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nickel-base electrodes

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... cored arc welding (FCAW) as well as the equipment used in the process. Base metals, namely, carbon and low-alloy steels, stainless steels, and nickel-base alloys, welded by the FCAW process are reviewed. The article illustrates the manufacturing process for the electrodes used in FCAW and outlines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... illustrates the semiautomatic FCAW equipment used in the gas-shielded FCAW process. The article discusses the manufacture of flux-cored electrodes and the classification of electrodes, such as carbon and low-alloy steel electrodes, stainless steel electrodes, and nickel-base electrodes. The functions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...: Ref 2 Recommended parameters for SAW of cast irons with nickel-base electrodes Table 11 Recommended parameters for SAW of cast irons with nickel-base electrodes Weld type Current Voltage,V Electrode extension Travel speed Oscillation Width Frequency, cycles/min mm in. mm/s...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... elements and pumping systems. Five types of heat-resistant alloys are used for furnace parts, trays, and fixtures: Fe-Cr alloys, Fe-Cr-Ni alloys, Fe-Ni-Cr alloys, nickel-base alloys and cobalt-base alloys. The article lists the recommended applications for alloys for parts and fixtures for various types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... electrode with nickel-base core that is machinable Because both nickel and copper are effective graphitizers, high-nickel or nickel-copper filler metals ( Table 4 ) effectively reduce carbide formation in cast iron welds. When a nickel or nickel-copper electrode is used with a short-circuiting arc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of managing a large hydrogen content. Although the nickel weld-metal deposit is virtually immune to the restraint cracking that was noted in the austenitic stainless steel welds, the use of nickel-base electrodes is restricted by their depth sensitivity. Although these electrodes are successful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-helium shielding gas flow rate at 0.71 to 0.99 m 3 /h (25 to 35 ft 3 /h); vertical welding position 1.14 mm (0.045 in.) diam electrode Typical parameters for spray transfer GMAW of nickel-base alloys Table 4(a) Typical parameters for spray transfer GMAW of nickel-base alloys Workpiece was flat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., E7010-G, and E8018-C2. Two nickel- base electrodes—Inco-Weld A (American Welding Society, or AWS, A5.11, class ENiCrFe-2) and Incoloy welding electrode 135—were tested; they were found to be cathodic to the base metal and to prevent rapid weld corrosion. The corrosion rates of these various galvanic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., 1.0 Mn 1149 2100 12 E E G C71500 Copper nickel 70 Cu, 30 Ni 1238 2260 8 E E E (a) Based on the thermal conductivity of alloy C10200 (2553.8 kJ/m 2 in meters per hour at 20 °C) as 100. For comparison, carbon steel has a thermal conductivity of 339 kJ/m 2 in meters per hour...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and nickel-base alloys. Wire diameters vary from 1.6 to 6.4 mm ( 1 16 to 1 4 in.). Carbon steel wire usually has a light copper coating, which protects the wire from corrosion and provides good electrical contact in the welding tip. Cored electrodes were developed to provide a low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... E E G C71500 Copper nickel 70 Cu, 30 Ni 1238 2260 8 E E E (a) Based on the thermal conductivity of alloy C10200 (2553.8 kJ/m 2 in meters per hour at 20 °C) as 100. For comparison, carbon steel has a thermal conductivity of 339 kJ/m 2 in meters per hour at 20 °C which is 13...
Book Chapter

By D.R. Crow
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., such as lead, cadmium, zinc, and nickel. Reduction of Cu 2+ occurs at approximately 0.0 V versus SCE in many supporting electrolytes—well to the positive side of signals for the other species that would be entirely engulfed by currents resulting from Cu 2+ . However, in cyanide-base supporting electrolytes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... of Powder-Coated Electrodes General Powder Characteristics Powder Composition Hardfacing Processes Powder Types Application of Filler Metal Mechanical Properties Metal Powder Cutting Processes Metal Powder Cutting Applications Cobalt-Base Powders Nickel-Base Powders Carbides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., and combinations of these materials. Conventional hardfacing materials, also referred to as weld overlays, are normally classified as steels or low-alloy ferrous materials, high-chromium white irons or high-alloy ferrous materials, carbides, nickel-base alloys, or cobalt-base alloys. A few copper-base alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to cracking Off-design conditions Fuel utilization ∼100% May result in cracking of protective scale, severe corrosion Oxidant utilization ∼100% Not known Electrolyte Flooded Excessive fluxing of corrosion layer Comparison of nickel-base alloy and ferritic stainless steel properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of many of the electrodes available for GMAW and SAW. Chromium-molybdenum, nickel, or nickel-chromium-copper low-alloy steel weld metals are recommended for exposed, bare, and unpainted applications of ASTM A 588 steel. Classifications EWT2, EWT4, and EWS-EW are useful for other weather-resistant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of the SMAW process and describes the equipment used. It provides information on various coated electrodes used in the SMAW process, including mild and low-alloy steel-covered electrodes, stainless steel covered electrodes, and nickel and copper alloys covered electrodes. It reviews weld schedules...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... Solid: These are wn to specific sizes and are the most commonly used type. Solid electrodes are available for welding carbon steel, low-alloy steel, stainless steel, and nickel-base alloys. A thin copper coating is usually applied to the carbon steel electrodes to enhance atmospheric corrosion...