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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Natural and synthetic rubber linings are used extensively in many industries for their corrosion and/or abrasion resistance. These industries include transportation, chemical processing, water treatment, power, mineral processing, and mining. This article provides information on soft...
Book Chapter

By Rebecca Tuszynski
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the properties, chemical structures, and applications of different types of elastomers grouped based on their resistance to aging (oxidative degradation), solvents, and temperature. These include butadiene rubber, natural rubber, isoprene rubber, chloroprene...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... where adjacent rubber sheets join are of particular concern, because most rubber lining failures occur at the seams. Rubber sheets used for corrosion protection usually comprise two or more different types of rubbers laminated together to form the finalized sheet. Natural rubbers derived from latex...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... nonferrous metals. The article reviews the various types of forming processes such as blanking, piercing, fine-edge blanking, press bending, press forming, forming by multiple-slide machines, deep drawing, stretch forming, spinning, rubber-pad forming, three-roll forming, contour roll forming, drop hammer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... recent development. Polymeric materials include plastics, rubbers, and elastomers. Subcategories of plastics are thermoplastics, materials that can be formed using heat and generally also under pressure, and thermoset plastics, materials that undergo a plastic stage during formation and become cross...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene Finger joints Silicone Sutures Polylactic and polyglycolic acid Tracheal tubes Silicone, acrylic, nylon Catheters Polyurethane, silicone rubber, Teflon (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company) Heart pacemaker Acetal, polyethylene, polyurethane...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...). Specimen etched with nital Abrasive wheels should be selected according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Wheels consist of abrasive particles, chiefly alumina or silicon carbide (SiC), and filler in a binder material that may be a resin, rubber, or a mixture of resin and rubber. Alumina is the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Titanium alloys are often used in highly corrosive environments because they are better suited than most other materials. The excellent corrosion resistance is the result of naturally occurring surface oxide films that are stable, uniform, and adherent. This article offers explanations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... only to minimize product/steel interaction, a thin-film inorganic zinc may be used, such as when shipping solvents. Natural rubber lining is based on the rubber derived from the sap of the rubber tree. Compounded with various additives such as pigments and vulcanizers, the dried sap is formed into...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... installation if it has to go over a sharp edge that cuts the part. Another common cause of mechanical damage is a dynamic application that causes abrasion of the elastomer surface. Natural rubber (NR) is derived from the sap of a number of plants in the form of latex. The typical structure for natural rubber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... dimensions. A number of chemistries exist, including natural and synthetic rubbers, fluoroelastomers, polyurethane rubbers, and silicon- and oxygen-bearing rubbers. Within each family are subsets, each with different chemical and mechanical properties. These elastomers are created in a process known as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0006515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology nm nanometer NMP N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone NMR nuclear magnetic resonance No. number NR natural rubber; nitrile resin NTC negative temperature coefficient OBPA oxybisphenoxy arsine OD...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... fibers, and packaging films, and is also used as an engineering plastic. Its structure may be represented by: Hydrocarbon polymers may also have more complex mer units. An example is that of the naturally occurring polymer known as natural rubber: Structures of other common hydrocarbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... amide Pebax PEBA Catheters—accessories; vascular clamps; catheters; vascular strippers Natural rubber NR, natural polyisoprene Fixation devices Catheters—accessories; catheters Epoxides Epoxy ASTM F641 Polyepoxide Fixation devices Pacemakers; stents; defibrillators; catheters...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Designations and general electrical applications for elastomers Elastomer designation Chemical type Major electrical applications Trade name or common name ASTM D 1418 Natural rubber NR Natural polyisoprene The best electrical grades are excellent in most electrical properties at room...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... formation of new groups, such as carbonyl (─ C ═ O) groups, using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Because there have been many investigations of the outdoor oxidative degradation of natural rubber, considerable information is available on the photooxidative degradation of polymers. Because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... PSAs are used in medical tapes and transdermal drug-delivery systems. The PSAs are made from formulations based on the following resin families: Rubbers, such as natural rubber, butyl rubber (polyisobutylene), and nitrile rubber Acrylates, such as isooctyl acrylate and ethylhexylacrylate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...: Polyamide, polyester Elastomers: Neoprene, nitrile rubber, styrene-butadiene block copolymers Polyolefins: Natural rubber, polybutadiene, polypropylene Natural glues: Casein, hide glue, fish glue, vegetable glue Performance is defined as the ability of the adhesive to meet the needs of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Ethylene ethyl acrylate 190 361 Polyurethane plastic 190 361 Ethyl cellulose 185 358 Acrylic coating 180 355 Ionomer 180 355 Natural rubber 180 355 Nitrocellulose coating 180 355 Styrene butadiene elastomer 180 355 Synthetic isoprene 180 355 Polystyrene 175...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Thermoplastic PSU Surgical instruments/trays Polyetheretherketone Thermoplastic PEEK Suture anchors, spinal fusion, orthopaedic implants Polyurethane Thermoplastic elastomer, thermoset PUR, TPU Tubing, catheters, shunts, drug patches Silicone Rubber SI Heart components, tracheal tubes...