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off-road machinery

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Abstract Induction heat treating is used in the off-road machinery industry for hardening steel and cast iron components used in a wide range of applications. This article focuses on the usage of induction hardening components in the industry, and discusses the basic requirements of steel...
Image
Published: 09 June 2014
Fig. 8 Scan hardening of a large axle for off-road machinery. Source: Ref 1 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... of the components involved in material extrusion as well as the melt extrusion solidification (during cooling) process, the underlying mechanism of road bonding, and the factors affecting good part quality. The discussion also covers support material, postprocessing, and road-quality considerations and the addition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Graphite Iron: A Viable Alternative , Engineered Casting Solutions , American Foundry Society , Spring 2000 2. McKimpson M. , Induction Hardening Off-Road Machinery Components , Induction Heating and Heat Treatment , Volume 4C , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2014 , p 211 – 221...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract This article provides a short time travel of the evolution of cast iron from witchcraft to virtual cast iron, a road paralleled by the gigantic stride from a low-quality, corrupt metal to the high-tech material that it is today. It presents a chronological list of developments and use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
..., wheel rims, suspension components, and other parts. Small-diameter flux cored electrodes are used for automotive body repair. Gas-shielded flux cored wires are used in the fabrication of mining machinery, off-road equipment, earth-moving machinery, pipe and superstructures for offshore drilling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... 28 4 Bushings, washers 2 Tin bronze High lead (16–25% Pb) D D D D E 21 3 Mill-machinery bearings, pump bearings, rail-road-car bearings Medium lead (4–10% Pb) E E E C D 28 4 Wrist pin bushings, pump bushings, electric-motor bushings, track-roller bushings, farm equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... with IR energy aimed at it. (For this example, a 2 μm wavelength thermometer is used.) As it strikes the block of glass, first some of the IR energy reflects off the surface. All materials have some reflection , and this is the R in the RAT theory. Second, the remaining energy goes into the glass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of uniaxial fibers and multidirectional fiber mats or fabrics to create a set of properties that meet the requirements of the application in the transverse (90°), off-axis (plus and minus angles other than 0 and 90°) and longitudinal (0°) directions. More than 75% of all pultruded products are based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... at the anode than at the cathode. The submerged arc welding process generates more heat at the cathode rather than the anode, as evidenced by the higher melt-off rate when the electrode is negative. The same is also true for EXX10 stick-electrode welding. In welding, the arc not only provides the heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Other Stress-Relief Methods Weathering The storing of castings for several months while exposed to the weather has been used for the purpose of stress relieving. Before the availability of casting cleaning machines, it was common to rust the adhering sand and hard scale off of iron castings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... advantages to using splay and bend fiber geometry to pick up off-axis loads ( Ref 4 ). (Off-axis plies in Cartesian coordinates transform to logarithmic spirals for cylindrical coordinates.) Design and manufacture become more complicated, but machinery is now available to “steer” the fiber in these more...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... properties. A screening property is any material property for which an absolute lower (or upper) limit can be established. No trade-off beyond this limit is allowable. It is a go-no go situation. The idea of the screening phase in materials selection is to ask the question: “Should this material be evaluated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... and construction, consumer durables, containers and packaging, electrical, machinery and equipment, and transportation. As Fig. 2 shows, the relative amounts of aluminum used in the six sectors vary considerably depending on the country where it is used; this impacts the type of scrap returned for recycling...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ten-millionths of an inch thick, which blocks further oxidation. And, unlike iron rust, the aluminum oxide film does not flake off to expose a fresh surface to further oxidation. If the protective layer of aluminum is scratched, it will instantly reseal itself. The thin oxide layer itself clings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... to the formation of a residual compressive stress layer near the surface, similar to that created by the induction hardening process. Axle Shafts Types of Axle Shafts Axle shafts are used in automobiles, trucks, off-highway vehicles, and other machinery and equipment, primarily to transmit torque...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... produce only partial thrust (insufficient to enable an aircraft to take off) is an example of a loss of function. The next level of failure involves a system or component that performs its function but is unreliable or unsafe ( Ref 1 ). In this form of failure, the system or component has sustained...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... different levels. The simplest form of a failure is a system or component that operates, but does not perform its intended function ( Ref 13 ). This is considered a loss of function . A jet engine that runs but can only produce partial thrust (insufficient to enable an aircraft to take off) is an example...