1-20 of 20 Search Results for

multidirectional solidification

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-spheroidal graphite eutectic, and austenite-iron carbide eutectic. The article provides a discussion on primary austenite and primary graphite. It also describes the growth of eutectic in cast iron in terms of isothermal solidification, directional solidification, and multidirectional solidification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract Solidification of cast iron alloys brings about volumetric changes. This article describes direct measurements of volume changes with an illustration of the analysis of volumetric changes during solidification of cast iron with the use of a specially designed riser combined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract The solidification of hypoeutectic cast iron starts with the nucleation and growth of austenite dendrites, while that of hypereutectic iron starts with the crystallization of primary graphite in the stable system or cementite in the metastable system. This article begins...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... silica Lowers composite expansion Beta encryptite (lithium aluminosilicate) Electrical conduction Carbon powder or fibers Source: Ref 5 Manufacturing of Composites The manufacturing process shapes the composite laminate through a cure, or solidification, cycle consisting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... even at relatively high weld cooling rates. Due to its single-phase mode of solidification (i.e., absence of low-melting-point eutectics), Ti-6Al-4V is also highly resistant to solidification- and liquation-related cracking. However, the occurrence of solid-state cracking and the formation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... casting is favored by a small range of solidification temperature, which drops from about 78 °C (140 °F) at 1% Si to zero at about 12% Si. Good feeding characteristics to minimize shrinkage porosity are benefited by a profile of volume fraction solidified versus temperature that is weighted toward...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... mining trucks as part of the chassis, because of durability and resistance to impact loads. Steel castings in truck frames have been leveraged to minimize stress concentrations, handle multidirectional loading, and relocate welds to lower-stressed regions. Steel is commonly thought of as a high-strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... or from standard test bars, such as microslugs, ears, or keel bars; however, the microstructure of these pieces may not be representative for the actual casting due to substantial differences in the solidification rates. Sectioning Sectioning is a very critical preparation step, because...
Book Chapter

By Malcolm Blair
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... properties. However, cast steels do not exhibit the effects of directionality on mechanical properties that are typical of wrought steels. This nondirectional characteristic of cast steel mechanical properties may be advantageous when service conditions involve multidirectional loading. Another...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002481
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... into two groups ( Fig. 5 ): expendable-mold and permanent-mold processes. Choice of process and mold material is greatly influenced by the melting point of the alloy. A vital issue is avoidance of voids (due to insufficient feeding of melt) and porosity (due to dendritic solidification and the presence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... of the great difference in temperature of the mold surfaces and the liquid metal Pipe Pipe is a condition that develops in the nominal top centerline of the ingot as the result of solidification of the molten metal from the top down and from the mold walls to the center of the ingot ( Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of whiskers or fiber can be used. Multidirectional, continuous fiber preforms can also be used. The reaction-bonding temperatures for most systems are generally lower than the sintering temperatures, so that fiber degradation can be avoided. One great disadvantage of this process is that high...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... elements, as listed in Table 3 , on the hardness of normalized ductile irons. Source: Ref 14 As section size decreases, the solidification and cooling rates in the mold increase. This results in a fine-grained structure that can be annealed more rapidly. In thinner sections, however, carbides may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... or bainite 260–350 120-90-02 Tempered martensite 350–550 120-90-02 Austenite 140–160 High alloy As section size decreases, the solidification and cooling rates in the mold increase. This results in a fine-grained structure that can be annealed more rapidly. In thinner sections, however...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006883
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.9781627081993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... melting, casting, and heat-treating practices. Cast iron is produced by adding excess amounts of carbon to an austenite structure. During solidification, a portion of this carbon separates from the melt as either iron carbide or graphite. The form that the excess carbon takes is determined by the rate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6