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nonmetallic inclusions

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 51 Nonmetallic inclusions and banding in a microsegrated 1% C alloy steel showing retained austenite. Source: Ref 30 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 93 Nonmetallic inclusions observed using an optical microscope and image analysis; (a) sulfide, (b) alumina, (c) silicate, and (d) globular oxide. Source: Ref 95 . Reprinted with permission. More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 94 Nonmetallic inclusions and banding in a microsegrated 1% C alloy steel showing retained austenite. Source: Ref 43 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 18 Decreasing flank wear by calcium modification of nonmetallic inclusions that formed a protective layer on a TiC-coated insert. Source: Ref 19 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 13 Nonmetallic inclusions observed in ductile iron castings. (a) Slag particles. Source: Ref 46 (b) Drosses Source: Ref 46 . (c) Undissolved inoculant particles. Source: Ref 7 More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 17 Effect of nonmetallic inclusion size on fatigue. Steels were two lots of AISI-SAE 4340H; one lot (lower curve) contained abnormally large inclusions; the other lot (upper curve) contained small inclusions. More
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 5 Three types of nonmetallic inclusion: (a) duplex sulfide, (b) spotty oxide, (c) exogenous slag More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 52 White “butterfly” etching developed at a nonmetallic inclusion as a result of contact loading. 675×. Source: Ref 30 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 11 Comparison of abrasives for preservation of a nonmetallic inclusion in wrought iron. (a) Results of abrading on 600-grit silicon carbide paper. (b) Improved results obtained by abrading on a fine fixed-abrasive lap. As-polished. 500× More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 17 (a) Joint ternary diagram presents nonmetallic inclusion population chemistry in magnesium-treated spheroidal graphite iron. Source: Ref 18 . (b) Cluster of cubic titanium carbonitrides. Reprinted with permission from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. (SAE). Source: Ref 17 More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 26 Effect of nonmetallic inclusion size on fatigue. Steels were two lots of AISI-SAE 4340H: one lot (lower curve) contained abnormally large inclusions; the other lot (upper curve) contained small inclusions. More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... carbides, graphite, martensite, and a variety of intermetallic phases, nitrides, and nonmetallic inclusions. The article further describes the two-phase constituents including, tempered martensite, pearlite, and bainite and nonmetallic inclusions in steel that consist of two or more phases. common...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., zirconium, chromium, vanadium, scandium, nickel, tin, and bismuth. The article discusses the secondary phases in aluminum alloys, namely, nonmetallic inclusions, porosity, primary particles, constituent particles, dispersoids, precipitates, grain and dislocation structure, and crystallographic texture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... treatment, the single most important factor in achieving high levels of rolling-contact fatigue life in bearings is the cleanliness, or freedom from harmful nonmetallic inclusions, of the steel. Alloy conservation and a more consistent heat-treating response are benefits of using specially designed bearing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... discusses the types of imperfections that can be traced to the original ingot product. These include chemical segregation; ingot pipe, porosity, and centerline shrinkage; high hydrogen content; nonmetallic inclusions; unmelted electrodes and shelf; and cracks, laminations, seams, pits, blisters, and scabs...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Aluminum fluxing is a step in obtaining clean molten metal by preventing excessive oxide formation, removing nonmetallic inclusions from the melt, and preventing and/or removing oxide buildup on furnace walls. This article discusses the solid fluxes and gas fluxes used in foundries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract The ferrous metals are the most significant class of commercial alloys. This article describes the solidification structures of plain carbon steel, low-alloy steel, high-alloy steel, and cast iron, with illustrations. The formation of nonmetallic inclusions in the liquid before...
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 15 Relation of relative fatigue strength ratio and size of nonmetallic inclusions at fatigue crack initiation site. The relative fatigue strength ratio for reversed bending fatigue limit and the Vickers hardness (HV) are plotted against defect size. Defect size was evaluated by averaging More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 21 Inner-ring raceway of an aircraft-transmission ball bearing that failed by rolling-contact fatigue because of subsurface nonmetallic inclusions. (a) Macrograph of inner-ring raceway showing fine-texture flaking damage (arrow A), coarse-texture flaking damage (arrow B), and origin More
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 14 Energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy analysis results for fine nonmetallic inclusions in Nitinol wire material More