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neutron-scattering theory

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article provides a brief introduction to neutron diffraction as well as its state-of-the-art capabilities. The discussion covers the general principles of the neutron, neutron-scattering theory, generation of neutrons, types of incident radiation, and purposes of single-crystal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., desmearing parameters, and the types of scattering curves are illustrated. ceramics ferrous metals metallic glass nonferrous metals polymers small-angle neutron scattering small-angle X-ray diffraction References 1. Guinier A , Fournet G. , Walker C.B...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... can be used. It begins with a discussion on the principles of diffraction and scattering and the effectiveness of x-ray, neutron, and electron energy sources for different types of measurements. It provides information on data collection and reduction and explains how to create atomic distribution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Nonuniform System. III. Nucleation in a Two-Component Incompressible Fluid , J. Chem. Phys. , 31 , 1959 , p 688 61. Pan A. , Rappl T. , Chandler D. , and Balsara N. , Neutron Scattering and Monte Carlo Determination of the Variation of the Critical Nucleus Size with Quench...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... dictates the form of GLFE, the coefficients in the free energy are determined from a combination of experimental structural (lattice parameter variation as a function of temperature or pressure), vibrational (e.g., phonon dispersion curves along different high-symmetry directions from neutron scattering...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...-Ray and Neutron Scattering” in this Volume. Similar information can often be obtained using electron diffraction or neutron diffraction, but the sample limitations are usually more severe and the equipment considerably more elaborate and costly. Samples are acceptable in many forms, depending on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and liquids using the pair distribution function method or complementary techniques (see the articles “Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering” and “Micro X-Ray Diffraction” in this Division). Similar or complementary information often can be obtained using electron diffraction or neutron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of the composition waves in the solid. The kinetics of a spinodal reaction can be quantitatively studied using small-angle x-ray and neutron scattering, by monitoring the change in intensity distribution around the direct beam. Fig. 5 Selected area diffraction pattern of Cu-15Ni-8Sn alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... data obtained from inelastic neutron scattering, even if the latter are invariably confined to somewhat larger wave vectors than are available to SWR. Finally, in working with single-crystal samples, use of x-ray techniques for identifying the relevant high symmetry directions is invaluable to the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... in the solid. The kinetics of a spinodal reaction can be quantitatively studied using small-angle x-ray and neutron scattering, by monitoring the change in intensity distribution around the direct beam. Fig. 17 Selected area diffraction pattern of Cu-15Ni-8Sn alloy showing satellites from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... structure of the surfaces under study. Most of these techniques are based on bombarding the surface with photons, x-rays, ions, neutrons, or electrons and analyzing the radiation emitted and/or reflected from the surface. Other techniques use other interactions, such as physical probing of the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... surfaces. These techniques provide data about the physical topography, physical properties, chemical composition, and chemical structure of the surfaces under study. Most of these techniques are based on bombarding the surface with species such as photons, x-rays, ions, neutrons, or electrons and analyzing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... summarizes the theory of XRD analysis and describes advances in equipment capability. measurement depth selection measurement location selection measurement validation residual-stress analysis sample selection specimen preparation X-ray diffraction X-RAY DIFFRACTION (XRD) residual-stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... energy of the neutrons by scattering. Neutron radiography differs from conventional radiography in that the attenuation of neutrons as they pass through the test piece is more related to the specific isotope present than to density or atomic number. X-rays are attenuated more by elements of high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... ). Common particle size measuring techniques include: Sieve analysis Quantitative microscopy Fraunhofer diffraction Neutron/x-ray scattering Time-of-flight Sedimentation Electrical zone sensing Mie diffraction Centrifugal sedimentation Packed bed permeability (Fisher subsieve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... voids clustered together or in lines. The neutron radiograph shown in Fig. 4(a) confirms the presence of porosity in the bond lines visible to the eye in Fig. 4(b) . Porosity is detected equally well using conventional radiography or neutron radiography ( Fig. 5 ). Scattered linear and dendritic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... progress has been made in extending conventional analysis of neutron-scattering data to simultaneously obtain information on texture, crystal structure, elastic strains, and grain size ( Ref 10 ). Thus, neutron diffraction proves to be useful (especially compared to x-rays) for large specimens, cases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... technique of producing images of a solid material on a paper/photographic film or on a fluorescent screen by means of radiation—particles (neutrons) or electromagnetic waves of short wavelength (x-rays and γ-rays). The image/photograph so produced is called a radiograph. In this section, the radiography...