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nonmetallic slag

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... of nonmetallic slag or refractory particles. The article reviews the considerations of flux formulation during shielded metal arc welding and flux cored arc welding (FCAW). It describes the types of fluxes used for submerged arc welding and FCAW as well as five essential groups of flux ingredients...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., was repeatedly forged and folded (piled) to produce a somewhat heterogeneous but good-quality steel. The nonmetallic (slag) inclusions from the original wrought iron remained in the steel, although in modified form. Beginning in the mid-18th century, the cementation process was supplemented and, to some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of nonmetallic slag or refractory particles. Inclusions may include: In the SAW process, the flux drops from a hopper onto the work such that the welding arc is submerged beneath the granular flux, producing an arc cavity that contains metal vapors, silicon monoxide, manganese oxide, gaseous fluorides...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... include: Underbead cracks Gas porosity Inclusions—slag, oxides, or tungsten metal Incomplete fusion Inadequate penetration Solidification cracks, liquation cracks Failure to meet strength, ductility, or toughness requirements is another cause for rejection of weldments. Details...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...: Nonmetallic inclusions; slag, dross, flux F 232 Deformation with respect to drawing proportional for casting and mold; pattern conforms to drawing Deformed mold, mold creep, springback F 233 Casting deformed with respect to drawing; pattern and mold conform to drawing Casting distortion F...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... ) to act as a sponge for the absorption of nonmetallic inclusions. The introduction of argon into the covered ladle through a porous bottom plug stirs the metal vigorously and creates a slag-metal mix, unlike other argon bubbling methods, which require an intact slag layer to protect the melt from...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the contents of total oxygen and various deoxidizing elements in a steel bath Fig. 6 Schematic cross section of a typical electric-arc furnace showing the application of different refractories Fig. 5 Composition of (a) steel bath and (b) slag in a basic oxygen furnace converter...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... droplets greatly increases the metal/slag interface surface area. The intensive reactions between metal and slag refine the melt. The remaining inclusions are very small and are evenly distributed in the remelted ingot. The absence of macrosegregation or heterogeneity in the distribution of nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of nonmetallic slag or refractory particles. Extraneous inclusions may include: From the standpoint of fitness-for-purpose, porosity is regarded as the least harmful type of discontinuity. Low-carbon steels are generally easy to weld and are quite tough and ductile above the ductile-to-brittle transition...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., various alloy carbides, graphite, martensite, and a variety of intermetallic phases, nitrides, and nonmetallic inclusions. The article further describes the two-phase constituents including, tempered martensite, pearlite, and bainite and nonmetallic inclusions in steel that consist of two or more phases...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... carbides, graphite, martensite, and a variety of intermetallic phases, nitrides, and nonmetallic inclusions. The article further describes the two-phase constituents including, tempered martensite, pearlite, and bainite and nonmetallic inclusions in steel that consist of two or more phases. common...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... metals continued, including the installation of processing units in North America. Mold lubrication in the form of oil, or, more recently, low-melting slag powders, was introduced. Taper of the mold to compensate for metal shrinkage on solidification provided improved heat transfer and, more importantly...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... various anomalies such as shrinkage or gas porosity and nonmetallic inclusions in the form of sand, dross, slag, or reoxidation products. Fatigue fractures can exhibit a rougher texture as the crack propagates through and around the anomalies. With heavy-section steel castings in the quench and tempered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... slag Alternating or direct current Automatic; joint set up vertically; weld pool and slag contained by water-cooled shoes; filler wire fed into slag pool and melted by resistance heating; no arc Slag Carbon, low-alloy and high-alloy steel 50 mm (2.0 in.) and upward Welding thick sections...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to that of a eutectic G 120 Nonmetallic inclusions; slag, dross, flux G 121 (a) Nonmetallic inclusions whose appearance or analysis shows they arise from melting slags, products of metal treatment or fluxes Slag, dross or flux inclusions, ceroxides G 122 (a) Nonmetallic inclusions generally...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... during solidification. This is done to improve the quality and yield of the ingot by providing a pool of liquid steel to feed the shrinkage as the ingot solidifies and to provide a region for segregates and nonmetallic inclusions to gather. During ingot solidification, heat flows from the hot top...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Thermal coefficient of expansion at 20 °C (68 °F), ppm/°C Tensile strength Bond holding strength Applications In Pb Sn Other °C °F °C °F MPa ksi MPa ksi Indium-base solders … 100 … … … 157 313 157 314 24.0 0.78 29 4 0.575 6 0.89 Nonmetallic, special joining...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... steel chain saw bar to be cut out at 2.54 m/min (100 in./min) with a 0.15 mm (0.006 in.) kerf width and without part distortion. Laser cutting can also be accomplished on nonferrous and nonmetallic materials using assist gases. In the case of nonferrous metals (aluminum, copper, brass, and bronze...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... nonferrous alloys phase diagram steels thermochemical reaction rates cast metal INCLUSIONS can be defined as nonmetallic and sometimes intermetallic phases embedded in a metallic matrix. They are usually simple oxides, sulfides, nitrides, or their complexes in ferrous alloys and can include...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... than others. This can result in undesirable residual stresses and/or undesirable warpage. Creating geometry's that make shrinkage predictable and that avoid residual stress and warping is therefore highly desirable. Slag is typically composed of liquid nonmetallic compounds (usually fluxed...