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modulus-density chart

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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 10 A chart of Young's modulus, E , plotted against density, ρ. Solid materials are plotted at their ( E , ρ) point; shaping them by a factor ϕ moves them to the point ( E /ϕ, ρ/ϕ). All the previous selection strategies still apply. The diagonal line shows M ; the horizontal lines shows More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... expansion-modulus, and normalized strength-thermal expansion charts. The article examines the use of material property charts in presenting information in a compact and easily accessible manner. fracture toughness-density chart fracture toughness-modulus chart fracture toughness-strength chart loss...
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 1 The idea of a Materials Property Chart: Young's modulus, E , is plotted against the density, ρ, on log scales. Each class of material occupies a characteristic part of the chart. The log scales allow the longitudinal elastic wave velocity v = ( E /ρ) 1/2 to be plotted as a set More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... modulus and density are typical values. The alloy has up to 10% higher ultimate strength and up to 19% higher yield strength than alloy 7050-T7451 with good stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) resistance and excellent exfoliation resistance. Mechanical properties (A-Basis) for aluminum alloy 7097-T7651...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... cost/kg; E = Young's modulus; ρ = density; ρ e = electrical resistivity; σ y = yield strength; σ e = endurance limit Applying the Indices and Limits: Property Charts The selection is made by creating materials property charts, onto which performance indices are plotted to give a sequence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... divided by the density of the material. Specific modulus and specific strength are commonly expressed in units of length, for example, 10 6 meter (Mm). (Units of modulus or strength over density are also used. In SI units, this is Mpa · m 3 /Mg. See the article “Material Property Charts” in Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... (27) 29 (26) 27 (25) 39 (35) 33 (30) 30 (27) SCC (ASTM G47) min, MPa (ksi) S-T … 170 (25) 170 (25) … 240 (35) 240 (35) EXCO (ASTM G34) Better or equal EB Better or equal to EA Density, g/cm 3 (lb/in. 3 ) 2.85 (0.103) Young’s modulus, GPa (× 10 6 psi) L 70.3 (10.2...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... arrived at through modulus calculations must be verified against riser volume charts such as that given in Table 2 . Computerized Methods Over the past 15 years, a virtual revolution has taken place regarding computerized modeling methods. Programs can be grouped into two very general categories...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... modulus and damping are interrelated, both are considered. The vibration properties of concern are the damping and the dynamic modulus, which are defined in Fig. 1 . When subjected to a stress cycle, all materials show a nonsingular relationship between stress and strain. The modulus is given...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... for manufacturing; DFA, design for assembly. Source: Ref 1 At the concept level of design, essentially all materials and processes are considered rather broadly. The materials selection methodology and charts developed by Ashby ( Ref 2 ) are highly appropriate at this stage (see the articles “Material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...) in an inert atmosphere. Particle size and organic binder content influence powder properties such as bulk density and flowability. Tap density according to ASTM B527, “Standard Test Method for Determination of Tap Density of Metal Powders and Compounds,” ( Ref 1 ) quantifies the bulk density of a powder...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... 0.71 1.24 Silicon 0.17 0.30 Polystyrene (PS) 0.64 1.12 ABS 0.16 0.28 Zinc (ingot) 0.64 1.12 Mild steel (ingot) 0.14 0.25 High-density polyethylene (HDPE) 0.62 1.09 Amino resin thermoset 0.13 0.23 Polypropylene (PP) 0.57 1.00 Cast iron 0.11 0.19 Natural rubber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., where ρ is the density of the material. In such cases, the weight of a member of a given stiffness can be easily shown to be proportional to ρ/ E and can be reduced by selecting a material with lower density or higher elastic modulus. When the component is subjected to bending, the dependence...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... ceramic materials Material Density, g/cm 3 Melting point Maximum service temperature Thermal conductivity, W/m · K Coefficient of linear thermal expansion, from 25 to 800 °C (77 to 1470 °F), 10 −6 /°C Specific heat (mean) at 25 to 1000 °C (77 to 1830 °F), J/kg · °C Hardness, Mohs scale °C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Crystal structure Theoretical density, g/cm 3 Knoop or Vickers hardness Transverse rupture strength Fracture toughness Young's modulus Poisson's ratio Thermal expansion, 10 −6 /K Thermal conductivity, W/m · K GPa 10 6 psi MPa ksi MPa m ksi in. GPa 10 6 psi Glass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... ceramics Table 2 Properties of various alumina ceramics Alumina content, % Bulk density, g/cm 3 Flexure strength, MPa (ksi) Fracture toughness, MPa m (ksi in. ) Hardness, GPa (10 6 psi) Elastic modulus, GPa (10 6 psi) Thermal conductivity, W/m · K (Btu/ft · h · °F...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... grades Material Specific gravity Tensile strength Elongation, % Modulus of elasticity Izod impact strength (notched) MPa ksi MPa ksi J/cm ft · lbf/in. Acetal copolymer 1.41 61 8.8 40–75 2830 410 0.64–0.85 1.2–1.6 Acetal homopolymer 1.42 69 10 25–50 3585 520 0.75...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... in Table 4 . Sonic methods also offer an alternative and more accurate measurement of elastic properties, because the velocity of an extensional sound wave (i.e., longitudinal wave speed, V L ) is directly related to the square root of the ratio of elastic modulus and density as follows: (Eq 8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Table 3 Mechanical properties of standardized powder metallurgy copper and copper alloys Material designation code (a) Minimum yield strength Typical values Ultimate tensile strength 0.2% yield strength Elongation in 25 mm (1 in.), % Young's modulus Transverse rupture strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...- and water-atomized laser-powder bed fusion (LPBF) parts at various energy densities. The results from the study showed the strong dependence of densification, mechanical properties, and microstructures on temperature, pressure, and time during the HIP cycle. The density, ultimate tensile strength, hardness...