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municipal solid

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... equipment. The off-gases can be classified according to their corrosiveness as: industrial chemical, hospital, municipal solid, and sewage sludge. The article provides information on the selection of materials for the three most common types of dust collection equipment used in bulk solids processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... on heat-transfer surfaces. The moisture content and the ash, sulfur, and chlorine content of biofuels, coal, and municipal solid waste (MSW) are given in Table 1 ( Ref 13 , 14 ). The chlorine content of coals varies from less than 0.005 to almost 1 wt% ( Ref 15 ). Chlorine in coals is in the form...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in the combustion of municipal waste. From these data, it can be concluded that gaseous HCl plays no significant role in causing significant wastage rates observed for both waterwalls and superheaters. THE COMBUSTION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE in a waste-to-energy (WTE) boiler for power generation produces a very...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., is a major resource. Agricultural wastes are also important, and there are now plants and trees that are being specifically grown for fuel use. Various wastes, such as industrial wastes and municipal solid wastes (MSWs), are increasingly being used as fuels. These fuels also contain impurities of one kind...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... processes which occur in water-recirculating systems and the effect of dissolved gases, temperature, pH, suspended solids, dissolved salts, and scale deposition on corrosivity of water, are also reviewed. The article also considers anodic and cathodic inhibitors and the control of corrosion in municipal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005746
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Corrosion Protection of Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Superheaters by HVOF Thermal Spray Coatings J.M. Guilemany, M. Torrell, S. Dosta, and J.R. Miguel International Thermal Spray Conference and Exposition 2008 Molten Zinc Corrosion of WC-Co Coatings in Al-Added Zinc Bath T.-S. Huang, Kaohsiung...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...Most common generic coating systems used in municipal wastewater systems Table 2 Most common generic coating systems used in municipal wastewater systems Structure: collection system Interior or exterior Substrate Recommended surface-preparation methods(s) Coating lining system...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Melting System , U.S. Patent 4,286,985 , 1981 9. Szekely A.G. , Vortex Reactor and Method for Adding Solids to Molten Metal Therewith , U.S. Patent 4,298,377 , 1981 10. Neff D.V. , in Proceedings of TMS Fall Meeting , AIME , 1985 , p 57 – 72 11. Claxton R.J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.../epoxy/urethane coating system Fig. 2 Prestressed concrete tank with exterior acrylic coating. Courtesy of DN Tanks Fig. 1 Simplified flow diagram of municipal water system Fig. 5 Water treatment system Fig. 8 Exterior painting of an elevated water tank...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...: scrap generated during manufacturing, including rejected parts; same as prompt scrap Post-consumer scrap: scrap generated by recycling discarded products Recyclables: municipal-waste generated post-consumer scrap Salvaging metal from post-consumer scrap is more complex in terms...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...: scrap generated during manufacturing, including rejected parts; same as prompt scrap Post-consumer scrap: scrap generated by recycling discarded products Recyclables: municipal-waste generated post-consumer scrap Salvaging metal from post-consumer scrap is more complex in terms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Conference , McDonnell Douglas Co. , 27–29 Oct 1992 20. Grobin A.W. Jr. , Hydrogen Embrittlement Problems , ASTM Standardization News , March 1990 , p 30 – 34 21. “Preliminary Use and Substitutes Analysis of Lead and Cadmium in Products in Municipal Solid Waste,” U.S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... sorting. Metal scrap often contains high levels of low-density impurities. Municipal waste consists mostly of waste paper and plastic; the shredder fluff from auto shredding contains small amounts of metal and large amounts of organic material from the carpets, dashboard, and so on. When the fraction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... through the scale ( Ref 11 , 12 ). In extreme cases, iron chloride is formed at the metal/scale interface, which then leads to severe metal loss via vaporization of FeCl x , a mechanism similar to that found in municipal solid waste boilers. A direct correlation of corrosion rate with the coal chlorine...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... through an electrostatic or eddy-current separator to remove aluminum. The retained PET may be sold as flake, or it may be extruded and pelletized. Some reprocessors further heat the PET pellets at 170 to 220 °C (340 to 430 °F) under a nitrogen purge for 10 to 30 h. This process, called solid stating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are summarized in Fig. 3 . As with all environmental regulations, a variety of exclusions apply. If a waste is not hazardous, it generally can be discarded as municipal waste. If it is hazardous, the facility is regulated. Fig. 3 Criteria for determining whether a solid waste is hazardous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Explosion welding (EXW) is a solid-state metal-joining process that uses explosive force to create an electron-sharing metallurgical bond between two metal components. This article discusses the process attributes of EXW, including metallurgical attributes, metal combinations...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Incineration Environment,” Paper 248, Corrosion/91, National Association of Corrosion Engineers International , 1991 39. Krause H.H. , J. Mater. Energy Syst. , Vol 7 , 1986 , p 322 40. Krause H.H. , Hot Corrosion in Boilers Burning Municipal Solid Waste , Corrosion , Vol 13...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the seam is submerged under a solid flux while being welded. The weld is made in two passes, one from inside the pipe and the other from outside the pipe, with approximately half the wall thickness being welded in each pass. The maximum diameter is limited only by the capability of the forming equipment...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., oxygen activities, and desulfurization ratios, measured and calculated, for a cupola operated with municipal ferrous refuse as a charge material. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 4 Equilibrium sulfur concentrations for CaO desulfurization calculated with Eq 11 and 12 , assuming a CaO = a CaS...