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moist chlorine

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in liquid chlorine service Abstract Abstract This article discusses the corrosion of metals and nonmetals by dry chlorine, refrigerated liquid chlorine, dry gaseous chlorine, moist chlorine, selected mixed gases with chlorine, and chlorine-water. It also provides information on the handling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Chlorine, dry (a) 100 212 Slight >0.05 2 Chlorine, moist or in solution 100 212 <0.05 2 Saturated chlorine in water Room <0.05 2 Bromine, dry (a) Room <0.05 2 Bromine, in methanol Room >0.05, <0.5 2.20 Bromine, in glacial acetic acid 50 120 <0.05 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... a tight, adherent oxide film that makes it resistant to many oxidizing reagents, including HNO 3 and chromic acid (H 2 CrO 4 ). Titanium is attacked by reducing acids such as H 2 SO 4 and H 3 PO 4 . It is useful in moist chlorine gas...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... dioxide, dry E E E E E E E E E Carbon dioxide, moist (a) (e) E E E E E E E E E Carbon tetrachloride, dry E E E E E E E E E Carbon tetrachloride, moist G G F G E E E E E Castor oil E E E E E E E E E Chlorine, dry (f) E E E E E E E E E...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... Environments to be avoided include nitric acid (HNO 3 ); some metallic salts, such as ferric chloride (FeCl 3 ) and chromic acid (H 2 CrO 4 ); moist, chlorinated hydrocarbons; and moist HN 3 . Aeration can result in accelerated corrosion in many media that appear to be compatible. Exposure under high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., concentrated sulfuric acid, and moist chlorine gas (see the article “Corrosion of Zirconium and Hafnium” in Corrosion, Volume 13 of ASM Handbook, formerly 9th Edition Metals Handbook ). Zirconium Industrial Alloys Mechanical Properties Zirconium sponge, recycled material from processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... absorbers Recovery of by-product HCl Benzyl chloride Chlorination of toluene Chemical HCl absorbers Recovery of by-product HCl Bromine, crude Steam and bromine condensation Chemical Condensers … Bromine, pure Purification from chlorine and organics Chemical Boilers, condensers, complete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001068
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Carbon dioxide, moist (b) B B B C B C C C C A C A A B Carbon tetrachloride, dry A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Carbon tetrachloride, moist B B B B B B B B B B B A A A Chlorine, dry A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Chlorine, moist C C B B B...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... pools, a chloride-rich environment may also develop unintentionally, such as when chlorides leach from some wet or moist insulation material. Process piping and vessels are insulated to minimize temperature variations, improve energy efficiency, and for protection of personnel. Because of the high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 22. Birkbeck J.C. , Kuehler N.L. , Williams D.L. , and Moddeman W.E. , X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Examinations of Beryllium Metal Surfaces Exposed to Chlorinated Solvents , Surf. Interface Anal. , Vol 27 ( No. 4 ), April 1999 , p 273 – 282 10.1002/(SICI)1096...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in overheating of the motor and the wires if not properly fused. Windlasses depend on lubrication for protection from physical wear and corrosion. If left unused for long periods of time, these lubricants drain off metal surfaces, exposing them to the moist internal atmospheres created by condensation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The bond pads, when exposed to the moist air, are susceptible to corrosion, as it is known via auger analysis that traces of fluorine are usually present. Corrosion products are the mixture of aluminum oxides and aluminum oxyfluoride salts. Bonding with these corroded pads would encounter “nonstick...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., chlorine, phosphorus, moisture, and other impurities in the exhaust fumes from large printing presses. The stainless steel screen held activated charcoal to recover the toluene (solvent for printing ink). The screen failed prematurely within one year following installation. The screen was used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and workability deteriorate. X X 2 Mineral plus oiliness agent plus extreme pressure additive Chlorinated paraffin, chlorinated fatty oil, sulfurized oil, organic zinc phosphate Drawing of steel and stainless steel Deep drawing of copper and aluminum Can be considered for optimal additive in deep drawing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Coatings by Sulfurous Acid/Sulfur-Dioxide Vapor,” B 799, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , American Society for Testing of Materials , 2000 13. “Standard Practice for Conducting Moist SO 2 Tests,” G 87, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , American Society for Testing of Materials , 1998 14...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Moist chlorine gas 288 550 Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V 10% HCl 240–400 465–750 Ti-5Al-2.5Sn, Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V LiCl, KBr, and Na 2 SO 4 solution (0.6 M ) Room temperature Ti-6Al-4V, Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn Molten chloride/bromide salts 300–500 570–930 Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V Red-Fuming Nitric Acid Nitrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... and potassium hydroxides, is used in the laboratory for caustic fusions, and has also been considered for large equipment. However, silver creeps at the fusion temperatures of these hydroxides, and its use for large equipment would require supporting vessels. It is attacked by moist bromine, iodine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...Organic solvents found in common coatings systems Table 1 Organic solvents found in common coatings systems Solvent Coatings Aliphatic hydrocarbons Alkyds (medium and long oil) Alkyd traffic paints Aromatic hydrocarbons (primary) Alkyds (long and short oil) Chlorinated rubbers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... of molten aluminum generally entails two steps: refining and filtration. Refining is accomplished by injection of either flux or refining gas. The refining gas is argon, often with a small amount (<5%) of added chlorine. The added chlorine is helpful in removing inclusions; it also improves removal...