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multistage thermal processing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005599
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... 1 , 33 Fig. 11 Schematic diagrams showing the microstructure evolution during multistage thermal processing of Al-Mg-Si alloys involving heat treatment and welding. AA, artificial aging; W, welding; PWHT, postweld heat treatment. The outer boundary of the heat-affected zone is indicated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... <xref rid="a0005128-ref1" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 1)</xref> Hammers for Forming Tooling Lubricants Blank Preparation Drop Hammer Coining Multistage Forming Control of Buckling Processing of Steels Processing of Aluminum Alloys Processing of Magnesium Alloys Processing of Titanium Alloys Drop Hammer Forming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., with the intent of monitoring via an inspection scheme. This article begins with a discussion on the stages of the fatigue damage process. It describes hierarchical multistage fatigue modeling and several key points regarding the physics of crack nucleation and microstructurally small crack propagation in the HCF...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... of Rectangular Shell Using Multistage Incremental Forming with Spherical and Cylindrical Rollers , J. Mater. Process. Technol. , Vol 130–131 , 2002 , p 675 – 679 10.1016/S0924-0136(02)00735-5 4. Iseki H. , Kato K. , and Sakamoto S. , Flexible and Incremental Sheet Metal Bulging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... relieving. It discusses the simulation techniques of the electromagnetic and thermal processes that occur during induction heat treating. The article explains the finite-difference method, finite-element method, mutual impedance method, and boundary-element method for the numerical computation...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... refers to the postsolidification thermal processing (both heating and cooling cycles) to achieve a desired set of material properties. Fortunately, the properties of most commercial alloys can be tailored by selecting a suitable heat treatment. In this article, the discussion is limited to heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., and the technique is able to determine energy changes related to thermal decomposition reactions. For example, a chemical reaction such as curing of thermosets is a condensation reaction, and water or ammonia may be released during the process of reaction. This results in a change in mass of the sample in addition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... (25 to 360 lb/h) Thermal capacity, up to 8870 kJ/h (8400 Btu/h) Although liquid nitrogen at –195 °C (–320 °F) may be employed, it is used less frequently than any of the previous methods because of its cost. One distinct difference from cold treatment is that cryogenic processing requires...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... in “Electroplated Coatings,” “Continuous Hot Dip Coatings,” “Batch Process Hot Dip Galvanizing,” and “Thermal Spray Coatings” in ASM Handbook , Vol 13A. From the standpoint of corrosion protection of iron and steel, metallic coatings can be classified into two types—noble coatings and sacrificial coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Metal-cleaning processes Table 1 Metal-cleaning processes Cleaning process Cleaning media Application Effectiveness Emulsion cleaning: For intermittent or occasional cleaning Particles of soils are suspended in cleaning medium, then separated from surface Prepare...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... experience difficulties in simulating certain subtleties of the induction heating process, including but not limited to: The presence of thermal refractory can have steady-state or transient thermal conditions. Motion of heated workpiece. The heated bar or billet can continuously move through...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... that constitute the joint and explains how each contributes to performance. It also discusses adhesive selection factors, joint design, and testing procedures. adhesive bonding joint design surface preparation thermoplastic resins thermosetting resins ADHESIVE BONDING is a materials-joining process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... temperature Δ t C5 for varying discharge pressure p d and rotational speed N of the vane pump for different inlet oil temperatures t in (VG32, t in = 50 °C, or 120 °F) Fig. 11 Early stages of centrifugal pump cavitation and damage Fig. 9 Cross-sectional view of a multistage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005888
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Final surface-to-core temperature profiles when heating 51 mm (2 in.) diameter billets (a) at a slower rate using a conventional induction line designed for processing 63.5 mm (2.5 in.) billets and (b) at a nominal rate. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 14 Magnetic properties of steel. (a) Effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 70 (a) Current density, 10 A/dM 2 (100 A/ft 2 ) Fig. 1 Section of an acid cleaning tank. Inner lining of brick acts only as a thermal shield and as a protection against mechanical damage to the corrosion-resistant polyvinyl chloride or rubber membrane. Fig. 2 Rack used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... , American Welding Society , Miami, FL , 2007 , p 452 – 502 4. Arata Y. , Development and Application of a Strong Focusing Electron Beam Gun with Multistage Electromagnetic Accelerating Units , Plasma, Electron &amp; Laser Beam Technology: Development and Use in Materials Processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in the surface and subsurface layers gives rise to generation and propagation of cracks and, finally, to separation of wear debris. The damage of friction surfaces and the formation of wear debris from polymer fatigue is a multistage process ( Ref 25 , 26 , 27 ). Because friction contact is discrete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... ( No. 1–2 ), 2002 , p 113 – 121 10.1016/S0921-5093(01)01678-1 4. Van Geertruyden W.H. , Misiolek W.Z. , Lea G.G. , and Kelly R.M. , Thermal Cycle Simulation of 6xxx Aluminum Alloy Extrusion , Proc. Seventh International Extrusion Technology Seminar ( Chicago, IL...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., such as physical vapor deposition (PVD), the structure of the coating can be controlled to a certain extent by the choice of deposition parameters. In other technologies, such as weld surfacing or diffusion treatment, it is the thermal history of the component surface that dictates microstructure. Good process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... in Hot Die Lubrication , Proc. 10th ICTP , 2005 47. Liu G.W. , Morsi Y.S. , and Clayton B.R. , Characterization of the Spray Cooling Heat Transfer Involved in a High Pressure Die Casting Process , Int. J. Thermal Sci. , Vol 39 , 2000 , p 582 – 591 48. Aoyama S...