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offset upsetting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and selection of the machine size. It describes several types of upsetter heading tools and their materials. The article reviews the cold shearing and hot shearing methods for preparing blanks for hot upset forging. It deals with various upsetting processes: offset upsetting, double-end upsetting, upsetting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...% offset yield strength Elongation in 25 mm (1 in.), % Reduction of area, % Core hardness, HV30 MPa ksi MPa ksi Blank carburized Upset (a) 0.19 450 1205 175 … … 10.0 37.4 390 Re-press (a) 0.23 720 1110 161 … … 6.3 17.0 380 Upset (b) 0.25 130 1585 230...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Comparison of transverse and longitudinal mechanical properties of wrought steels Table 4 Comparison of transverse and longitudinal mechanical properties of wrought steels Material Specimen orientation Ultimate tensile strength Yield strength, 0.2% offset Impact energy Fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...% offset yield strength Elongation in 25 mm (1 in.), % Reduction of area, % Core hardness, HV (a) MPa ksi MPa ksi Blank carburized Upset (b) 0.19 450 1205 175 … … 10.0 37.4 390 Re-press (b) 0.23 720 1110 161 … … 6.3 17.0 380 Upset (c) 0.25 130 1585 230...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...% Oxygen, ppm Ultimate tensile strength 0.2% offset yield strength Elongation, in 2.5 mm (1 in.), % Reduction of area, % Core hardness (a) , HV MPa ksi MPa ksi Blank carburized Upset (b) 0.19 450 1205 175 … … 10.0 37.4 390 Repress (b) 0.23 720 1110 161 … … 6.3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... alloys cross-wire welding flash welding high-frequency resistance welding projection welding resistance seam welding resistance spot welding resistance welding seam welding machines stainless steels upset welding welding electrodes RESISTANCE WELDING (RW) encompasses a group of processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... handle brackets, heat exchangers, baffles Cross-wire welding Shelves, racks, cages, automotive grills, electrical connections, fence, screen Upset butt welding Round wire, 13 mm ( 1 2 in.) or less in diameter; solid sections of small cross-sectional area Flash butt welding Round...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... Fig. 5 The surface cleanliness of the copper was the only variable in the 23-weld experimental matrix, yet three different categories of bond quality were produced. All specimens exhibited a symmetric flash with a light-golden color. The amount of upset was approximately the same across all three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... are: To make accurate square and rectangular wire directly from round wire To finish special shapes from round or preformed rough shapes To put edge contours on flat metal ribbon or rectangular wire Fig. 1 Turks Head rolls. (a) Positioned in line to form a rectangular cross section. (b) Offset...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... m) sewer occupying the travel lane, there is little room for remaining utilities. Figure 14 shows the vertical offset crossing of a 24 in. (0.6 m) ductile iron main crossing a 12 in. (0.3 m) main. Utility relocations often require vertical offsets to route under and over existing structures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003978
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Fig. 2 Setup for saddle forging a ring Fig. 5 Handling a forging by means of a porter bar and a sling Fig. 4 Cutting and fullering bars Fig. 3 Setup showing use of a ring tool for forming and retaining a tonghold in the workpiece during upsetting Fig. 7 Effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... A′, proportional limits; point B, yield strength or offset (0 to C) yield strength; 0, intersection of the stress-strain curve with the strain axis Fig. 3 Typical yield-point behavior of low-carbon steel. The slope of the initial linear portion of the stress-strain curve, designated by E...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...: Ref 21 Typical tool materials for cold forming applications Table 7 Typical tool materials for cold forming applications Operation Typical grade Alternate grades Heading punches (cone, finish, upset) W1, W2 at 58–60 HRC A2 or M2 at 59–61 HRC; M4 at 61–63 HRC Indenting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... welding processes. The article also describes failure origins in other welding processes, such as electroslag welds, electrogas welds, flash welds, upset butt welds, flash welds, electron and laser beam weld, and high-frequency induction welds. arc welding brittle fracture electrogas welds...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is defined. For example, introducing an alteration that requires welding of a heat treated steel cavity will upset the steel metallurgy in the weld area and degrade the tool life. Given this information regarding the tool life, the OEM may elect to pursue another method for achieving the alteration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... dimension indicates finish forging (F) or preform (P). Source: Ref 1 Fig. 30 Deformation patterns in cylindrical billets upset between flat, parallel dies. Source: Ref 2 , Ref 62 , Ref 63 Fig. 34 Metal-flow patterns in forgings without and with flow-through defects. Source: Ref 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...Longitudinal properties of carbon steel forgings at four carbon contents Table 7 Longitudinal properties of carbon steel forgings at four carbon contents Carbon content, % Ultimate tensile strength Yield strength, 0.2% offset Elongation, % Reduction of area, % Fatigue strength...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... on computer-aided design in the forging industry. Additionally, the article reviews specific characteristics, process limitations, advantages, and disadvantages of the most common forging processes, namely hot upset forging, roll forging, radial forging, rotary forging, isothermal and hot-die forging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...: Ref 7 Fig. 6 Flywheel slowdown, ram displacement, and forming load in upsetting of copper samples in a 1600 ton mechanical press. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 7 Variation of strokes per minute with the energy available for forming in a 500 ton mechanical press. Source: Ref 4 Fig...