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neutron powder diffraction

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... research. It describes the instrumentation required for, and advancements made in, neutron powder diffraction. The article further explains the texture and residual stress (macrostresses and microstresses) problems that are analyzed using the neutron powder diffraction method. It also outlines the single...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., analysis, and visualization of neutron diffraction data Program Ref Website Primary focus EXPO2014 64 http://www.ba.ic.cnr.it/softwareic/expo/ Structure solution from powder, direct methods FOX 65 https://fox.vincefn.net/ Structure solution from powder, simulated annealing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of their atoms. XRD techniques are equally applicable to other crystalline materials, such as ceramics, geologic materials, and most inorganic chemical compounds. Overview of X-Ray Diffraction Identification of Compounds and Phases Using X-Ray Powder Diffraction Measurement of Lattice Parameter Changes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...). Source: Ref 4 As noted in the section “Identification of Compounds and Phases Using X-Ray Powder Diffraction,” predictable and reproducible intensities are obtained for the diffracted beams corresponding to particular sets of planes in a given material, provided the sample consists...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... electron microscopy CBED convergent-beam electron diffraction DRS diffuse reflectance spectroscopy EDS energy-dispersive spectroscopy EELS electron energy loss spectroscopy ENAA epithermal neutron activation analysis EPMA electron probe x-ray microanalysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... in which it can be used. It begins with a discussion on the principles of diffraction and scattering and the effectiveness of x-ray, neutron, and electron energy sources for different types of measurements. It provides information on data collection and reduction and explains how to create atomic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... optical emission spectroscopy, high-temperature combustion, and inert gas fusion. This is followed by a section on techniques for determining the atomic structure of crystals, namely X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, and electron diffraction. Types of electron microscopies most commonly used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., high-energy electrons, or neutrons that undergo wave interference with the regular arrangement of atoms in a crystalline lattice. Crystal diffraction techniques can be used to give both qualitative and quantitative data on the phases present. By far the most common technique used is x-ray powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... include pole figure measurement and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). The article describes the process considerations for pole figure measurement, including X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, stereographic projection, equal area projection, graphing pole figures, typical textures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...X-ray diffraction analysis Table 1 X-ray diffraction analysis Type of analysis Method Sample Lattice parameters and symmetry Automatic: Indexing, space group determination from extinct reflections, refinement Single crystal Indexing, space group determination from powder...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... in the ceramic. Each of these can be considered at a number of different levels of detail. The identity of a crystalline phase, for example, can be easily determined in most cases by x-ray powder diffraction. Details of crystal perfection, lattice ordering, residual lattice strains, and so on require more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003744
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... (ICOTOM 7) , Netherlands Society for Materials Science , 1984 , p 857 – 862 38. Brokmeier H.-G. , Texture Analysis by Neutron Diffraction , Mater. Sci. Forum , Vol 156–157 , 1994 , p 59 – 70 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.157-162.59 39. Morawiec A. and Field D.P...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...X-ray diffraction analysis Table 1 X-ray diffraction analysis Type of analysis Method Sample Crystal geometry Moving crystal-spot pattern Single crystal Computer positioned diffractometer Single crystal Solution of d -spacing equations Powder Arrangement of atoms...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... in polycrystalline bodies. Straightforward methods of x-ray (or neutron) diffraction can be used to map grain orientations averaged over many grains to indicate prominent or most probable orientations. Texture measurement has become more prevalent over the past 20 years with the broadening of the analytical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... elastoplasticity is treated as the flow rule ( Ref 8 ). It is common practice to use such a model when studying the operative deformation mechanisms during the elastic-plastic transition and the intergranluar strains that arise, measured by neutron or synchrotron x-ray diffraction ( Ref 9 , Ref 10 , Ref 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... ˜ −165 (−24) 6061 Plate 25 × 20 × 160 1 × 0.8 × 6.3 530 990 σ min ˜ −100 (−15) 2017A Plate 25 × 25 × 160 1 × 1 × 6.3 510 950 σ min ˜ −170 (−25) … … 7010 Forging 300 × 215 × 215 11.8 × 8.5 × 8.5 470 880 Water, 20 °C (70 °F) Neutron diffraction σ max = 350 (51) σ min...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... in powder x-ray diffraction and the geometry of a point-detector setup Fig. 5 Illustration of Bragg’s law. The path in red marks the extra length the x-rays go through when scattered by the second plane of atoms. Fig. 8 (a) Photocrystallography experiment setup at the ChemMatCARS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... counter. Each particle that is accelerated in the gas stream is measured and recorded. Other methods such as laser diffraction produce more of an “average” particle size distribution. For spherical powders, both laser diffraction and time-of-flight report very similar data. One of the advantages...