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neutron-scattering theory

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article provides a brief introduction to neutron diffraction as well as its state-of-the-art capabilities. The discussion covers the general principles of the neutron, neutron-scattering theory, generation of neutrons, types of incident radiation, and purposes of single-crystal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., desmearing parameters, and the types of scattering curves are illustrated. ceramics ferrous metals metallic glass nonferrous metals polymers small-angle neutron scattering small-angle X-ray diffraction Overview Introduction Small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and small-angle neutron...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... it can be used. It begins with a discussion on the principles of diffraction and scattering and the effectiveness of x-ray, neutron, and electron energy sources for different types of measurements. It provides information on data collection and reduction and explains how to create atomic distribution...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... a sam- bombardment. See also neutron activation analytical electron microscopy (AEM). ple due to regions of different mass den- analysis. The technique of materials analysis in the sity and thickness. transmission electron microscope adsorption chromatography. Chromatog- equipped to detect and quantify...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... in the trans- density. analysis based on the detection of character- mission electron microscope equipped to istic radionuclides following nuclear bom- detect and quantify many different signals absorption (of electromagnetic radiation). A bardment. See also neutron activation from the specimen. The technique...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of radiation in radiographic inspection, including X-rays and gamma rays. It deals with the characteristics that differentiate neutron radiography from X-ray or gamma-ray radiography. The geometric principles of shadow formation, image conversion, variation of attenuation with test-piece thickness, and many...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... waves in the solid. The kinetics of a spinodal reaction can be quantitatively studied using small-angle x-ray and neutron scattering, by monitoring the change in intensity distribution around the direct beam. Fig. 5 Selected area diffraction pattern of Cu-15Ni-8Sn alloy showing satellites from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... some information may be obtained on amorphous solids and liquids using the pair distribution function method or complementary techniques (see the articles “Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering” and “Micro X-Ray Diffraction” in this Division). Similar or complementary information often can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... techniques include: Sieve analysis Quantitative microscopy Fraunhofer diffraction Neutron/x-ray scattering Time-of-flight Sedimentation Electrical zone sensing Mie diffraction Centrifugal sedimentation Packed bed permeability (Fisher subsieve analyzer) Photon correlation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...-Ray and Neutron Scattering” in this Volume. Similar information can often be obtained using electron diffraction or neutron diffraction, but the sample limitations are usually more severe and the equipment considerably more elaborate and costly. Samples are acceptable in many forms, depending...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and suitable for imaging single crystals of large cross section with thickness ranging from hundreds of micrometers to several millimeters. Different imperfections are identified through interpretation of contrast using well-established kinematical and dynamical theories of x-ray diffraction. The capability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...), the temperature of the sample must be as low as possible, and the data of significant intensity are required to be a much higher resolution (lower d -spacings, equivalent to higher sin θ/λ in the Bragg equation) than for standard structure determinations, unless complementary neutron diffraction data also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of the electromagnetic nature of x-rays was presented by British scientists William Henry Bragg and his son William Lawrence Bragg. It was suggested that x-rays are reflected within the crystal from translucent mirror planes formed by atoms. Registered reflections from lamellar crystals of mica confirmed this theory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article provides a detailed account of extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). It begins with a description of the fundamentals of EXAFS, providing information on the physical mechanism, single-scattering approximation, and multiple-scattering effects. This is followed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... orientation, strain rate, thermal aging, and neutron irradiation on base metal and weld toughness. It discusses the effect of cold-work-induced strengthening on fracture toughness. The article examines the fracture toughness behavior of aged base metal and welding-induced heat-affected zones. It concludes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... range of reflections. In recent years, significant progress has been made in extending conventional analysis of neutron-scattering data to simultaneously obtain information on texture, crystal structure, elastic strains, and grain size ( Ref 10 ). Thus, neutron diffraction proves to be useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... lines visible to the eye in Fig. 4(b) . Porosity is detected equally well using conventional radiography or neutron radiography ( Fig. 5 ). Scattered linear and dendritic porosity is usually found in adhesives supported with a matte carrier. Linear porosity generally occurs near the outer edge...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... or technique of producing images of a solid material on a paper/photographic film or on a fluorescent screen by means of radiation—particles (neutrons) or electromagnetic waves of short wavelength (x-rays and γ-rays). The image/photograph so produced is called a radiograph. In this section, the radiography...