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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... influenced corrosion sulfate-reducing bacteria risk assessment microbiological activity MICROBIOLOGICAL CORROSION, more accurately termed microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC), is not fundamentally different from other types of aqueous electrochemical corrosion; it is simply that the chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in an anaerobic corrosion cell can support the growth and activity of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) away from the metal surface. Use of molecular hydrogen was traditionally accepted as the mechanism for microbiologically influenced corrosion. This mechanism was widely accepted and routinely appeared...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... intergranular pitting of 304L stainless steel condenser tubes in a geothermal electrical power plant operating at >100 °C (> 210 °F) has been reported ( Ref 16 ). In another example, microbiological activity and chloride concentrated under scale deposits were blamed for the wormhole pitting of carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Corrosion resulting from the presence and activities of microbes on metals and metal alloys is generally referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). This article describes the biofilm formation and structure and microbial processes influencing corrosion. It also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... most often reported as being affected by microbiological corrosion are listed, along with the organisms usually implicated in the attack. The article explains that the influence of organisms can be addressed successfully for a corrosion control program by using four types of evidence: metallurgical...
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 2 Molecular hydrogen, H 2 , released from the cathodic surface in an anaerobic corrosion cell can support the growth and activity of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) away from the metal surface. Use of molecular hydrogen was traditionally accepted as the mechanism for microbiologically More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... hydrocarbon fuels immersion MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC) designates corrosion due to the presence and activities of microorganisms. Microorganisms can accelerate rates of partial reactions in corrosion processes and/or shift the mechanism for corrosion ( Ref 1 ). Most laboratory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... as a form of quality control of the product that corrosionists present to their clients. On the other hand, active members of the corrosion community will always push the envelope to develop new corrosion testing techniques and ways of interpreting corrosion data. The challenge is to create and achieve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of a sensor ( Ref 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 ) developed to monitor localized corrosion due to microbiological activity. Fig. 7 Electrochemical biofilm activity monitoring probe. Probe is cylindrical, 38.1 mm (1.500 in.) in diameter, and 57.15 mm (2.250 in.) high. SS, stainless steel; NPT, American...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., moisture content, total acidity or alkalinity (pH), redox potentials, microbiological activity, and concentration of oxygen play important roles in determining whether metal corrosion is a serious problem in soils ( Table 1 ). Other, secondary factors are also important but are more difficult to define...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... activity CW cold work g gas; gram d density; used in mathematical expressions A ampere G Gibbs energy involving a derivative (denotes rate of A area gal gallon change) Aa anodic area D diffusion coef cient GNP gross national product da/dN crack growth rate per cycle AA c cathodic area da/dt crack growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.9781627081832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... length; chemical activity, crystal CFC corrosion-fatigue cracking f ow rate lattice along a axis cm centimeter F farad; uorine CP commercially pure F Faraday constant A ampere cpm cycles per minute FAA Federal Aviation Administration (U.S.) A area CPT critical pitting temperature FACT Ford anodized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... address ABRACO (Brazilian Corrosion Association) www.abraco.org.br American Ceramic Society www.acers.org/ American Society for Microbiology www.asmusa.org/ AWWA (American Water Works Association) www.awwa.org/ AISI (American Iron and Steel Institute) www.steel.org/ ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and fungicides in controlling microbial growth in cooling water by using water collected from operational cooling water systems. Additional information can be found in the articles “Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion” and “Evaluating Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion” in this Volume. G 52...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... are susceptible to the effects of weather. These weather factors that contribute to degradation of plastics include heat and temperature variations, humidity and moisture variations, solar radiation, oxygen, microbiologic attack, and other environmental elements. The results of exposing plastics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... liquefied natural gas log common logarithm (base 10) m meter mA milliampere MC metal carbide MeV megaelectronvolt M f temperature at which martensite formation finishes during cooling mg milligram Mg megagram (metric tonne, or kg × 10 3 ) MIC microbiologically influenced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.9781627081849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...ASM Handbook, Volume 13C: Corrosion: Environments and Industries Copyright © 2006 ASM International ® S.D. Cramer, B.S. Covino, Jr., editors, p1101-1104 All rights reserved. DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004225 www.asminternational.org Abbreviations and Symbols a crack length; chemical activity bct...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... electrode (metal) potential value. (Complete metal electrode potential values can be found in Tables of Standard Electrode Potentials , G. Milazzo and S. Caroli, Ed., Wiley-Interscience, 1977.). (a) NHE, normal hydrogen electrode = SHE, standard hydrogen electrode with hydrogen ions at unity activity...