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no-bake process

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Heat-cured resin binder processes Shell process (Croning process) Furan hot box Phenolic hot box Warm box (furfuryl/catalyst) Oven bake (core oil) Cold box resin binder processes Phenolic urethane Furan/SO 2 Free radical cure (acrylic/epoxy) Phenolic ester No-bake...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract No-bake sand molds are based on curing of inorganic or organic binders with either gaseous catalysts or liquid catalysts. This article reviews the major aspects of no-bake sand bonding in terms of coremaking, molding methods, and sand processing. It discusses the points to be noted...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., and additives used in coremaking. It discusses the curing of compacted cores by core baking and the hot box processes. The article provides an overview of core coatings, assembling and core setting, coring of tortuous passages, and cores in permanent mold castings and investment castings. It also discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract The sheet alloys 6009 and 6010 fill the need for materials that would be formed in the soft T4 temper and age harden during the automotive paint-bake cycle. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects on physical and mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of typical corrosion defects. Black spots are random corrosion. Gray (or green) spots in circle are clustered corrosion. Atmospheric Passivation Module Decoupled Source Quartz Photoresist Removal Process Mid-Chamber Wear Moisture from the Fabrication-Room Environment Oven-Bake Process...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... or oil sand) and the phenolic (novolac) of the shell process (see the article “Shell Molding and Shell Coremaking” in this Volume). Rammed graphite for casting highly reactive metals such as titanium or zirconium Of these, the three most important sand molding methods are shell molding, no-bake...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... . Polyvinyl fluoride contains only one fluorine atom ( Fig. 2a ). Because its fusion and decomposition temperatures are so close, PVF can decompose during the baking process when used as a coating. Consequently, the baking temperature range of PVF is very small and requires close control, making it difficult...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.../ester or sodium silicate/ester system was developed in the late 1960s as an inorganic alternative to the organic self-setting processes described earlier. Previously, dicalcium silicate, portland cements, or ferrosilicon (Nishiyama process) were used as powdered hardeners. This no-bake system consists...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and processing equipment (a) Malleable iron Motor vehicles Valves and fittings Construction machinery Railroad equipment Engines Mining equipment Hardware Other major markets include heating and refrigeration, motors and generators, fasteners, ordnance, chains, machine tools...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006483
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... vertical stub holes (depending on the block size, number of anodes, and cell amperage) are created in the top of the blocks during the forming process. At this stage, the just-formed green or unbaked anodes do not conduct electricity. They must now be baked in the range of 1100 to 1200 °C (2010 to 2190...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Hydrogen damage is a term used to designate a number of processes in metals by which the load-carrying capacity of the metal is reduced due to the presence of hydrogen. This article introduces the general forms of hydrogen damage and provides an overview of the different types...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., elevated-temperature baking after plating is generally required to allow the hydrogen to move to microstructural positions in the part interior that are less damaging to the atomic bonds of the iron matrix. In one hydrogen-damage failure caused by improper baking after electroplating, several cadmium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... finishing Chlorinated rubber Solvent Air dry Water, alkali, acid resistance Abrasion resistance, hardness, gloss, sensitivity to solvents Moderate Maintenance coatings, ship bottom paints, swimming pool paints, chemical process equipment Epoxy Solvent, waterborne, powder Air dry, bake...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... applications such as hoods, deck lids, and fenders. The alloy was developed to provide improved corrosion resistance, higher formability, and greater strength for dent resistance after thermal exposure (paint bake) compared with other automotive sheet alloys. Alloys such as 6016, 6022, and 6111 in the T4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... result from extended plating operations or missed or delayed hydrogen bake operations. Thus, when sulfamate nickel or EHC plating is used in the restoration of airframe components, great care must be used to ensure scheduled bake cycles are followed. One of the key advantages with HVOF-applied wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... with the commodity being hauled, whereupon a coating serves as an anticorrosion barrier. Fig. 14 First interior-coated tank car Application of interior rail coatings includes preparation of the surface, applying the coating ( Fig. 16 ), drying, quality assurance, final bake, and periodic maintenance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... baking after the stamping process. Bake hardening produces an increase in yield strength ranging from 28 to 56 MPa (4 to 8 ksi) after a low-temperature heat treatment cycle similar to a paint-bake schedule (175 °C, or 345 °F, for 20 to 30 min). The bake-hardening effect is possible only if the steel has...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the manufacturing process, and to establish functional or performance standards. Their goal is to ensure that fasteners will be interchangeable, dimensionally and functionally. The most common fastener specifications are product specifications that are set up to govern and define the quality and reliability...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-hardening behavior is dependent on steel chemistry and processing, in addition to the amount of forming strain and paint-baking conditions (temperature and time). Steels that exhibit bake-hardening behavior include plain low-carbon steels (continuously annealed or batch annealed), IF steels (continuously...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses slurry molding that encompasses two distinct processes: plaster molding and ceramic molding. Plaster mold casting is a specialized casting process used to produce nonferrous castings that have greater dimensional accuracy, smoother surfaces, and more finely...