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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...Installed containment (Level I) coatings at U.S. nuclear plants Table 1 Installed containment (Level I) coatings at U.S. nuclear plants Nuclear plant Reactor type Coating area m 2 ft 2 Vermont Yankee BWR 8128 87,493 Wolf Creek PWR 31,606 340,208 Salem 2 PWR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... to improve corrosion awareness and prevent corrosion/degradation. It describes a life prediction method with an example of environmental degradation in light-water nuclear reactors. The article concludes with a discussion on the validation of life-prediction algorithms and their applications. aqueous...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Superalloys are nickel, iron-nickel, and cobalt-base alloys generally used for high-temperature applications. Superalloys are used in aircraft, industrial, marine gas turbines, nuclear reactors, spacecraft structures, petrochemical production, orthopedic and dental prostheses...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Stainless steels are iron-base alloys containing minimum of approximately 11% Cr, and owing to its excellent corrosion resistance, are used for wide range of applications. These applications include nuclear reactor vessels, heat exchangers, oil industry tubular, chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract Nuclear power plants benefit from thermal spray coatings for corrosion and erosion minimization and dimensional restoration of worn parts. This article provides a detailed discussion on the advantages of thermal spray coatings, fission reactor component coatings, and coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... intergranular corrosion. It concludes with information on the external bolting corrosion in nuclear power reactors. low-strength austenitic stainless steels corrosion fouling intergranular corrosion intergranular stress corrosion cracking nickel-base alloys high-strength nickel-base alloys nuclear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... general categories: commercial grade and reactor grade. Commercial-grade zirconium designates zirconium that contains hafnium as an impurity. Reactor-grade zirconium designates zirconium from which most of the hafnium has been removed to make it suitable for nuclear reactor applications. Because pure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... These properties, combined with its good mechanical properties, make zirconium very useful in nuclear power applications, especially as cladding for uranium fuel and for other reactor internals. Today, a high proportion of zirconium is used in water-cooled nuclear reactors; the next largest used is in chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... has excellent resistance to many corrosive media, including superheated water, and it is transparent to thermal energy neutrons. These properties prompted the U.S. Navy to use zirconium in water-cooled nuclear reactors as cladding for uranium fuel. In 1958, zirconium became available for industrial...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of impurities at grain boundaries. Hafnium Electron-beam-melted hafnium is of higher ductility than the vacuum-arc-remelted metal ( Ref 3 ). The main application of electron-beam-melted hafnium is as control elements for submarine nuclear reactors. Vanadium Vanadium is refined by electron beam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... It discusses the application of brazed and soldered joints in sophisticated mechanical assemblies, such as aerospace equipment, chemical reactors, electronic packaging, nuclear applications, and heat exchangers. The article also provides a detailed discussion on the joining process characteristics of different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Industry The U.S. nuclear industry generates approximately 20% of the electricity needs primarily from reactors designed and built over 30 years ago. Safety concerns continue to plague the industry. Severe cracks found at one nuclear power reactor (ca 2001) and the boric acid corrosion of carbon steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... degradation. Boiling water reactor topics dealing with localized corrosion of zirconium alloy fuel cladding, plus a detailed analysis of the effects of irradiation on corrosion are addressed in other articles in this Section, “Corrosion in the Nuclear Power Industry.” The corrosion of balance-of-plant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and planned user facilities providing neutron diffraction instruments Name Location Website Notes Australian Centre for Neutron Scattering (ANSTO) Sydney, Australia https://neutron.ansto.gov.au Reactor China Spallation Neutron Source Dongguan, Guangdong, China http://csns.ihep.ac.cn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... compositions for steels of interest for nuclear reactor applications Table 1 Typical compositions for steels of interest for nuclear reactor applications Steel Chemical composition, wt% Cr Ni Mo Mn Si C V Nb W Ti N Austenitic stainless steels 316 stainless steel 18.0 13.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Properties of uranium dioxide and candidate matrix metals in nuclear reactor fuel cermets Table 5 Properties of uranium dioxide and candidate matrix metals in nuclear reactor fuel cermets Material Thermal absorption cross section, barns/atom Density Melting point g/cm 3 lb/in. 3 °C °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... activity of the sample, the area where radioactive isotopes are present, which isotopes can be produced, and the concentration of isotopes in the base material. Neutron or Bulk Activation Neutron activation uses thermal neutrons originating from a nuclear reactor. Neutrons can easily penetrate most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Metals Liquid lithium systems have been designed for two widely different areas: space nuclear power and fusion reactors. These two applications draw on unique properties of this liquid metal and have led to studies with a wide range of containment materials and operating conditions. Space power...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... degradation in core components in nuclear power reactors, which make up approximately 17% of the world's electric power production. Service failures have occurred in boiling water reactor (BWR) core components and, to a somewhat lesser extent, in pressurized water reactor (PWR) core components consisting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... by the neutron-induced radioisotopes are also very penetrating and, for most materials, suffer little attenuation in escaping from the interiors of samples weighing several grams. The NAA method most commonly used involves irradiation of a sample using low-energy neutrons in a nuclear reactor, to produce...