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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v4F.a0007002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
... Abstract In this article, an in-depth overview of petroleum quenching oils is provided, including oil composition, use, mechanism of the oil quenching processes, oil degradation, toxicology and safety, and quenching bath maintenance. oil composition oil degradation oil quenchants oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v4F.a0007004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
... modification of soybean seed oils, or by chemically modifying and stabilizing the vegetable oil structure. animal oils biodegradability chemical structure fatty acid composition oil quenchants oxidation petroleum oil formulations toxicity vegetable oils THE CHALLENGE to replace petroleum...
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 79 Cooling time-temperature curves of a hot oil quenchant at 200 °C (390 °F) after increasing use superimposed on a time-temperature transformation curve for a bearing steel More
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Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 5 Effect of agitation on the cooling curve of an oil quenchant More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 10 Cooling time-temperature curves of a hot oil quenchant at 200 ° C (390 ° F) after increasing use superimposed on a time-temperature-transformation curve for a bearing steel. M s , martensite start temperature. Adapted from Ref 13 More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 18 Cooling curve data of epoxidized bioquenchants at 60 °C (140 °F) bath temperature with no agitation. SO, soybean oil; ESBO, epoxidized soybean oil; FAME, fatty acid methyl ester; EF, ESBO/FAME blend; HG, conventional petroleum oil quenchant; HKB, fast petroleum oil quenchant More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 19 Cooling-rate curves of epoxidized bioquenchants at 60 °C (140 °F) bath temperature with no agitation. SO, soybean oil; ESBO, epoxidized soybean oil; FAME, fatty acid methyl ester; EF, ESBO/FAME blend; HG, conventional petroleum oil quenchant; HKB, fast petroleum oil quenchant More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 7 Comparison of cross-sectional hardness of a carbon steel quench simulated for the 15 mm (0.6 in.) near-surface thermocouple (TC) position of the Tensi probe ( Fig. 4 ) into unagitated canola oil, palm oil, a fast petroleum oil quenchant (HKM), and a conventional petroleum oil quenchant More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 86 Cooling rate comparison for an unagitated, accelerated petroleum oil quenchant at 50 °C (120 °F) with the same oil subjected to an intermediate level of agitation at a 2.59 J · s −1 · kg −1 torque level More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 21 Cooling rate comparison for an unagitated, accelerated petroleum oil quenchant at 50 ° C (120 ° F) with the same oil subjected to an intermediate level of agitation at a 2.59 J · s − 1 · kg − 1 torque level More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 70 Cooling rate variability that may be exhibited by various petroleum oil quenchants. Courtesy of S.O. Segerberg More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 8 Cooling-rate variability that may be exhibited by various petroleum oil quenchants. Courtesy of S.O. Segerberg More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 78 Schematic summary of general free-radical degradation mechanisms of thermal-oxidative degradation of petroleum oil quenchants. Source: Ref 197 More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 9 Schematic summary of general free-radical degradation mechanisms of thermal-oxidative degradation of petroleum oil quenchants. Source: Ref 21 More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 87 Contour plots of cooling curve results obtained from statistical analysis of a conventional (slow) petroleum oil quenchant. Source: Ref 78 More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 88 Contour plots of cooling curve results obtained from statistical analysis of an accelerated (fast) petroleum oil quenchant. Source: Ref 78 More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 22 Contour plots of cooling curve results obtained from statistical analysis of a conventional (slow) petroleum oil quenchant. Source: Ref 51 More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 23 Contour plots of cooling curve results obtained from statistical analysis of an accelerated (fast) petroleum oil quenchant. Source: Ref 51 More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 96 Correlation of calculated values of hardening power (HP) with the hardness of an unalloyed steel test piece for a range of commercially available petroleum oil quenchants. (This ranking only applies to unalloyed steel.) More
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Published: 01 February 2024
Fig. 5 Three-dimensional plots of heat-transfer coefficients for each of the three near-surface thermocouple positions of the Tensi probe ( Fig. 4 ) quenched into Houghto-Quench H100 conventional petroleum oil quenchant at 60 °C (140 °F) with no agitation. Obtained by the particle swarm More