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nickel-chromium white irons

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... austenitization, quenching, tempering, annealing, and stress relieving. abrasion resistance annealing austenitization chromium-molybdenum iron crushing grinding heat treatment high-alloy white cast iron high-chromium white iron microstructure nickel-chromium white iron quenching tempering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... treatment to develop proper balance between resistance to abrasion and toughness needed to withstand repeated impact. This article provides a brief discussion on the heat treatment, mechanical properties, and chemical compositions of high-alloy white cast irons such as nickel-chromium white irons and high...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article presents a discussion on the melting, pouring, and shakeout practices; composition control; molds, patterns, and casting design; heat treatment; and applications of different classes of nickel-chromium white irons and high-chromium white irons. iron castings heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... austenite-martensite transformations occur. Depending on the composition and processing conditions, free carbides can form as networks, spheroids, large chunky particles, and films. Carbide stabilizers, such as chromium, increase the hardness of the carbides formed, and nickel increases the depth of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005942
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... microstructure (as low as 0.1% Mn in ferritic gray irons and as high as 1.2% in pearlitic). Other alloying elements include nickel, copper, molybdenum, and chromium. The heat treatment of gray irons can considerably alter the matrix microstructure with little or no effect on the size and shape of the graphite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Copper and copper-zinc brazing filler metals can be used, but great care must be exercised because of their high brazing temperature ranges. Nickel-base brazing filler metals have also been used with good results, particularly for the brazing of dissimilar metals, such as cast iron to steel. Table 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Ni Cr Mo Cu Abrasion-resistant white irons Low-carbon white iron (d) 2.2–2.8 0.2–0.6 0.15 0.15 1.0–1.6 1.5 1.0 0.5 (e) CP High-carbon, low-silicon white iron 2.8–3.6 0.3–2.0 0.30 0.15 0.3–1.0 2.5 3.0 1.0 (e) CP Martensitic nickel-chromium iron 2.5–3.7 1.3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... adequate for many applications. It is only when a clear performance advantage can be proved that alloy cast irons will show an economic advantage over unalloyed irons. For example, in a one-year test in a mill for grinding cement clinker, grinding balls made of martensitic nickel-chromium white iron had to...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 0.15 0.15 1.3–6.0 … 20–25 Al … … F Heat-resistant ductile irons Medium-silicon ductile iron 2.8–3.8 0.2–0.6 0.08 0.12 2.5–6.0 1.5 … 2.0 … F Nickel-chromium ductile iron (h) 3.0 0.7–2.4 0.08 0.12 1.75–5.5 18–36 1.75–3.5 1.0 … A Heat-resistant white irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., except for stress relief and to continue austenite transformation. Cast iron can be described as an alloy of predominantly iron, carbon, and silicon. Commercially produced irons contain manganese and may be alloyed with nickel, chromium, copper, molybdenum, tin, antimony, vanadium, and various...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...: ° C  :   730   +   28.0   ( %  Si )   −   25.0   ( %  Mn ) ° F  :   1345   +   50.4   ( %  Si )   −   45.0   ( %  Mn ) Chromium raises the transformation range of gray iron. In high-nickel, high-silicon irons, for example, each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... modified ASTM A439 type D-2B austenitic iron, but with flake graphite due to the high silicon content. Its composition was 2.4% C, 0.7% Mn, 5.7% Si, 3.3% Cr, and 19.5% Ni. Note that the silicon is typical for an ASTM A436 type 4, but the nickel and chromium levels are much lower. The composition meets ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... Foundrymen's Soc. , Vol 3 , 1984 , p 40 – 44 • Biner S.B. , The Role of Eutectic Carbide Morphology on the Fracture Behavior of High-Chromium Cast Irons, Part I: Austenitic Alloys , Can. Metall. Q. , Vol 24 ( No. 2 ), 1985 , p 155 – 162 • Bulloch J.H. , Fractographic Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... malleable iron generally conforms to the ranges given in Table 1 . Chromium (0.01 to 0.03%), boron (0.0020%), copper (∼1.0%), nickel (0.5 to 0.8%), and molybdenum (0.35 to 0.5%) are also sometimes present. Table 1 Typical compositions for malleable iron Composition, % Element Ferritic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article discusses the five basic matrix structures in cast irons: ferrite, pearlite, bainite, martensite, and austenite. The alloying elements, used to enhance the corrosion resistance of cast irons, including silicon, nickel, chromium, copper, molybdenum, vanadium, and titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... in the susceptibility of cast irons to corrosion attack. The article discusses the various alloying elements, such as silicon, nickel, chromium, copper, and molybdenum, that enhance the corrosion resistance of cast irons. Cast irons exhibit the same general forms of corrosion as other metals and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., nickel, beryllium, chromium, and iron. The article discusses minor alloying additions, including antimony, bismuth, selenium, manganese, and phosphorus. Copper alloys can be cast by many processes, including sand casting, permanent mold casting, precision casting, high-pressure die casting, and low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Nickel alloys can be divided into four groups: high-nickel alloys, nickel-copper alloys, nickel-chromium alloys, and nickel-iron-chromium alloys. Alloys within each composition group that has similar surface conditions are pickled in the same solutions using the same procedures. This...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... chromium, tin, and uncombined sulfur promotes the retention of carbon in the matrix in constituents containing iron carbide, even with very slow cooling through the critical range. Minor elements, such as phosphorus and sulfur, also are always present in cast irons ( Table 1 ). Minor elements that must be...
Book Chapter

By Charles V. White
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... of production practice. Continuous production of 450 to 1350 kg (1000 to 3000 lb) heats of alloy iron is usually needed for economical utilization. Manganese, chromium, nickel, vanadium, and copper can also be used to strengthen cast irons. In many irons a combination of elements will provide the...