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non-AISI steels

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 83 Relationship between austenitization processing parameters and grain size for a grain-refined and non-grain-refined AISI 1060 steel. (a) Effect of austenitization temperature and 2 h soaking time. (b) Effect of austenitizing time. Source: Ref 30 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of hardenability. Note that there is excellent contrast between the hardened case and the nonhardened core. Fig. 1 AISI W1 tool steel austenitized at 800 °C (1475 °F), brine quenched, and tempered 2 h at 150 °C (300 °F). Black rings are hardened zones in 75, 50, and 25 mm (3, 2, and 1 in.) diameter bars...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005934
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... ) ] where P P is the predicted property, P max is the maximum property for the alloy, exp is the base of the natural logarithm, K 1 = ln (0.995) = −0.00501, and Q is the quench factor. Fig. 2 Correlation of quench factor and centerline dness for round AISI 5140 steel bars. In this case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... contents at relatively low temperatures. This work inspired Holcomb to carburize austenitic stainless steel AISI 304 in liquid sodium with different carbon contents at temperatures of 470, 565, and 605 °C (880, 1050, and 1120 °F) ( Ref 3 ). Several publications then appeared addressing the dissolution...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002182
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... are available ( Tables 1 and 2 ). For the most part, wrought P/M processing has been applied to the production of standard AISI-type high-speed tool steels (M-2, M-3, M-35, T-15, and so on) with or without sulfur additions for enhanced machinability. However, several P/M-processed, highly alloyed super-high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005977
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... nitriding techniques and non-plasma assisted nitriding processes. It also describes the difficulties in stainless steel nitriding/carburizing. austenitic stainless steel carburizing corrosion resistance duplex stainless steel ferritic stainless steel fretting fatigue hardness martensitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005967
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... carbon steel (AISI 1045) in Fig. 4 . TTT diagrams can be read only along the isotherms shown. Fig. 4 Time-temperature transformation diagram of an unalloyed steel containing 0.45% C. Austenitizing temperature: 880 °C (1615 °F). Reprinted with permission from Verlag Stahleisen GmbH, Dusseldorf...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005885
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the specific features of carbon steels and alloy steels that are pertinent to heating by induction for warm and hot working processes. It provides a detailed account of the effects of various microstructures on austenitization kinetics for AISI 1045...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) 304 stainless steel. Scanning electron microscope examination of the fracture face reveals extensive microvoid coalescence, that is, ductile rupture, although the impact strength (at −196 °C, or −320 °F) was only 40% of that of a nonsensitized sample. The partially...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... above the corresponding Ac 1 temperature to prevent excessive retained austenite after quenching. At an austenitization temperature of 840 °C (1545 °F), the bearing steel AISI 52100 (German grade 100Cr6) contains approximately 3 to 4% cementite and approximately 6% retained austenite after quenching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Abstract Abstract This article examines the embrittlement of iron and carbon steels. It describes compositional, processing, and service conditions that contribute to the problem and presents examples of how embrittlement influences mechanical properties. Embrittlement due to hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for an unalloyed steel (American Iron and Steel Institute, or AISI, 1045) in Fig. 1 . Time-temperature-transformation diagrams can only be read along the isotherms. The temperature A 1 is where transformation to austenite begins, and temperature A 3 is where the transformation to austenite is complete. Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... carbon steel (AISI 316L) Hardness improvement Ref 68 BS 970 080M40 steel (Cr + Ni) Increased surface hardness Ref 69 SAE 1045 (Cu + Al) Mechanical and electrical properties modification Ref 70 A36 mild steel (Fe + Al) Superior hardness Ref 71 IF steel (Co-Cr-W-Ni-Si + SiC p...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steels to reduce the potential for flash attack. Passivating solutions for stainless steels (non-free-machining grades) Table 1 Passivating solutions for stainless steels (non-free-machining grades) Grade Passivation treatment Austenitic 300 series grades or grades with ≥17% Cr (except...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... fracture would occur, as bearing operation continues. Fig. 1 Scanning electron micrograph of a fatigue spall on a roller from a roller bearing after 630,000 cycles. Roller is AISI 1060 steel, hardened to 600 HV. Spall is 400 μm wide by 700 μm long. One classic shape of a fatigue spall...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... a chip breaker in the cutting tool or changing the microstructure of the workpiece steel. For example, heat treating AISI 1008 brake piston cups by reheating to the austenitizing region with a short soaking time and quenching transformed the microstructure from pearlite-ferrite to martensite-bainite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., the material selected must have sufficient carbon and alloy content prior to induction hardening. Low-alloy and medium-carbon steels with 0.35 to 0.55% C (e.g., AISI 1040, 15B41, 4140, 4340, 1045, 4150, 1552, 5150, 5152) are commonly used for induction gear hardening ( Ref 6 – 9 ). H-steels (1050H, 4340H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., the availability of the necessary product forms, and cost. Identification Systems for Stainless Steels Grades of stainless steel are most commonly designated in one or more of the following ways: the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) numbering system, the Unified Numbering System (UNS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... combination is also available as a clad brazing material, where a copper brazing filler metal is clad to a stainless steel base material. Although the AISI 300 and 400 series of stainless steels have been the most widely used materials, low-carbon steels are being used in applications with less-strict...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses factors involved in selecting welding processes and consumables and establishing procedures and practices for the arc welding of low-alloy steels. It provides information on welding consumables in terms of filler metals and fluxes and shielding gases...