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nanoscale 3D X-ray microscopy

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... These include serial sectioning, focused ion beam tomography, atom probe tomography, and X-ray microtomography. Nine case studies are presented that represent the work of the various research groups currently working on 3D microscopy using serial sectioning and illustrate the variants of the basic experimental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... chromatography; LC-MS: liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry; XRD: x-ray diffraction; TEM: transmission electron microscopy; OM: optical microscopy; SEM: scanning electron microscopy; AFM: atomic force microscopy; EPMA: electron probe microanalysis; SAXS: x-ray solution scattering; AES: Auger electron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... transmission electron microscopy) in the same FIB-SEM instrument. There also are specialized stages that offer long-range nanometer accuracy in X , Y positioning through the use of laser interferometers. Such precision is essential for lithographic applications when multiple write fields must be matched...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... in morphology, phases present, and microstructure when examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), XRD, optical microscopy, and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Fig. 3 Sieve residue of 17-4 PH stainless steel after using multiple times. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 4 Distribution of Inconel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... direction grow faster. This competition eliminates other grains and forms the columnar-grain-dominated microstructures ( Ref 41 ). This feature is consistent with x-ray diffraction (XRD) results. As shown in Fig. 13 , the XRD pattern of the sample (the longitudinal section) prepared by DED has only two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... welding, mechanized tape layering, and computer numerical control (CNC) machining operations to create three-dimensional (3D) metal parts ( Ref 1 , 2 ). The process uses metal foils, including tapes, as feedstock and lays down layers side by side and on top of each other, creating a 3D part...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., matrix grain size, and absolute size) Relative amounts of reinforcement phase, vol% Starting amount, intervals Reinforcement phase distribution Continuous (1D, 2D, 3D) or discontinuous (graded, random) Crystallography Alignment of features (twins, cleavage, etc.) Source: Ref 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
.... The addition of manganese, titanium, and zirconium reduces the poor workability of Cu-Al-Ni SMAs by refining their microstructure. Limited amounts of titanium favor the precipitation of the X -phase (Cu 2 ZrTi), while addition of zirconium leads to the formation of the isomorphous Y -phase (Cu 2 ZrAl...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006497
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... 279 40 323 47 1 67 HRB T6 473 69 497 72 1 87 HRB Adapted from Ref 43 A number of studies have also assessed the precipitates in conventional aluminum PM alloys. For instance, transmission electron microscopy work on A-2014 has confirmed that sintered products...