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multiaxial loading

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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 12a Schematic showing S-N curves for multiaxial loading and surface and equal cycles to failure More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... and multiaxial loading. deposited coatings interlayer fabrication interlayer strain interlayer thickness mechanical properties microstructure multiaxial loading shear loading soft-interlayer welds solid-state welds stress-corrosion cracking tensile loading THE UTILIZATION OF METAL INTER...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... concludes with a discussion on multiaxial loading. fabrication mechanical properties microstructure multiaxial loading shear loading tensile loading THE UTILIZATION OF METAL INTERLAYERS for solid-state welding can be an appropriate joining method when brittle intermetallic compound formation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... effects and multiaxial loadings provide significant challenges. Reference 2 gives an introduction to the current research in this area. In addition, the design methods reviewed in this article focus principally on smooth and notched components. Mechanically fastened joints and welded joints require...
Image
Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 5 Multiaxial creep test results for a pressurized P91 tube with end load at 600 °C (1100 °F) under various ratios of hoop stress to axial stress and with constant initial von Mises stress More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... and differences between proportional and nonproportional loading are first introduced to facilitate discussion of various correlating parameters. Some basic correlations for multiaxial fatigue also are presented. Fatigue crack “initiation” parameters are reviewed, ranging from simple effective stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... have led to a good understanding of the physical processes involved, they often do not provide sufficient information to predict the behavior of high-temperature components. Load bearing parts at elevated temperatures are often subjected to multiaxial loading conditions that drive the deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... initial von Mises stress. In the same figure, the continuum damage mechanics (CDM) model predictions are shown for three different multiaxial stress rupture criterion: von Mises, Tresca, and Huddleston. Fig. 5 Multiaxial creep test results for a pressurized P91 tube with end load at 600 °C (1100 °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., therefore, mechanics-based design equations can often be used to predict the approximate behavior of the material under complex stresses from the measurements of mechanical behavior under uniaxial tension or compression. There are, however, many applications when testing under multiaxial loads is useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... and particularly the behavior of small fatigue cracks. The influence of loading history and phases is also a topic of recent studies. Cylindrical specimens or tubular specimens are mostly used for these studies. Perhaps the most important recent topic in multiaxial fatigue studies is the behavior of cracks...
Image
Published: 01 November 1995
(constant-stress-rate loading) data. Strength degradation in water is predicted for a dynamic load of 1 MPa/s. A mixed-mode fracture criterion was chosen to account for the change in surface flaw reliability for multiaxial stress states. Source: Ref 13 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for uniaxial or multiaxial fatigue testing of polymers ( Ref 3 – 5 ). Load conditions include bending, torsion, and axial, while specimen geometries include flat (for uniaxial) or tubular (for multiaxial), with or without an introduced geometric notch. There is an alternate approach to the initiation...
Image
Published: 01 November 1995
Fig. 21 Approximate multiaxial failure envelope for monolithic ceramics. Uniaxial loadings lie on the axes. Tensile stresses are positive and compression stresses are negative. Failure occurs for any combination of σ 1 , σ 2 that lies outside the envelope. σ 1 , tensile stress; σ 2 , modest More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the matrix plastic behavior, and it is shown that the effective yield strength of a fully bonded composite is increased over that of the matrix material. Further details are presented in the section on discontinuous composites. Multiaxial Loading For loading other than in the 0° or 90° direction, one...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the shape of cracks in complex geometric structures subject to complex, multiaxial loading. In the early 2000's these model approaches were two-dimensional, but now fully three-dimensional methods are available, for example, FRANC3D ( Ref 4 ) and Zencrack ( Ref 27 ). These advanced tools can read meshes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... for tensile strength. It reviews life prediction reliability models used for predicting the life of a component with complex geometry and loading. The article outlines reliability algorithms and presents several applications to illustrate the utilization of these reliability algorithms in structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... growth rates below the LEFM threshold, and a fatigue limit for constant amplitude loading are reproduced by the simplified model. McDowell ( Ref 27 , 28 ) further introduced extensions of these kinds of simplified models to achieve consistency with multiaxial fatigue parameters ( Ref 9 ) and strain-life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... multiaxial cyclic loading often produces additional strain hardening, which is not usually observed under proportional loading conditions. The reason for the additional hardening is the interaction of slip planes, because many more slip planes are active during nonproportional loading due to the change...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., that is, there is not sufficient resin present to wet and/or impregnate all the fibers by the manual consolidation operation (homogenization process). Consequently, this will result in a drop of properties, as indicated in Fig. 1 . The use of woven roving (WR) and multiaxial fabrics makes it possible to tailor the direction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... under uniaxial versus multiaxial tensile-stress conditions. Mesoscale models incorporate the influence of local microstructure and texture on cavitation. The article outlines the descriptions of cavity coalescence and shrinkage. It also describes the simulation of the tension test to predict tensile...