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mine shafts

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the corrosion of principal parts of mining equipment such as mine shafts, wire rope, rock bolts, and pump and piping systems. It discusses the diagnosis and prevention of various types of corrosion including uniform corrosion, pitting corrosion, crevice...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... towers/tubes providing reduced gravity for approximately 4.5 s at 10 −4 g . In the United States, much deeper drop shafts were built at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio (150 m, or 500 ft), and in Japan at the Kamisunagawa mine shaft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... screws for wet sand  Dry, as against plows or earthmoving devices operating in dry soil Impact of loose abrasive (erosion):  Wet, as against impellers in slurry pumps  Dry, as in sandblasting Metal against metal Sliding:  Lubricated, such as engine crosshead or shaft in a bearing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., electrical conductors, welding equipment C18200, C18400, C18500 (chromium-copper) Excellent cold workability, good hot workability. Uses: resistance welding electrodes, seam welding wheels, switch gear, electrode holder jaws, cable connectors, current-carrying arms and shafts, circuit breaker parts...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and equipment of major types of metallurgical processes, including pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical, and electrometallurgical processes. References References 1. SME Mining Engineering Handbook , Hartman H.L. , Ed., Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration, Inc., Port City Press...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... processed before use. Treatment of coals has been a common practice for many years; for example, many of the coals as mined may contain unacceptably large fractions of mineral species, and this may be reduced at the minehead before shipping to the customer, or at the customer's site before use. In other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003481
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... , and Bunney A. , “Hull Construction of MCMVs in the United Kingdom,” Paper 13, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Mine Warfare Vessels and Systems, Royal Institution of Naval Architects ( London ), 12–15 June 1984 15. Goubalt P. and Mayes S. , Comparative Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... , http://www.industrialheating.com/articles/90545-gear-materials-and-their-heat-treatment (accessed July 12 , 2013 ) 4. Rudnev V. et al. , Induction Heat Treatment of Crank Shafts, Cam Shafts, and Axle Shafts , Handbook of Induction Heating , Marcel Dekker , New York , 2003 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... treated to a hardness of 273 HB. Two fatigue zones are evident, at lower left and at upper right; the remainder of the fracture surface is the zone of final fast fracture. 5× Fig. 342 Fatigue fracture in an AISI 4140 steel tail-rotor drive-pinion shaft of a helicopter, heat treated to a hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Drilling Chain Ditchers and Ditching Saws Tunnel and Shaft Boring Forestry Tools Rotary Drilling Roto-Percussive Drilling Flat-Seam Underground Mining Underground Mining of Metallic Ores Open Pit Mining Coal Mining Tools Potash and Trona Mining Tools Oil and Gas Drilling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... by surface damage based on electro-chemical attack. The basic mechanism of turbo machines such as a centrifugal pump is a change in momentum, so that high rotational speed of the shaft with turbines is essential ( Ref 66 ). The turbo pumps include centrifugal pumps, axial-flow pumps, and mixed flow pumps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Summaries , U.S. Bureau of Mines, 1989 , p 76 – 77 2. Minerals Yearbook-Bismuth , U.S. Bureau of Mines , 1988 , p 1 – 5 Selected References Selected References • Carapella S.C. and Howe H.E. , Bismuth and Bismuth Alloys , in Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology , Vol 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., splines, couplings, clutches, spindles, and seals; in press fits on shafts; and in universal joints, base plates, shackles, and orthopedic implants. Generally, fretting occurs at contacting surfaces that are intended to be fixed in relation to each other but that actually undergo minute alternating...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and paper, mining, and power generation pump applications. These are often larger-diameter rings for larger shafts. The seal materials are usually Al 2 O 3 , SiC, and tungsten carbide (WC). The Al 2 O 3 compositions are normally 99.5% or purer. The SiC materials are either reaction bonded or direct...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... are used for aerospace applications. The article addresses design considerations as well as product forms and fabrication processes. References References 1. Ahmad I. and Noton B.R. , Ed., Advanced Fibers and Composites for Elevated Temperatures , American Institute of Mining...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Index Material Wear rate, g/h Wear factor Friction coefficient Test material Steel shaft Test material Steel shaft 1 PDI, grade 100-70-03 0.2940 0.1000 1.0 1.0 0.472 2 DI (4% Si) 0.2890 0.0820 0.98 0.82 0.478 3 DI (4.7% Si) 0.2560 0.0460 0.87 0.76 0.497 4 DI (4...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Index Material Wear rate, g/h Wear factor Friction coefficient Test material Steel shaft Test material Steel shaft 1 PDI, grade 100-70-03 0.2940 0.1000 1.0 1.0 0.472 2 DI (4% Si) 0.2890 0.0820 0.98 0.82 0.478 3 DI (4.7% Si) 0.2560 0.0460 0.87 0.76 0.497 4 DI (4...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of sample-solvent interaction and interactions between sample molecules. Water was discovered occluded in the wall of a mine shaft excavated into a geological salt formation. Two 3-mL samples were collected. Ion chromatography was used to determine the bromide and sulfate concentrations in the samples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Smelting Applications , Proceedings of the International Symposium on Advances in Refractories for the Metallurgical Industries (Winnipeg, Canada), Vol 4 , Rigaud M. , Ed., Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Pergamon Press , 1987 , p 195 – 214 28...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... spraying Protection of excavator shovels for mining brown coal 5 Ni + WC HVOF spraying, electric arc spraying, brazing, deposition welding (PTAW, FCAW) Protection of surfaces against strong abrasion 6 Ni + Cr 3 C 2 … … NiCrAlY HVOF, APS, VPS High-temperature corrosion resistance, gas...