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non-destructive evaluation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract Probability of detection (POD) assesses the performance of a non-destructive evaluation (NDE)-based inspection, which is a method used to determine the capability of an inspection as a function of defect type and defect size. This article provides an overview of the concept of POD, why...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract The success of a reliable non-destructive evaluation (NDE) application depends greatly on the expertise and thoroughness of the NDE engineering that is performed. This article discusses the general considerations of NDE in terms of NDE response and NDE system management and schedule...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... have been found later during destructive analysis. Potential UV damage may impact failure analysis of non-metallic components and should be taken into account and discussed with the NDE practitioner. The nondestructive evaluation (NDE) inspection for primary and potential secondary damage modes can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... fracture mechanics in the damage tolerant approach. It concludes with information on pressure vessel applications that can be separated into three protocols used by military nuclear power, commercial nuclear power, and non-nuclear pressure vessels and/or fired boilers. nondestructive testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... perform VIs in accordance with either a company employer-based scheme, SNT-TC-1A 2016 (“Recommended Practice for Personnel Qualification and Certification in Nondestructive Testing”), or a central personnel certification scheme, PCN/EN ISO 9712:2012 (“Non-Destructive Testing—Qualification and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract Ultrasound is an ideal modality for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) because it enables the interior of objects to be assessed without the safety and access issues associated with radiography. This article summarizes the history of array usage in NDE and its relationship to medical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... “Stress Relief of Titanium Alloys ” in this article. X-ray diffraction is a common non-destructive testing method used to measure the efficiency of a stress relieve cycle. No significant changes in microstructure due to stress-relief heat treatments can be detected by optical microscopy. While x-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... compositions of frits for enamels for cast iron Constituent Composition, wt% Groundcoats Cover coats Lead- bearing Non-lead- bearing Zirconium- opacified (a) Titania- opacified (a) Titania- opacified (b) SiO 2 77.7 63.4 28.0 51.4 44.80 B 2 O 3 6.8 10.9 8.8 9.6 13.14...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... conditions currently being supported by the metalcasting industry. (American Foundry Society (AFS), American Metalcasting Association (AMC), Advanced Technology Institute (ATI), Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), North American Die Casting Association (NADCA), Non-Ferrous Founders Society (NFFS), and Steel...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... CARBURIZING is a non-equilibrium, boost-diffusion-type carburizing process in which the steel being processed is austenitized in a rough vacuum, carburized in a partial pressure of hydrocarbon gas, diffused in a rough vacuum, and then quenched in either oil or gas. Compared to conventional atmosphere...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... found on the CEN website ( Ref 3 ). Table 2 A selection of European Committee for Standardization standards EN standard Title EN 4179 “Aerospace Series—Qualification and Approval of Personnel for Non-Destructive Testing” EN ISO 9712 “Non-Destructive Testing—Qualification and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... casting engineer, a tooling design engineer, and perhaps one or more specialists who are familiar with casting process simulation software, finite element analysis, fracture mechanics, non-destructive evaluation (NDE) techniques, and so forth. In addition, it is essential that the end customer, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... lower depth resolution than with SIMS and SNMS are disadvantageous. Table 1 compares the most important surface and thin-film analysis methods: AES, XPS, SIMS, and ISS, together with the generally non-UHV methods for thin-film analysis, RBS and GDOES. The most obvious application of surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, chromatography, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Test cabinets and standard test environments for laboratory analysis are reviewed. The article describes non-standard simulation testing and case studies of simulated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... specification are called deviations or nonconformances. A deviation is a divergence from the approved specifications that can be brought into conformance (typically on the same day or shift) and does not require evaluation and disposition by the owner. An example of a deviation is a case in which a blast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... two unfilled diacrylate sealants. Direct clinical observations of 205 restorations after 4 years has shown that physiologic wear of sealants in the non-stress bearing areas of pits and fissures is only slight (7%) ( Ref 184 ). Wear on other occlusal surface areas where sealant may be applied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... processing so that heat treatment and other processing variables influence the final electrode potential of the product. Tables 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , present representative solution potentials of commercial aluminum alloys and of several other metals and alloys. Table 1 Solution potentials of non-heat...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... simple manner. It makes it possible to relate the formation of fractal surfaces to the resistance of the atomic bonds to rupture ( Ref 12 ). This method is based on fractal geometry, a non-Euclidean geometry that incorporates a nonintegral (fractal) dimension, D . In other words, the fracture feature is...