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order-to-delivery cycle

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., which defines the system and its boundaries, the assumptions, and the data requirements needed to satisfy the study purpose. For reasons of economy and brevity, the depth and breadth of the study are adjusted as required in order to address issues regarding the study purpose. Also during this stage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... multiple commercial sources Amorphous polymers are generally transparent while semicrystalline polymers are usually translucent or opaque. Crystals tend to scatter light, particularly if their size or the distance between crystals is on the order of the wavelength of visible light. Thus, amorphous...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... die casting system for casting aluminum. Source: Adapted from schematic courtesy of NADCA High-vacuum die casting refers to a high-pressure die casting process that uses extremely low-pressure vacuums, 10 kPa (100 mbar) or less, in order to assure the production of heat treatable and weldable...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of time between contract agreement and delivery of the first article, either prototype or initial production. Lead time is reduced with metalcasting compared to other manufacturing methods by eliminating and/or shortening the time required for tool production, parts ordering and delivery, assembly...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... positive pressure in reverberatory melting furnaces. Ensure that thermocouples are in good working order and properly calibrated to correctly monitor/control desired temperatures. Fluxing is a word applied in a broad sense to a number of methods of treating a melt. It is important to understand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...-eluting beads (microspheres) loaded with doxorubicin have been developed and are in use in clinical trials ( Ref 37 , Ref 38 , Ref 39 ). In the case of central nervous system (CNS) disorders, it is often necessary to overcome the blood-brain barrier in order to optimally deliver appropriate drugs to...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... cause local increases in section size. In particular, bosses that must be machined require consideration of the entire product-manufacturing cycle. The machinist will find it easier to drill into a solid boss; cored bosses may require floating drill heads in order to align the drill with the cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Martensite (twinning): Martensite deforms by moving twin boundaries rather than through slip. Sometimes referred to as detwinning, the stress required to move twin boundaries is very low, on the order of 100 MPa (15 ksi). Of course, there is a limit to how much strain can be accommodated by this variant...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Near-net-shape processing is one example of the more general case of eliminating process steps in order to reduce cost. Cost estimation deals with a specific process sequence and assumes that the desired product attributes are achievable. Fig. 6 Concurrent engineering matrix for aluminum alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... winding because large numbers of filaments can make handling easier. The fiber density is included so that the rule of mixtures equations involving fiber volume and resin volume can be used to evaluate void volume and theoretical mechanical values. Table 1 Glass fibers for filament winding (in order...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... cycle. It has been and still is necessary to be able to detect the level of the melt in front of the discharge edge at the rising tube. This was previously achieved by an electrode that generated an electric signal on contact with the surface of the melt ( Fig. 18 ). In order to avoid deposits of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... The lower limit of reinforcement content is generally defined by strength and stiffness requirements. Reinforcement content should be maintained at or above a minimum level that will fill the entire cross section of the part in order to avoid resin-rich surfaces or corners that may crack because of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... required extensive welding to make them usable. Rejections were caused mainly by internal and external shrinkage defects. Elapsed time between receipt of the order and delivery of acceptable castings was six months. Fig. 7 Although apparently of simple shape, this lifting eye, a stainless steel sand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... polymers with excellent adhesion to a wide variety of substrates. Cure times of 2 to 60 s are typical, and the cure depth is normally 12.7 mm (0.5 in.) for curing radiation centered at 350 nm. The critical processing key is that light must reach the full bond line in order to cure the adhesive; any...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... information on the types of organic and inorganic no-bake systems is also provided in the article “Aggregates and Binders for Expendable Molds” in this Volume. Refractory coatings or washes are often necessary or desirable for chemically bonded cores and molds in order to improve surface finish and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... wheels In order to effectively grind a large range of materials, a variety of bonding systems are available to hold the abrasives in the wheel. The most common bonding materials are resin (phenolic), ceramic (glass), and metal (bronze). Other bond types, such as shellac, oxychloride, rubber, and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... oxidation, causing the surface of the bath to thicken with wet dross. The aluminum content of wet drosses is typically reported to be on the order of 60 to 85%, while the remaining 40 to 15% is aluminum. The amount of trapped liquid metal in the dross varies according to the melting and/or handling molten...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Sometimes there is no available way to verify the correct explanation, and other times it is impractical to apply the necessary resources for such a test. Occam’s razor applies order by selecting the simplest explanation for what is being observed. As for the Material Does Not Lie rule, it is tempting...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-velocity injection. The short fill time (of the order of milliseconds) allows the liquid metal to move a great distance despite a high rate of heat loss. The elements of a typical metal gating system are illustrated in Fig. 4 . Fig. 4 Schematics showing gating systems for (a) cold chamber and (b...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... be focused to small spots. In order to cut, a laser must be integrated with the means to deliver the beam and handle the workpiece and an enclosure to ensure safety for personnel. This assembly constitutes a laser-cutting system or laser workstation. There are significant variables in the YAG...