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nonferrous forging

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of wrought products. The article addresses the types of flaws or defects that can be introduced during the steel forging process itself, including defects originating in the ingot-casting process. Defects found in nonferrous forgings—titanium, aluminum, and copper and copper alloys—also are covered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006689
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... applications B491/B491M-15 3003, 3102 Extruded tubes and cold-drawn tubes JIS H 4080 3003, 3021, 3102, 3103, 3203 Finstock EN 683 3003, 3103 Foil JIS H 4160 3003, 3004 Foil EN 546 3003, 3005, 3103 Forgings, hand forgings, and rolled ring forgings B247-15 3003 Rivet and cold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
.... Direct Forge 6069: Age-Hardenable Aluminum Alloy , Alloy Digest: Data on Worldwide Metals and Alloys , Data Sheet Al-374, ASM International , July 2001 2. Nonferrous Alloy, AIWT on Al-6069 , Aerospace Structural Metals Handbook , National Technical Information Service 3. Bergsma...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003990
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... features on workpiece surfaces. Parts such as gears, hubs, and hexagonal shapes have traditionally been difficult to produce by conventional forging because die-workpiece friction made it difficult to fill tight spots properly on the dies. Workpiece Materials Any material, ferrous or nonferrous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of this type were most severe in melting of nonferrous metals. Ring melting furnaces were all but superseded in the early 1900s by the work of Edwin F. Northrup, who designed and built equipment consisting of a cylindrical crucible and a high-frequency spark-gap power generator. Northrup ( Fig. 1 ), who...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... and steel powder producers in North America, which have developed a wide spectrum of elemental and prealloyed powders designed for specific needs of PM and powder forging applications. The production of nonferrous powders is covered in this Section. Copper and copper-base powders, aluminum powders...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... environment. In some instances, an increased corrosion rate occurs near the weld. Nonferrous Aluminum-Base Alloys Aluminum alloys are commonly joined by friction welding. For inertia welding, rotational forging will form flow lines with radial patterns, as opposed to the straight flow patterns...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... processing. It concludes with a discussion on computer simulation of advanced TMP processes. alpha-beta titanium alloys computer simulation dual-alloy processing dual-microstructure processing fine-grain processing hybrid-structure processing nickel-base superalloys nonferrous alloys retained...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... with nonferrous heat treatments. The processes involved in cold working of certain ferrous and nonferrous alloys are also covered. carbonitriding carburizing cold working failure analysis furnaces hardenability nonferrous alloys quenching stress stainless steel tempering FAILURE ANALYSTS need...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article discusses the forging processes and equipment and forging practice associated with the forging of magnesium alloys. It describes the workability of magnesium alloys. The article concludes with a discussion on the inspection of magnesium alloy forgings. forging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... (reducer rolling); extrusion; ring rolling; and so forth. A large portion of forged material is steel with nonferrous materials such as aluminum, titanium, and superalloys contributing to more niche markets. Therefore, the selection of lubricants and lubrication techniques depends on the forging materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... extrusion, incremental forging, and microforming. The article describes the thermomechanical processing of nickel- and titanium-base alloys and concludes with information on the advancements in process simulation. accuracy incremental forging metal forming metal products metal working...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... is that it can be done at any time; it need not be a part of the forging sequence, and no reheating of the forgings is needed. Hot Trimming Hot trimming is done at temperatures as low as 150 °C (300 °F) for nonferrous alloys and as high as 980 °C (1800 °F) or above for steels and other ferrous alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... The article analyzes the components of a computer controlled system for high-speed mills. Steels and nonferrous materials are also discussed. The article concludes with information on the defects in flat, bar, or shaped products due to heating and rolling practices. bars billets blooms caliber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005884
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...). Microstructure The microstructure of forged aluminum alloys is typical of many nonferrous metals. The structure observed is usually an equiaxed grain structure with some coarse precipitates visible at fairly low magnification. After the proper heat treatment, fine precipitates can often be observed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Abstract This article focuses on the monolithic form of nonferrous alloys, including aluminum, copper, nickel, cobalt, titanium, zinc, magnesium, and beryllium alloys. Each metal and alloy offers unique combinations of useful physical, chemical, and structural properties that are made available...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to 2.2 Sn; 3.6 to 4.4 Zr; 1.8 to 2.2 Mo; 0.06 to 0.1 Si; 0.25 max Fe; 0.05 max C; 0.05 max N; 0.12 max O; 0.0125 max H (bar and billet, 0.0100 max H; forgings and sheet, 0.0150 max H); 0.10 max others (each); 0.30 max others (total); bal Ti. Typical Uses Forgings and flat-rolled products used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., allotriomorphic crystal. A crystal having a depending on composition, material condi- axis (crystal). The edge of the unit cell of a normal lattice structure but an outward shape tion, and desired results. In nonferrous alloys, space lattice. Any one axis of any one lattice that is imperfect, because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... standards, materials standards, and material designation codes for PM materials. It provides information on the codes for structural parts, PM soft magnetic materials, PM self-lubricating bearings, metal injection molded materials, and powder forged materials. material standards metal injection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., and other components made of both ferrous and nonferrous metals ( Ref 3 ). Induction heating A basic challenge in induction heating of forging stock is the necessity to provide the required “surface-to-core” temperature uniformity. Due to the physics of induction heating, the workpiece core tends...