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oil passages

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... The three major systems used for coremaking are: Cold box processes (vapor cured, no-bake) Phenolic urethane/amine Furan/SO 2 (Acrylic/epoxy)/SO 2 (free radical cure process) Sodium silicate/CO 2 Phenolic ester Heat-cured processes Shell process Core oil (oven bake...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... flask is filled with sand, so that as the mold is rammed-up the core becomes an integral part of the mold.) A ring core was required also, to form the circular oil passage. Since the pocket was merely a lightener and the function of the oil passage was noncritical, no precise dimensions or tolerances...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... resins. It also provides a section on drying oil, which is used in the manufacture of resins. The article describes the three categories of metals that have been used in drier compounds: primary driers (active or oxidation driers), secondary driers (through-driers), and auxiliary driers. It also provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract This article describes various quenchants, namely, water and inorganic salt solutions, polymers (polyvinyl alcohol, polyalkylene glycol, polyethyl oxazoline, polyvinyl pyrrolidone and sodium polyacrylates), quench oils, and molten salts, which are used for heat treatment of ferrous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., water main pipe, oil country tubular goods, water well pipe, and pressure pipe. Pipes in suitable sizes, and most of the products classified as tubing, both seamless and welded, may be cold finished. Pressure tubes are given a separate classification by both the American Society for Testing and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cutting edges. One solution is the use of oil-groove, oil-hole, or oil-tube drills, which utilize drill-flute space for cutting fluid passages. The fluid, under 345 to 690 kPa (50 to 100 psi) pressure, is transferred to the drill by a rotating gland and is forced directly into the cutting zone. The fluid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... It also describes classifications and types, comparing and contrasting sealants made from oil-based caulks, asphalts, coal tar resins, latex acrylic sealants, polyvinyl acetate caulks, solvent acrylics, butyl sealants, polysulfides, polyurethanes, modified silicones, anaerobics, vinyl plastisols, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes the basic attributes of the most widely used metal surface cleaning processes to remove pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips, cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale from steel parts, and residues and lapping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., classification, selection, and maintenance are reviewed in detail. The article addresses the various reasons for quench oil variability and complications due to aging and contamination. brine cooling flow velocity heat-transfer coefficient oil quenchants polyacrylates polyalkylene glycol polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... composed of petroleum oil, extreme-pressure lubricants, emulsifiers, soaps, wetting agents, coupling agents, corrosion inhibitors, biocides, antifoams, and water. Depending on composition, fluids are generally categorized as: Synthetic or chemical fluids contain no petroleum oil and generally have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... provided to protect workers from fumes. Protection against fires should be provided when using oil quenchants. Clean-out plates below the quenchant level in the tank should be avoided, because gaskets are prone to leakage and are difficult to maintain. Special construction materials are required...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... embrittled by hydrogen during cleaning. Pictures of workpieces before and after oil quenching heat treatment are shown in Fig. 2 , which shows the visible discoloration of workpieces due to oil residue on the surface. Fig. 1 Nitriding response of two steels contaminated by cutting oil and nitrided for...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... heads for internal combustion engines are fairly good candidates for this process, where internal oil, water, and gas passages can be integrally cast as one piece. Typically, these complex internal passages are made possible by gluing together numerous pattern sections and then attaching the final...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (again, this would not be recommended for some alkaline cleaners, which can foam). For alkaline cleaners that reject oils (as opposed to emulsification-type cleaners), some type of oil removal device will be necessary. There are several options available to accomplish this. Skimming devices such as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... placed directly on the hearth but sometimes may be placed on a tray. Externally heated salt bath furnaces may be fired by gas or oil, or heated by means of electrical-resistance elements. A typical gas- or oil-fired furnace that is commonly used in liquid carburizing applications is shown in Fig. 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... as it is formed and render it harmless to the metal. In some instances, however, zinc-phosphate processes, intended for use with rust-inhibiting oils for corrosion resistance or manganese-phosphate treatments, can cause hydrogen embrittlement because they may contain a minimum amount of depolarizers...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Generally, dies are designed with excess cooling capacity, and then a temperature control system is used to modulate the flow of coolant in the die. Heating and cooling of the die can be accomplished using oil as a heat-transfer medium. Water cooling can also be used, but in this case, cartridge heaters or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... penetrate chalky surfaces. Exterior weather and chemical resistance not as good as solvent- or oil-based coatings. Not suitable for immersion service Ease of application and cleanup. No toxic solvents. Good concrete and masonry sealers because breathing film allows passage of water vapor. Used as interior...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... boundaries between which the lubricant must operate. These surfaces are complex. The chemistry of the surface is not the same as the bulk chemistry of the sheet or tools. The lubricant interacts with an oxide layer of varying complexity; various contaminants may infiltrate the oxide layer (such as oils...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-carbon steel Water-soluble, vegetable-oil-base drawing oil Stainless steel and other high-alloy iron-base alloys Mineral-oil-base drawing oil Aluminum alloys and copper alloys Mineral oil Brass (severe bends) Soap solution Hot bending of carbon, alloy, and stainless steels Molybdenum...