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microsegregation kinetics

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... parameters that control microsegregation are discussed in relation to the manifestations of microsegregation in simple and then increasingly complex alloy systems. The measurement and kinetics of microsegregation are discussed for the binary isomorphous systems: titanium-molybdenum; binary eutectic systems...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... phase, and the formation of noncrystalline phases. It considers three factors to understand the fundamentals of these changes: heat flow, thermodynamic constraints/conditions at the liquid-solid interfaces, and diffusional kinetics/microsegregation. These factors are described in detail. casting...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... distribution during subsequent aging. The article provides a schematic illustration of an energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscope (EDS) scattered data of solute distributions across a dendrite due to microsegregation of chromium and molybdenum. It concludes with information on the computational modeling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... calculation with kinetic and microstructural evolution models greatly enhances the power of the CALPHAD approach in materials design and processing development. It also discusses the limitations of the CALPHAD approach. CALPHAD approach industrial applications microstructural evolution models phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... treatment cycles microstructure THE TRANSFORMATION OF AUSTENITE upon cooling in steels is well documented. Isothermal (time-temperature transformation) and continuous cooling transformation diagrams (CCT) are used to represent the kinetics of transformation under different thermal cycles. General...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... , 15 ) because of its profound thermodynamic basis. Although only small portions of the grain structure can be computed, the PF method offers the possibility of simulating directly the development of the solid/liquid interface, including its kinetics, pattern formation, and microsegregation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the possibility of simulating directly the development of the solid/liquid interface, including its kinetics, pattern formation, and microsegregation with a limited number of approximations. While this article focuses on a presentation of the CA and PF methods that represent the state of the art for modeling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...) temperature occurs. The article details five types of solidification undercooling, namely, kinetic, thermal, constitutional (solutal), curvature, and pressure undercooling. It explains the types of nucleation which occur in the melt during solidification. The effects of local instabilities at the solid/liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... effect shown in Eq 1 and 2 . The Eutectoid Austenite Decomposition In usual cooling conditions, the transformation is expected to proceed away from equilibrium because of nucleation and growth kinetics. Accordingly, a common cast iron matrix structure consists of ferrite and pearlite...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... up to macroscopic casting size and from nanoseconds for interface attachment kinetics to hours for casting solidification. The article describes how to determine which phenomena are most important at the particular length and time scale for the problem. It concludes with several examples...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... to form the bulk of the matrix. The solidification microstructure of the matrix is refined and modified due to the presence of fibers and/or particles, providing a possible means of controlling solute microsegregation within the microstructure, macrosegregation of reinforcements in the casting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... kinetics model based on marginal stability theory ( Ref 45 ) and a local heat balance, the evolution of the grain envelope, and its internal fraction of solid can be calculated as a function of the local variation of enthalpy. Associated with an appropriate nucleation law, the model can predict realistic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... example problems that illustrate how the hierarchy of time and length scales associated with transport leads to the important features of cast microstructures. It includes equations for estimating microsegregation in cast alloys. solidification microstructure microsegregation cast alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... include the dendrite growth models and the cooperative eutectic growth models. The article provides some solutions using numerical models to simulate the kinetics of microstructure formation in cast iron. It concludes with a discussion on cellular automaton (CA) technique that can handle complex topology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the concepts involved in heat-transfer modeling, thermomechanical modeling, and microsegregation modeling of hot tearing. It discusses the modeling of solidification defects, namely, inclusion entrapment, segregation, shrinkage cavities, gas porosity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... The article describes various undercooling methods, including kinetic undercooling, thermal undercooling, constitutional undercooling, and pressure undercooling. For solidification to occur, nuclei must form in the liquid. The article discusses the various types of nucleation: homogeneous nucleation...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... solidification behavior requires knowledge of the temperature dependence of the partition coefficients and liquidus slopes and a kinetic analysis of microsegregation and back diffusion at each temperature. The solidification of a binary alloy is schematically shown in Fig. 4 (the sketches...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... to control the columnar and equiaxed microstructures. The formation of cellular and dendritic structures in one- and two-phase structures is presented with emphasis on the effect of processing conditions and composition on the selection of microstructure and microstructure scales. microsegregation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
.... , Dong H. , Wen S. , Marsden J. , Rack A. , and Cocks A. , Initiation and Growth Kinetics of Solidification Cracking during Welding of Steel , Sci. Rep. , Vol 7 , 2017 , p 40255 10.1038/srep40255 71. Liu Y. , Yang Y. , Mai S. , Wang D. , and Song...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... solidified and everywhere the composition is C o . This treatment is strictly an equilibrium thermodynamic treatment and gives no consideration to the kinetics of the problem. From a kinetics standpoint, the situation is rather bleak. In many cases (such as in large castings), the local solidification time...