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nickel-chromium white iron

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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 9 Class I type D nickel-chromium white iron with an austenitic-martensitic matrix microstructure after heat treatment. Original magnification: 340× More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 10 Class I type A nickel-chromium white iron with an austenitic-martensitic matrix microstructure after tempering. Original magnification: 340× More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 11 Class I type A nickel-chromium white iron with a more fully martensitic matrix microstructure after refrigeration treatment. Original magnification: 340× More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... austenitization, quenching, tempering, annealing, and stress relieving. abrasion resistance annealing austenitization chromium-molybdenum iron crushing grinding heat treatment high-alloy white cast iron high-chromium white iron microstructure nickel-chromium white iron quenching tempering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... treatment to develop proper balance between resistance to abrasion and toughness needed to withstand repeated impact. This article provides a brief discussion on the heat treatment, mechanical properties, and chemical compositions of high-alloy white cast irons such as nickel-chromium white irons and high...
Image
Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 2 Typical microstructure of class I type A nickel-chromium white cast iron. 340× More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 3 Typical microstructure of class I type D nickel-chromium white cast iron. 340× More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 4 Microstructure of class I type D nickel-chromium white cast iron after refrigeration. 340× More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 1 Typical microstructure of class I type A nickel-chromium white cast iron. Original magnification: 340× More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 2 Typical microstructure of class I type D nickel-chromium white cast iron. Original magnification: 340× More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 3 Microstructure of class I type D nickel-chromium white cast iron after refrigeration. Original magnification: 340× More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article presents a discussion on the melting, pouring, and shakeout practices; composition control; molds, patterns, and casting design; heat treatment; and applications of different classes of nickel-chromium white irons and high-chromium white irons. iron castings heat...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 33 Microstructures of nickel-chromium abrasion-resistant white irons. (a) With 1.4–4% Cr, martensitic matrix forms. (b) With 7–11% Cr, discontinuous eutectic carbides form. Magnification: 340×. Source: Ref 29 More
Image
Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 45 Microstructures of nickel-chromium abrasion-resistant white irons. (a) 3–3.6% C, 3.3–5% Ni, 1.4–4% Cr. (b) 2.5–3.6% C, 5–7% Ni, 7–11% Cr. Original magnification: 340×. Source: Ref 118 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... ductile irons Medium-silicon ductile iron 2.8–3.8 0.2–0.6 0.08 0.12 2.5–6.0 1.5 … 2.0 … F Nickel-chromium ductile iron (h) 3.0 0.7–2.4 0.08 0.12 1.75–5.5 18–36 1.75–3.5 1.0 … A Heat-resistant white irons                      Ferritic grade 1–2.5 0.3–1.5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... when a clear performance advantage can be proved that alloy cast irons will show an economic advantage over unalloyed irons. For example, in a one-year test in a mill for grinding cement clinker, grinding balls made of martensitic nickel-chromium white iron had to be replaced only about one-fifth...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... to quenched and tempered AISI 1050 medium-carbon steel reference material ( Fig. 1 ). The wear rates of chromium-nickel gray cast iron and 12% Cr white cast iron were very similar. Wear was reduced further with hardened (quenched) ductile iron, while ADI and AISI 4340 steel exhibited the lowest abrasion wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... microstructure of class III type A high-chromium white iron The high-alloy white irons covered by ASTM A532 specification consist of three classes and two major groups. The nickel-chromium white irons (class I), commonly referred to as Ni-Hard irons, contain 3 to 7% Ni and approximately 1.5 to 11% Cr...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... major groups determined by their chromium content along with the needs of other alloy elements, such as nickel and/or molybdenum: Class I: The nickel-chromium or Ni-Hard white irons that contain a substantial amount of nickel but relatively low chromium. The grades in this category may contain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article discusses the procedures used for pickling nickel and nickel alloys. Nickel alloys can be divided into four groups: high-nickel alloys, nickel-copper alloys, nickel-chromium alloys, and nickel-iron-chromium alloys. Alloys within each composition group that has similar...