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optoelectronic devices

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... temperatures. This article discusses the uses of gallium in optoelectronic devices and integrated circuits and applications of gallium. The article discusses the properties and grades of gallium arsenide and also provides information on resources of gallium. The article talks about the recovery techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... photoluminescence can be used to measure the internal quantum efficiency and minority carrier lifetime of an optoelectronic device and can be performed using confocal optical microscopy at high lateral resolution to permit 2D mapping. This lifetime is typically shorter near 1D or 2D crystalline defects. Light-beam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., is of paramount importance to proper functioning of devices, circuits, and equipment. The malfunctions can be immediate, for example, caused by the drift of device characteristics outside of design limits, or they can be the result of failures caused by time or cycle-dependent disruptions of the structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... reliable monitoring and control of motion and position of various mechanical components with the help of mechanical limit switches, proximity sensors, and distance- and position-measuring devices. Using inputs from both flow meters and sensors, such as thermocouples and oxygen sensors, flow measurement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... The capability of in situ characterization during crystal growth, heat treatment, stress application, device operation, and so on allows for the study of the generation, interaction, and propagation of defects, making it a versatile technique to study many materials processes. The first topographic image...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... extremely important in the fabrication of abrupt heterostructure interfaces and extremely thin layers for optoelectronics, quantum devices, and nanostructures ( Ref 14 ). The ultraprecision manufacturing technologies, such as chemical mechanical polishing, have been designed to achieve atomic material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... devices, as well as optoelectronic devices, such as lasers, light-emitting diodes, and high-efficiency photovoltaic cells. The ability to grow thin, multilayered structures with very fine dimensional and compositional control has made possible quantum-well devices and strained-layer superlattices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... packaging, composites are well suited for other packaging applications, such as optoelectronic components and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Both are important growth areas. Application Requirements Electronic packaging provides a number of primary functions: it provides power, transfers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... velocity of the rotating disks. In practical examples of this device, a high rotational speed is needed to achieve reasonable displacement of the scars and thus accuracy of measurement of the angle, θ. Values between 3000 and 10,000 revolutions per minute (rpm) are common, with a distance, L , of about 20...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... beams, which is becoming more important as miniaturization of components continues in the areas of microelectronics, implantable medical devices, sensors, optoelectronics, and micromechanical systems. Although many of the principles are the same between macro- and microjoining, when weld dimensions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... Magnification, Resolution, and Image Contrast Magnification The field ion microscope is a simple device that has no internal lenses. The ion trajectories are initially normal to the sample surface, then curve in the direction of the microscope screen. The magnification, M , is: (Eq 5) M = R β...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...-resistant applications, lighting, information display, electronic processing and electronic devices, optical and ophthalmic products, and communications equipment. architectural glass biomedical glass dental glass glass fibers lamp glass optical glass specialty glasses traditional glasses...
Book Chapter

By S.L. Rohde
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... spectrometer nor differential pumping of the sensor is required, so it is less expensive. This and several similar systems are now commercially available. Another commercially available device for partial-pressure control is the optical gas controller (OGC), which uses the optical emission generated within...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... in the center to enable the incoming electron beam arrival to the sample surface. Many pole-piece-positioned detectors are mounted on a retractable device so they can be inserted or removed by the operator without venting the SEM chamber and manually positioning the detector. A newer development for SEM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... is not a simple matter. The process of making glass from its raw materials usually involves two mixers in series. The first of these is in the “batch house,” where the materials are blended at ambient temperature in some sort of a rotary mechanical device. The second mixer is the furnace itself, where...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... ( Ref 12 ). On the other hand, the existing preparation methods often require presintering green bodies and high-temperature devices, which have a complex process, long preparation cycle, and high energy consumption. These problems have greatly limited the preparation and verification of practical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2