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multiaxial loading

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...: the interlayer thickness, the interlayer strain, and the interlayer fabrication method. It also provides information on stress-corrosion cracking of interlayers and stress behavior of these interlayers during shear and multiaxial loading. References References 1. Niemann J.T. , Sopher R.P...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... The article concludes with a discussion on multiaxial loading. fabrication mechanical properties microstructure multiaxial loading shear loading tensile loading THE UTILIZATION OF METAL INTERLAYERS for solid-state welding can be an appropriate joining method when brittle intermetallic compound...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... effects and multiaxial loadings provide significant challenges. Reference 2 gives an introduction to the current research in this area. In addition, the design methods reviewed in this article focus principally on smooth and notched components. Mechanically fastened joints and welded joints require...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... in Multiaxial Fatigue , STP 1191, McDowell D. L. and Ellis R. , Ed., ASTM , 1993 , p 85 – 106 20. Halford G.R. and Morrow J. , Proc. ASTM , Vol 62 , 1962 , p 695 – 709 21. Garud Y.S. , A New Approach to the Evaluation of Fatigue under Multiaxial Loading...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... not provide sufficient information to predict the behavior of high-temperature components. Load bearing parts at elevated temperatures are often subjected to multiaxial loading conditions that drive the deformation and rupture mechanisms in a manner that is different from uniaxial loads. Multiaxial conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Regime 3 Longitudinal and Thermal Loading Transverse Loading Longitudinal and Thermal Loading Transverse Loading Multiaxial Loading Although the primary effects of particles are their modulus and volume fraction, their shape has influence on the modulus of the composite. The effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... can be addressed by weight functions ( Ref 26 ) and will likely be coded soon. Several finite-element- or boundary-element-based tools exist that can be used to compute the K 's and predict the shape of cracks in complex geometric structures subject to complex, multiaxial loading. In the early 2000's...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., therefore, mechanics-based design equations can often be used to predict the approximate behavior of the material under complex stresses from the measurements of mechanical behavior under uniaxial tension or compression. There are, however, many applications when testing under multiaxial loads is useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... – 515 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1979.tb19117.x 24. Stout M.G. and Petrovic J.J. , Multiaxial Loading Fracture of Al 2 O 3 Tubes: I, Experiments , J. Am. Ceram. Soc. , Vol 67 ( No. 1 ), Jan 1984 , p 14 – 18 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1984.tb19138.x 25. Petrovic J.J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... IN 100 , Int. J. Plasticity , Vol 24 , 2008 , p 1694 – 1730 43. Fatemi A. and Socie D.F. , Critical Plane Approach to Multiaxial Fatigue Damage Including Out-of-Phase Loading , Fatigue Fract Engng Mater Struct. , Vol 11 , No. 3 , 1988 , p. 149 – 165 44. Fatemi...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... , of 0.6 and with a temperature gradient of 50 °C (90 °F) under external heating Fig. 5 Multiaxial creep test results for a pressurized P91 tube with end load at 600 °C (1100 °F) under various ratios of hoop stress to axial stress and with constant initial von Mises stress Fig. 6 Hoop...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... or evaluate the remaining life of in-service equipment subject to cyclic loading. Historical Overview and Industry Failures Fatigue Fundamentals and Stress-Based Methods Evaluating Fatigue at Welded Locations Types of Fatigue and Damage Morphology Cyclic Plasticity, Multiaxiality, and the Neuber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...: Ref 10 . (b) Four-point bending specimens with a semielliptical edge crack. Source: Ref 11 Fig. 12 Shape and dimension of compact tension shear specimen. w , width; t , thickness; a , crack length. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 13 Position of loading device. (a) Mode I (α = 0°), (b...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...) limitation to local yielding, 2) neglecting mean stress relaxation, and 3) lack of applicability to multiaxial nonproportional loading cases. These areas and some related work are discussed to an extent in Ref 1 (pp 560–563, 600–601, and 644–645, respectively). Concerning mean stress relaxation, it should...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a description of the microscale models and mechanisms for deformation and fracture. Macroscale and microscale appearances of ductile and brittle fracture are discussed for various specimen geometries and loading conditions. The article reviews the general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for deformation and fracture. Next, the mechanisms of void nucleation and void coalescence are briefly described. Macroscale and microscale appearances of ductile and brittle fracture are then discussed for various specimen geometries (smooth cylindrical and prismatic) and loading conditions (e.g., tension...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and damage processes of Fig. 1 are combined into a single, phenomenological damage parameter. Furthermore, the structural composite produces a multiaxis stress state due to its anisotropy and multiaxis loading, whereas the S - N relationships are indicative of a simplified stress state, especially...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... / dN expressions, where conversions among units can be very confusing because of the mathematical relationships involved. Multiaxiality in this instance is reflected in complex loading modes (e.g., combinations of modes I, II, and III). In a very general sense, the cracks tend to extend in directions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., building up the load carrying laminate can begin. The sprayed, catalyzed liquid resin will wet the reinforcement fibers, which are simultaneously chopped in the same spray gun. These chopped fibers replace the CSM typically used in hand lay-up. Additional reinforcements such as WR or multiaxial fabrics can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... initiation under multiaxial loading can be quite complex. Usually, but not always, the crack initiates on the plane of maximum shear ( Ref 34 ). Figure 17 shows how the plane of crack initiation corresponds to the plane of maximum shear for several combinations of axial and torsional loading on a hollow...