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nitrate stress-corrosion cracking

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... the saturation temperature pertinent to the concentration of condensable species contained by a gas. This article discusses dew-point corrosion problems in the susceptible areas of dry flue gas handling systems. The corrosion problems associated with the nitrate stress-corrosion cracking in heat-recovery steam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with stress-corrosion cracking Alloy Environment Carbon steel Hot nitrate, hydroxide, and carbonate/bicarbonate solutions High-strength steels Aqueous electrolytes, particularly when containing H 2 S Austenitic stainless steels Hot, concentrated chloride solutions; chloride...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article commences with a discussion on the characteristics of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and describes crack initiation and propagation during SCC. It reviews the various mechanisms of SCC and addresses electrochemical and stress-sorption theories. The article explains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Radioactive Waste , Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management , Vol 556 , Materials Research Society , 1999 , p 911 34. King F. , Litke C.D. , and Ikeda B.M. , The Stress Corrosion Cracking of Copper Nuclear Waste Containers , Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...). Figure 5 shows the typical change in net section stress with the onset of SCC in an intermediate-stiffness stressing frame used in ASTM G 49 for loading direct-tension stress-corrosion test specimens ( Ref 8 ). Fig. 5 Effect of loading method and extent of cracking or corrosion pattern on average...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., intergranular attack, erosion-corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, and stress-corrosion cracking. The cast irons suitable for the common corrosive environments are also discussed. The article reviews the coatings used on cast irons to enhance corrosion resistance, such as metallic, organic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... reviews the various forms of corrosions, such as graphitic corrosion, fretting corrosion, pitting and crevice corrosion, intergranular attack, erosion-corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, and stress-corrosion cracking. It discusses the four general categories of coatings used on cast irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Corrosion Cracking of Beryllium,” Report LMSC-288140, General Research in Materials and Propulsion , Section 6, Lockheed Corporation, Jan 1960 ; also LMSD-49735. 26. Semerad E. , Gross T. , and Lichtl H. , “Stress-Corrosion Cracking Testing of AlBeMet 162, Extruded, HIP and EB...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... conditions. The concepts of fracture mechanics are concerned with the basic methods for predicting the load-carrying capabilities of structures and components that contain cracks. The fracture mechanics approach is based on a mathematical description of the characteristic stress field that surrounds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... actively convert one nitrogen chemical species to another in the nitrogen cycle. Ammonium, nitrate, and nitrite can be linked to cracking and/or corrosion under various conditions. Ammonium produced by the microbiological reduction of nitrate has been linked to stress-corrosion cracking failures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... vapor entrapment and with the temperature of the quench water, results in uneven hardness and unfavorable distribution of stress. This may cause distortion, cracking, or soft spots. Water-quenched steel parts may rust unless immediately treated with a rust preventative. The temperature at which...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-Corrosion Cracking of Nickel-Base Alloys , Stress-Corrosion Cracking: Materials Performance and Evaluation , Jones R.H. , Ed., ASM International , 1992 , p 131 – 179 Nickel Ores Pyrometallurgy Hydrometallurgy Electrolytic Processes Vapometallurgy Commercially Pure Nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... , Rollins B. , Chawla S. , Evans K. , and Li X. , Stress Corrosion Cracking and Localized Corrosion of Carbon Steel in Nitrate Solutions , Corrosion , Vol 72 ( No. 7 ), April 2016 , p 927 – 942 , 10.5006/2035 20. Scott C.S. et al. , “ The Sensitivity of Carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Temperature, °C (°F) 50-80 (120-180) Note: Both solutions require a flash-plated undercoat of gold or palladium. Source: Ref 7 The preparation of the electrolyte constituents is rather critical. Deposits are hard and highly stressed, making it difficult to obtain crack-free layers at higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and insights on the most common forms of corrosion observed with titanium alloys, including general corrosion, crevice corrosion, anodic pitting, hydrogen damage, stress-corrosion cracking, galvanic corrosion, corrosion fatigue, and erosion-corrosion. It also provides practical strategies for expanding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of initially applied stress for smooth sample stress-corrosion cracking tests Fig. 6 Stress-corrosion crack initiating from a corrosion pit in a quenched-and-tempered high-strength turbine disk steel (3.39Ni-1.56Cr-0.63Mo-0.11V) test coupon exposed to oxygenated, demineralized water for 800 h under...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Aluminum Alloys (ASSET Test),” G 66, Wear and Erosion; Metal Corrosion , Vol 03.02 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards 2002 , American Society for Testing and Materials , 2002 9. Summerson T.J. , Interim Report, Aluminum Association Task Group on Exfoliation and Stress-Corrosion Cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... mortar that resists abrasion, erosion, and chemical attack by chloride, fluoride, and nitrate-nitrite salts. The mortar offers sufficient wear and corrosion resistance to be economically used with some salts containing cyanide. For straight cyanide or carbonate salts, a welded steel pot or a furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-corrosion cracking in various industrial and chemical environments. It concludes with information on various corrosion testing methods, including aqueous corrosion testing, dynamic corrosion tests, and stress-corrosion testing. aqueous corrosion testing copper copper alloys dynamic corrosion tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...-8Mn β Beta III Ti-11.5Mo-6Zr-4.5Sn β Ti-3-8-6-4-4 Ti-3Al-8V-6Cr-4Zr-4Mo β Ti-13-11-3 Ti-3Al-13V-11Cr β Ti-8-8-2-3 Ti-8V-8Mo-3Al-2Fe β Ti-15-5-3 Ti-15Mo-5Zr-3Al β Source: Ref 208 Table 5 Environments known to promote stress-corrosion cracking of commercial...