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notch tensile tests

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... susceptible, with failure expected after long exposure to hydrogen; therefore, the material must be protected against exposure. Slow strain-rate tensile test can be used to evaluate many product forms, including plate, rod, wire, sheet, and tubing, as well as welded parts. Smooth, notched, or precracked...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... • May relate to notches at surface or brittle phases internally • Progressive zone: usually transgranular with little apparent distortion • Overload zone: may be either ductile or brittle • Microstructural change typical of overheating • Multiple intergranular cracks • Voids formed on grain boundaries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the configuration: the shoulders on the arms were cold bent, introducing tensile residual stresses on the inside radii of the shoulders and creating a localized area of fatigue susceptibility due to the inherent notch sensitivity of cold-formed 300-series stainless steel. Fig. 7 Fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... geometry/load combinations ( Ref 32 ); and Δ J p is the plastic contribution to Δ J that can be obtained from the following equation for single-edge notch configuration under pure tension ( Ref 33 ): (Eq 33) Δ J p = ka h 1 ( 1 − a b ) n ( Δσ 1.455 η ) n...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture; cleavage fracture; notch-impact fracture; oxide inclusions and blowholes; ductile rupture; impact fracture and tensile-test fracture surfaces; fatigue striations; and crack initiation and propagation of pure irons. cleavage fracture ductile fracture fractograph grain boundaries impact...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... deleterious, are of interest both at service temperature and, because of shutdowns, at ambient temperatures. Ductility is also an important factor that influences notch sensitivity and creep-fatigue interaction. The types of tests most commonly used to evaluate the mechanical properties of steels at...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... specimen, Izod impact sample, drop weight impact test, dynamic-tear specimen, and plane-strain fracture toughness specimens under static loading ( K Ic ) and impact loading ( K Id ). Traditionally, the notch toughness characteristics of low- and intermediate-strength steels have been described in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... concentration is minimized. Table 1 Shear test methods Test ASTM designation Interlaminar tests Short beam shear (three-point) D 2344 Short beam shear (four-point) … Notched shear D 3846 In-plane tests ±45° tensile D 3518 10° off-axis … Double-V-notch (Iosipescu...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... (length-to-width) ratios. The limit for compression without failure by radial or peripheral cracking is considered to be a measure of workability. This type of test has been widely used in the forging industry. Longitudinal notches are sometimes machined into the specimens before compression, because the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Grade Tensile strength Elongation at break, % Notched impact strength MPa ksi J/m ft · lbf/in. Injection molding 20–76 2.9–11 1–46 50–100 1–2 Injection molding and extrusion 29–49 4.2–7.1 2–46 100–400 2–8 Extrusion 2–59 0.3–8.5 2–40 100–700 2–14 Glass fiber filled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... productivity of carbide, cermet, and ceramic cutting tool materials used in machining operations. The useful life of cutting tools may be limited by a variety of wear processes, such as crater wear, flank wear or abrasive wear, builtup edge, depth-of-cut notching, and thermal cracks. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... onset of ductile fracture. The DEFORM software incorporates a subroutine for calculating the likelihood of fracture using the Cockcroft-Latham criteria. The damage value C in Eq 49 was determined from the true stress-true strain curve measured in both compression and with a notched tension test and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... this regard, it is similar to the previously discussed notched-upset test used for hot workability. It has been suggested ( Ref 54 ) that this test be used for establishing an index of surface quality for steel wire used in cold heading. The truncated-cone test ( Ref 58 ) was developed in an attempt...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The interaction of an implant with the human body environment may result in degradation of the implant, called corrosion. This article discusses the corrosion testing of metallic implants and implant materials. The corrosion environments for medical implants are the extracellular human...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... notch applicator) that does not sag is recorded as the index stripe sag. The degree to which the next-lower stripe merges into the one below it can be used to determine a corresponding addendum fraction. Often, the sag resistance of the coating is reported (in micrometers or mils) rather than an antisag...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... hardenability. However, this is not recommended, because the use of coarser-grained steels usually involves a serious sacrifice in notch toughness and may lead to other difficulties. Segregation of carbon, manganese, and other elements always occurs during ingot pouring and solidification. As a result...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... ). Several reviews on the evaluation of such tests are available ( Ref 21 , 22 , 23 ). Environmental stress-cracking tests on bent, notched specimens that record the time lapse before breakage are described by ASTM D 1693. Other readily observable tests have been developed on the bleeding of color...