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nickel-base overlays

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...) Minimum The roles of the various elements in the nickel alloys are discussed for each alloy category, but a synopsis for the key elements follows: Nickel: This element is an ideal base because it not only possesses moderate corrosion resistance by itself, but it also can be alloyed with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract Cast nickel-base alloys are used extensively in corrosive-media and high-temperature applications. This article briefly reviews the common types of heat treatments of nickel alloy castings: homogenization, stress relieving, in-process annealing, full annealing, solution annealing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... either iron-, nickel-, or cobalt-base. Several welding processes are used to apply the hardfacing materials. They range from the traditional (for example, oxyacetylene torch) to more recently developed processes like plasma-transferred arc. To accommodate these different overlay processes, the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) organic topcoat (epoxy or urethane-based) containing silicates. The organic coating was originally applied on one side of the sheet, protecting unexposed surfaces against inside-out perforation corrosion. However, a two-side organic/zinc-nickel composite system, with chromate and organic layers applied on...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... refractory metals or their carbides include Mo-Ag, WC-Ag, W-Ag, WC-Cu, and W-C-Ag systems. Silver-base composites can be divided into two types: type 1 uses a pure element (nickel, tungsten, or molybdenum) or graphite as the dispersed phase; and type 2 composites use semirefractory oxides (CdO, SnO 2 , or...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Superalloys are nickel, iron-nickel, and cobalt-base alloys generally used for high-temperature applications. Superalloys are used in aircraft, industrial, marine gas turbines, nuclear reactors, spacecraft structures, petrochemical production, orthopedic and dental prostheses, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 0.06 3 9 0.3 0.8 0.08 N MP159 R30159 bal 19 … 7 … 9 25.5 … … 3 Ti, 0.6 Nb, 0.2 Al MP35N R30035 bal 20 … 10 … … 35 … … … bal, balance Although cobalt-base alloys are not as widely used as nickel and nickel-iron superalloys in high-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... enough so that it will no longer substitute for chromium in M 23 C 6 . Molybdenum, although used extensively in nickel-base superalloys, is used only sparingly in cobalt-base superalloys. In cobalt-base superalloys, tungsten is more effective and less detrimental than molybdenum. However, corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... method and the process described in most detail in this article, and various slurry or powder-paint methods of coating metal parts and assemblies. The most widely used coatings are those based on aluminum (aluminizing), chromium (chromizing), and silicon (siliconizing). Substrate materials include nickel...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... degradation Today (2008), cast cobalt alloys play an important role in aero- and land-based gas turbines. While vacuum cast nickel alloys predominate in the hot sections of modern aero turbine engines, cobalt alloys are routinely specified for particularly demanding applications, such as fuel nozzles and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... compositions of aluminum-base alloys in most extensive commercial use are listed in Table 8 . In these alloys, additions of silicon, copper, nickel, magnesium, and zinc function to strengthen the aluminum through solid-solution and precipitation mechanisms. Fatigue resistance and the opposing properties of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article addresses the cobalt and cobalt-base alloys most suited for aqueous environments and those suited for high temperatures. The performance of cobalt alloys in aqueous environments encountered in commercial applications is discussed. The article provides information on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and good thermal properties, but they are corrosive to common alloys used in vessels, heat exchangers, and piping at these elevated temperatures ( Ref 78 ). Chromium does not improve corrosion resistance of iron- and nickel-base alloys, because chromia has a higher solubility than iron and nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Noble metal coatings, such as platinum and iridium, can be used on molybdenum at temperatures to about 1425 °C (2595 °F). They provide a significantly longer useful life at all temperatures than the duplex chromium-nickel coatings. Coatings based on compounds with aluminum, in initial attempts, were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosion resistance of nickel-base high-chromium coatings, such as Ni49Cr2Si and Ni57CrMoSiB, was good, and they protected the substrate steel in tests performed in gas phase at 550 °C (1020 °F) in the presence of 500 ppm HCl, even in low partial pressures of oxygen. In reducing atmospheres, 500 ppm HCl...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-28 (UNS P07401 with 40% Ag, 30% Cu, 28% Zn, 2% Sn). For the brazing of stainless steel, the nickel-bearing alloy BAg-3 (UNS P07501 with 50% Ag, 15% Cu, 16% Zn, 16% Cd, 3% Ni) is most commonly used, but many other silver-base brazing alloys are applicable as well. Vacuum brazing grades, BVAg-x, are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... treating must be removed before most coating processes. Cast irons are most commonly plated with chromium, nickel, copper, cadmium, and zinc. In addition, gold, lead, and rhodium are used for specialized applications. Alloy coatings, such as brass, bronze, and tin-base compositions, are used for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... steel chromate conversion coatings chromium plating cleaning conversion coatings electrochemical finishing electrogalvanizing electroless nickel plating electroplating finishing hardfacing heat treatment high-strength low-alloy steel hot dip coatings ion implantation laser surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... formation of alumina scales on nickel-aluminum alloys: one value required for development of the alumina scale, and a larger value required for maintaining its stability. When high-temperature alloys (usually based on nickel, cobalt, or iron) containing a number of elements are exposed to oxygen at...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... scans are similar to maps except that the data are obtained in one direction only. Fig. 4 Auger electron spectroscopy overlay map of the sample surface showing multiple elements: carbon (red), nickel (blue), and silicon (green). FOV, field of view Like AES, the first piece of analytical...