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no-bake process

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., dry sand molds, resin-bonded sand molds, and sodium silicate bonded sand. The article describes the casting processes that use these molds, including the no-bake process, cold box process, hot box process, the CO2 process, lost foam casting process and vacuum molding process. The casting processes...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract No-bake sand molds are based on the curing of inorganic or organic binders with either gaseous catalysts or liquid catalysts. This article reviews the major aspects of no-bake sand bonding in terms of coremaking, molding methods, and sand processing. It discusses the points to be noted...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., and additives used in coremaking. It discusses the curing of compacted cores by core baking and the hot box processes. The article provides an overview of the core coatings, assembling and core setting, coring of tortuous passages, and cores in permanent mold castings and investment castings. It also discusses...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) and the phenolic (novolac) of the shell process (see the article “Shell Molding and Shell Coremaking” in this Volume). Rammed graphite for casting highly reactive metals such as titanium or zirconium Of these, the three most important sand molding methods are shell molding, no-bake molding (phenolic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... h after metal lead etch. Wafers are stored in a nitrogen environment and can be held up to the sit time limit before processing in solvent cleanup. Chloride residue from the photoresist attacks metal leads and needs to be removed before the waiting period. Oven-Bake Process The oven-bake...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract The sheet alloys 6009 and 6010 fill the need for materials that would be formed in the soft T4 temper and age harden during the automotive paint-bake cycle. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects on physical and mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract The automotive sheet alloy 6022 provides improved corrosion resistance, higher formability, and greater strength for dent resistance after thermal exposure compared with other automotive sheet alloys. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and PVDF are shown in Fig. 2 . Polyvinyl fluoride contains only one fluorine atom ( Fig. 2a ). Because its fusion and decomposition temperatures are so close, PVF can decompose during the baking process when used as a coating. Consequently, the baking temperature range of PVF is very small and requires...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... cements, or ferrosilicon (Nishiyama process) were used as powdered hardeners. This no-bake system consists of a sodium silicate binder and a liquid organic ester as a hardener. Therefore, it often is classified as a hybrid system (as a geopolymer/ester system). However, it is categorized here...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... rubber Solvent Air dry Water, alkali, acid resistance Abrasion resistance, hardness, gloss, sensitivity to solvents Moderate Maintenance coatings, ship bottom paints, swimming pool paints, chemical process equipment Epoxy Solvent, waterborne, powder Air dry, bake Excellent adhesion, chemical...
Image
Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 30 Decohesive rupture in an AISI 8740 steel nut due to hydrogen embrittlement. Failure was due to inadequate baking following cadmium plating; thus, hydrogen, which was picked up during the plating process, was not released. (a) Macrograph of fracture surface. (b) Higher-magnification More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... The process, known today as lost-foam casting (using loose, unbonded sand), is patented a short time later. Phenolic and furan acid-catalyzed no-bake binder systems are introduced. Ductile iron desulfurization via shaking ladles is developed in Sweden. 1959—General Electric uses the transient heat-transfer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... plating high-velocity oxyfuel coating hydrogen embrittlement wear ELECTROLYTIC HARD CHROME (EHC) plating is a critical process that is used as a wear coating on landing gear and other components throughout the airframe structure. Electrolytic hard chrome plating is also used in combination...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... finish (see the section “Mold Stabilization” in this article). Baking Baking is the final stage of processing. All remaining volatiles are removed, and the colloidal silica left by the hydrolyzed ethyl silicate binder forms a high-temperature bond of SiO 2 that is stable nearly to its melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...-resistance auto applications such as hoods, doors, and fenders. The increase in yield strength in this class of steel results from strain hardening and strain aging during paint baking after the stamping process. Bake hardening produces an increase in yield strength ranging from 28 to 56 MPa (4 to 8 ksi...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... In addition, resistance spot weldability is good. Finally, the relatively low-temperature electroplating process has minimal effect on the mechanical properties of the steel, allowing greater flexibility in the application of increasingly popular high-strength, paint-bake hardenable steel substrates. Hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of hydrogen embrittlement. The nuts had not been baked for a sufficient time; thus, hydrogen picked up during the plating process was not given sufficient time to diffuse out of the components. Fig. 1 Cadmium-plated AISI 8740 steel nut that failed by hydrogen embrittlement. Failure occurred seven days...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in seven days after installation on an aircraft wing structure ( Fig. 1 ). Examination of the fracture surface ( Fig. 2 ) showed predominantly intergranular fracture typical of hydrogen embrittlement. The nuts had not been baked for a sufficient time; thus, hydrogen picked up during the plating process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006483
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... produced by a self-baking process by the cell process heat. Both the prebaked and Søderberg anodes are consumed in the electrolytic anode reactions to produce CO 2 . Søderberg cells operate at a lower electrical current and have a higher energy consumption compared with prebake cells. Additionally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... the spray process, ventilation is occurring to control the lower explosive limit. Drying After application, the space then is additionally ventilated for some prescribed period, after which a baking sequence is initiated. Drying is effected by heated forced air introduced through temporary positioned...