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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture; cleavage fracture; notch-impact fracture; oxide inclusions and blowholes; ductile rupture; impact fracture and tensile-test fracture surfaces; fatigue striations; and crack initiation and propagation of pure irons. cleavage fracture ductile fracture fractograph grain boundaries impact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture, grain boundaries, notch and fatigue precrack, dimpled rupture, and fatigue striations of these alloys. fractograph intergranular fracture nickel alloys Fig. 867 Surface of a fracture in a bend-test specimen of Nickel 201 containing 0.02% C, 0.35% Mn, 0.01% S, 0.35% Si, 0.25% Cu...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... productivity of carbide, cermet, and ceramic cutting tool materials used in machining operations. The useful life of cutting tools may be limited by a variety of wear processes, such as crater wear, flank wear or abrasive wear, builtup edge, depth-of-cut notching, and thermal cracks. The article provides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... describes the forms of embrittlement associated with carbon and low-alloy steels. The article provides information on the effect of composition, manufacturing practices, and microstructure on notch toughness of steels. Finally, it explains the effects of alloy elements, inclusion content, microstructure and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... determine the susceptibility of alloys to SCC and hydrogen embrittlement, several types of testing are available. This article describes the constant extension testing, constant load testing, constant strain-rate testing for smooth specimens and precracked or notched specimens of SCC. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... plane at top that formed during tearing. Irregular features similar to “tire tracks” at bottom left are formed during the fatigue process when randomly oriented microcracks are created on different planes in front of the notch. When the main crack propagates, it continuously switches from one microcrack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... load amplitude and environment were uniform. The dark regions at the upper left corners are the regions of final fast fracture. 1.5× Four fatigue-fracture surfaces that were produced in bending in the laboratory with the use of assorted notches to simulate service conditions; the material is...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ksi MPa ksi J ft · lb Specimens CA-6NM >955 °C (1750 °F), AC, T 827 120 689 100 24 60 269 94.9 70 V-notch CA-15 980 °C (1800 °F), AC, T 793 115 689 100 22 55 225 27.1 20 Keyhole notch CA-40 980 °C (1800 °F), AC, T 1034 150 862 125 10 30 310 2.7 2...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Pearlite or tempered martensite DQ&T (e) … … … … … … … … … By agreement Tempered martensite (a) ISO mean values from three tests. Measured from separately cast V-notched samples at room temperature (RT). SAE J434 are typical values for separately cast Charpy unnotched samples at...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... annealing temperature. All etched in super picral. Fig. 701 and 703 : 250×. Fig. 702 : 100× Figure 704 shows the surface of a high-cycle fracture in a 140 × 25 × 1.3 mm (5 1 2 × 1 × 0.050 in.) notched specimen of AISI type 431 stainless steel oil quenched from 1040 °C (1900 °F) and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... rolled at 1040 °C (1905 °F), annealed at about 1000 °C (1830 °F), and air cooled. Root of specimen notch is at top. Fracture was by cleavage that began at cracked Ti(C,N) particles (as at arrow). See also Fig. 1202 . SEM, 250× Fig. 1202 Higher-magnification view of the slow-bending fracture in...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... partially dissociated hydrogen at 80 °C (175 °F). Similar to the fracture in Fig. 331 and 332 , this fracture shows facets of intergranular rupture intermingled with areas of dimples. The bottom of the notch in the specimen is visible at top in Fig. 333 and Fig. 334 . The horizontal marks in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... When edge- or center-notched plate specimens are fractured in tensile loading, a portion or all of the fracture surface behind the notch can be normal (perpendicular) to the applied load, and there may be little macroscale indication of transverse contraction to indicate plastic flow prior to fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) These ASTM specifications also include alloy steel castings for the general type of applications listed in the Table. (h) Testing temperature of −32 °C (−25 °F). (i) Charpy V-notch impact testing at the specified test temperature with an energy value of 18 J (13 ft · lbf) min for two specimens...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...%. (h) These ASTM specifications also include alloy steel castings for the general type of applications listed in the table. (i) Testing temperature of −32 °C (−25 °F). (j) Charpy V-notch impact testing at the specified test temperature with an energy value of 18 J (13 ft · lbf) min for two...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-point bending limit, MPa (ksi) >150 (>22) >200 (>29) Fully reversed torsion limit, MPa (ksi) >140 (>20) >155 (>22.5) Toughness values Notched Charpy impact, J (ft·lbf) 3–5 (2.2–3.7) 2–4 (1.5–3.0) Unnotched Charpy impact J (ft·lbf) 15–20 (11–14.8) 7–10 (5.2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... extensive numerical modeling and experimental studies, which formed an important part of the development and justification of the GWT method. The first studies addressed the reflectivity of the guided modes from rectangular-shaped notches ( Ref 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 ), while later studies examined the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... this regard, it is similar to the previously discussed notched-upset test used for hot workability. It has been suggested ( Ref 54 ) that this test be used for establishing an index of surface quality for steel wire used in cold heading. The truncated-cone test ( Ref 58 ) was developed in an attempt...