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nickel-chromium white iron

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... needed in machinery for crushing, grinding, and handling of abrasive materials. This article discusses three major groups of the high-alloy white cast irons: nickel-chromium white irons, chromium-molybdenum irons, and high-chromium white irons. Mechanical properties for three white irons representing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... austenitic-martensitic matrix microstructure. (b) Heat-treated martensitic microstructure. Both at 500×. Courtesy of Climax Molybdenum Company Fig. 4 Microstructure of class I type D nickel-chromium white cast iron after refrigeration. 340× Fig. 7 Microstructures of high-chromium white...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Typical microstructure of class I type A nickel-chromium white cast iron. Original magnification: 340× Fig. 2 Typical microstructure of class I type D nickel-chromium white cast iron. Original magnification: 340× Abstract Abstract This article presents a discussion on the melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... nickel and nickel alloys. Nickel alloys can be divided into four groups: high-nickel alloys, nickel-copper alloys, nickel-chromium alloys, and nickel-iron-chromium alloys. Alloys within each composition group that has similar surface conditions are pickled in the same solutions using the same procedures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... with ASTM A367 Fig. 7 Micrograph of a subcritically annealed 4Si-Mo ductile iron showing nodular graphite structure. Original magnification: 400× Fig. 8 Carbidic microstructure of class III type A high-chromium white iron Fig. 9 Class I type D nickel-chromium white iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... … … F Heat-resistant ductile irons Medium-silicon ductile iron 2.8–3.8 0.2–0.6 0.08 0.12 2.5–6.0 1.5 … 2.0 … F Nickel-chromium ductile iron (h) 3.0 0.7–2.4 0.08 0.12 1.75–5.5 18–36 1.75–3.5 1.0 … A Heat-resistant white irons                      Ferritic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.../in. 3 μm/m ⋅ °C 10 –6 in./in. ⋅ °F W/m ⋅ K Btu/ft ⋅ h ⋅ °F Abrasion-resistant white irons Low-carbon white iron 7.6–7.8 0.275–0.282 12 (c) 6.7 (c) 0.53 22 (d) 13 (d) Martensitic nickel-chromium iron 7.6–7.8 0.275–0.282 8–9 (c) 4.4–5 (c) 0.80 30 (d) 17 (d...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.../in. 3 μm/m ⋅ °C 10 –6 in./in. ⋅ °F W/m ⋅ K Btu/ft ⋅ h ⋅ °F Abrasion-resistant white irons Low-carbon white iron 7.6–7.8 0.275–0.282 12 (c) 6.7 (c) 0.53 22 (d) 13 (d) Martensitic nickel-chromium iron 7.6–7.8 0.275–0.282 8–9 (c) 4.4–5 (c) 0.80 30 (d) 17 (d...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... of an ultrahigh-chromium hypereutectic white iron with modified chemical composition largely outside the range of ASTM A532 class III type A Fig. 18 Typical microstructure of class III type A high-chromium white cast iron Fig. 17 Typical microstructures of (a) class I type A nickel-chromium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.9781627081795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Mill liners, grates, and abrasion-resistant plates Severe gouging, crushing impact and wear, wet (pH 5–8) Austenitic manganese steels, martensitic chromium-molybdenum white cast iron, martensitic high-chromium white cast iron, martensitic nickel-chromium white iron, martensitic medium-carbon chromium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to hot tearing, cores should break down readily. Nickel-chromium irons may also be chill cast in permanent molds. The chill-cast microstructures develop higher hardness, strength, and impact toughness than the sand-cast structures because of the finer carbides. Whenever practical, the wearing faces...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... to increase strength and promote pearlite. The minor elements normally used in gray iron alloying are chromium, copper, nickel, and molybdenum. Alloying practices vary considerably, depending mainly on the method of melting, the composition and product form of the alloy being added, the amount of iron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-carbon white iron (d) 2.2–2.8 0.2–0.6 0.15 0.15 1.0–1.6 1.5 1.0 0.5 (e) CP High-carbon, low-silicon white iron 2.8–3.6 0.3–2.0 0.30 0.15 0.3–1.0 2.5 3.0 1.0 (e) CP Martensitic nickel-chromium iron 2.5–3.7 1.3 0.30 0.15 0.8 2.7–5.0 1.1–4.0 1.0 … M, A Martensitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...–0.6 0.15 0.15 1.0–1.6 1.5 1.0 0.5 (e) CP High-carbon, low-silicon white iron 2.8–3.6 0.3–2.0 0.30 0.15 0.3–1.0 2.5 3.0 1.0 (e) CP Martensitic nickel-chromium iron 2.5–3.7 1.3 0.30 0.15 0.8 2.7–5.0 1.1–4.0 1.0 … M,A Martensitic nickel, high-chromium iron 2.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Selection of Cast Irons Silicon Nickel Chromium Copper Molybdenum Other Alloying Additions Ferrite Pearlite Bainite Martensitic Structures Austenitic Structures Unalloyed Gray, Ductile, Malleable, and White Cast Irons Low- and Moderately Alloyed Cast Irons High...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Molybdenum Other Alloying Additions Unalloyed Gray, Ductile, Malleable, and White Cast Irons Low and Moderately Alloyed Cast Irons High-Nickel Austenitic Cast Irons High-Chromium Cast Irons High-Silicon Cast Irons Graphitic Corrosion Fretting Corrosion Pitting and Crevice Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... much more strongly with DFI than with BFI. The DFI and DIC methods also can be used for revealing the details of microstructures in alloyed irons, for example, a chromium-nickel iron after heat treatment, which were barely visible after etching with nital. Figure 46 , 47 , 48 show...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... , p 789 – 828 Hardfacing materials include a wide variety of alloys, carbides, and combinations of these materials. Conventional hardfacing materials are normally classified as steels or low-alloy ferrous materials, high-chromium white irons or high-alloy ferrous materials, carbides, nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... … 170 1.281–1.58 1.166–1.44 197 29 8.0 Source: Ref 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 In technical alloys, such as white cast iron, the resulting chromium carbides also possess a large amount of elements such as iron, molybdenum...