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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on coatings and overlays adopted for use as wear- and corrosion-resistant materials in oil sand processing. It describes the most common application processes for oil sand coatings and overlays, including welding, high-velocity oxyfuel thermal spray, laser...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... agent, such as heat. The process is well suited to the fabrication of larger cores. In the core-oil (oven-bake) process, sand is mixed with corn r and/or clay and water along with the binder to give sufficient strength to the mass of sand so that it can be immediately removed from the core box onto...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract The primary fossil fuels are generally defined as coal, oil, natural gas, tar sands, and shale oil. This article discusses the characteristics and the types of fuels used in fossil and fuel industries. It describes the energy conversion in fuels and outlines the efficiency...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... as alkyd urethane or oil sand) and the phenolic (novolac) of the shell process (see the article “Shell Molding and Shell Coremaking” in this Volume). Rammed graphite for casting highly reactive metals such as titanium or zirconium Of these, the three most important sand molding methods are shell...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) placed in the bottom, to be preheated to dull red heat. The metal charge to be loaded must be clean, dry, and free from oil, oxide, sand, and corrosion. There should be no foreign metals present. Contamination by even tiny pieces of sand or debris from other alloys must be prevented by close control...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... Fisher G. , Wolfe T. , Yarmuch M. , Gerlich A. , and Mendez P. , The Use of Protective Weld Overlays in Oil Sands Mining , Can. Weld. Assoc. J. , Summer 2011 , p 28 – 39 15. Serate D. , Lui J. , Wang N. , Cauette-Fritsch H. , Robinson R...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ). This is a common surface failure mode for components, such as pumps, pipelines, valves, and flotation cells, in facilities for slurry handling. Figure 2(a) illustrates erosion-corrosion attack on the internal wall of a carbon steel oil-sands tailings pipe. The internal wall suffers from synergistic attack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... water rises to the base of the tank, filling any crevice between the sand and the tank bottom. This is especially troublesome if oiled sand is used beneath storage tanks, because oiled sand impedes effective use of cathodic protection. Ergonomics, the study of human factors or man-machine interface...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-bonded sands. Several wet reclamation systems also are in operation. 1951—Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, Mich., converts 100% of its crankshaft production to ductile iron. 1952—D-process is developed for making shell molds with fine sand and fast-dry oil by Harry Dietert. Sodium-silicate/CO 2 system...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., the wearing faces of the casting be cast against a chill to improve abrasion resistance and toughness. Sand molds may be made either of green sand or of dry sand, oil sand, or steel casting sand. Air-setting and thermal-setting resin sands are also commonly used. Molds must be rigid to minimize shrinkage...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... configurations must be considered when selecting optimum pouring temperatures. Molds must be rigid to minimize shrinkage defects. Molds may be made of green sand, dry sand, oil sand, or steel casting sand. Air-setting and thermal-setting resin sands are also commonly used. Because white irons are subject...
Book Chapter

By Dongyang Li
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... be superior. Through composition and microstructure control, different microconstituents can be combined in a proper way to result in high wear resistance. For example, transformation-induced plasticity steel consisting of ferrite, bainite, and retained austenite is often used for pipes and plates in oil sand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...” “Protective Overlays and Coatings Used in Oil Sands” “Renewable Energy Applications” “Nuclear Industry Applications for Thermal Spray” “Thermal Spray Applications in the Steel Industry” “Thermal Spray Applications in the Paper Production Industry” “Printing Industry Applications” “Additional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
..., because of the finer carbides. Whenever practical, the wearing faces of the casting should be cast against a chill to improve abrasion resistance and toughness. Sand molds may be made either of green sand or of dry sand, oil sand, or steel casting sand. Air-setting and thermal-setting resin sands are also...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Organic Esters Furan Nobake Sands and Mixing Working Time and Strip Time Phenolic Nobake Alkyd Oil Urethane Binders Curing Sand Other System Variables Phenolic Urethanes Sand and Mixing Gas-Cured Organic Binders Alkyd Oil Phenolic Urethane-Amine System Acrylic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.9781627081795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006494
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Sand 55 B 213 F Permanent mold 85 … 222 T52 Permanent mold 100 … T551 Permanent mold 115 … T65 Permanent mold 140 … 238 F Permanent mold 100 B A240 F Sand 90 A 242 F Sand … … T21 Sand 70 B T571 Sand 85 B T571 Permanent mold 105 B T61...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Metal surfaces must often be cleaned before subsequent operations to remove unwanted substances such as pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips and cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale, and miscellaneous contaminants. The article...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Alloy designation Temper Casting type Hardness, HB (500 kg load, 10 mm ball) Machinability rating (a) 208 F Sand 55 B 213 F Permanent mold 85 … 222 T52 Permanent mold 100 … T551 Permanent mold 115 … T65 Permanent mold 140 … 238 F Permanent mold 100 B...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Examples of cored holes and cavities easily produced in investment castings Fig. 26 Oil slot was easily cored when part was produced as an investment casting, but had to be milled in when part was sand cast. Total saving of 41¢ per casting was realized by changing from sand to investment casting...