include primers, topcoats, and chemical milling maskants. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Emulsion cleaning is an industrial cleaning process that uses an organic solvent as the main active agent. This article provides information on the applications, concerns and limitations, and process parameters of emulsion cleaning. It describes the processing variables and equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract Hydrochloric acid (HCl) may contain traces of impurities that will change the aggressiveness of the solution. This article discusses the effects of impurities such as fluorides, ferric salts, cupric salts, chlorine, and organic solvents, in HCl. It describes the corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... stripping, organic-solvent cleaning, water-base detergent cleaning, cathodic cleaning, and chemical-etch cleaning. cleaning cracks fractography nondestructive inspection specimen preparation specimen preservation specimen sectioning steel fracture FRACTURE SURFACES are fragile and subject...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... this conversation, it is apparent that determining the physical parameters of the carbon nanotubes used is important, which can be done by dissolving the uncured prepolymer in an organic solvent, followed by treatment with ultracentrifugation to concentrate it. The solid mass can then be dispersed and characterized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article describes the eight chemical cleaning methods, namely, circulation, fill and soak, cascade, foam, vapor-phase organic, steam-injected, on-line chemical, and mechanical cleaning. It presents information on deposit types, solvents used to remove them, and construction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...). Normal-phase chromatography goes all the way back to the original packed column, which used a polar stationary phase (calcium carbonate) with a nonpolar mobile phase (aliphatic hydrocarbons). Typically, for normal-phase chromatography on silica, the mobile phase is 100% organic solvent; no water is used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... be incorporated into the formulation; and volatile components such as solvents, or water in emulsions and their composition. It provides general information on volatile organic compounds. The article describes the film-forming mechanisms of various coating types, namely, lacquers, chemically converting coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... used, namely, inorganic and organic zinc-rich coatings. Common inorganic binders such as post-cured water-based alkali metal silicates, self-cured water-based alkali metal silicates, and self-cured solvent-based alkyl silicates, are reviewed. The article also compares inorganic and organic zinc-rich...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 9 Sequence of operations for spray zinc phosphating of automotive bodies Stage Type Composition Temperature Time,s °C °F 1 Organic solvent Mineral spirits 30 86 60 2 Alkaline cleaner Titanated, alkali 6.0 g/L (5.0 × 10 −2 lb/gal) 60–65 140–150 70 3 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... with the early alkyd paints. The primary environmental concern was with the organic solvents used in formulating the product. Numerous solvents are used in alkyd coatings, including mineral spirits, toluene, xylene, and m distillates. The evaporation of these solvents, in both the alkyd resin production and end...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... resins. The original fluoropolymer resins were known for their superior properties, such as weatherability and chemical resistance, but they possessed limited application capabilities due to their high melting point, high melt viscosity, and insolubility in organic solvents. Several different types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...% beginning Jan 1993, 100% by Jan 1996. (Air Force will ban purchases after April 1994) Alternate Materials Innovative methods will be required to develop wipe solvent materials that will meet EPA requirements for the emission of volatile organic compounds, the reduction or elimination of hazardous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... or dispersion coatings, waterborne coatings, or powder coatings. However, most PVDF resins are used as dispersion coatings in organic solvents. The primary components of PVDF-based coatings are: Polyvinylidene fluoride resin Acrylic modifier Pigments Organic solvents Other additives...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Determination of Benzo(a)pyrene Determination of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a potent carcinogen, in environmental water samples provides an example of direct fluorimetric determination. The BaP is first extracted from the sample into an appropriate organic solvent. If necessary, the fluorescent polynuclear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... exposures, for example, in poorly ventilated confined areas, exposure to organic solvent vapors can rapidly result in narcosis and even death. Therefore, controls must be implemented to protect the health of workers applying or removing coatings. Employers can also be subject to citations, fines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... by the Society for Protective Coatings are also discussed. These include postcured water-based alkali metal silicates, self-cured water-based alkali metal silicates, and self-cured solvent-based alkyl silicates. The article concludes with information on comparisons of inorganic with organic zinc-rich coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... according to the curing or hardening mechanism inherent within that generic type. Although the resin or organic binder of the coating material is most influential in determining the resistances and properties of the paint, it is also true that the type and amount of pigments, solvents, and additives...