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microbial biofilms

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., microbiological, chemical, and electrochemical. It provides information on the microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of irons and steels, passive alloys (austenitic stainless steels), aluminum alloys, copper alloys, and composites. The article reviews the formation of microbial biofilms and macrofouling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract Corrosion resulting from the presence and activities of microbes on metals and metal alloys is generally referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). This article describes the biofilm formation and structure and microbial processes influencing corrosion. It also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... induced localized penetration of materials can occur due to a combination of microbially mediated electrochemical reactions, local generation of deleterious species, and geometrical restrictions produced by the biofilm. Through-wall penetration of piping and heat exchanger tubing at rates 10 to 1000 times...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... species that are produced and consumed by microorganisms have been reviewed ( Ref 35 ), and as-yet poorly described microbially produced phosphorus compounds in MIC have been implicated ( Ref 11 ). It has been suggested that hydrogen peroxide produced in biofilms plays a role in the crevice corrosion of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... due to deposition of manganese oxides on the metal surface by a monospecies biofilm of Leptothrix discophora . A lower level of ennoblement was observed under a thicker biofilm (>200 μm versus 120 μm) generated by L. discophora in a mixed-microbial community. This correlated with lower average...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... atmospheric factors, climatic conditions, and air-chemical pollutants that determine the corrosiveness of the atmosphere and contribute to the metal corrosion process are discussed. The article reviews the phenomenon of precipitation runoff on the corroded metal surface and the corrosive microbial effect on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... decrease with depth ( Ref 27 ). Microbial biofilms develop on all surfaces in contact with aqueous environments ( Ref 28 ). Chemical and electrochemical characteristics of the substratum influence biofilm formation rate and cell distribution during the first hours of exposure. Electrolyte concentration, pH...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... materials commonly called slime. Formation of biofilms can also change the pH at the metal surface ( Ref 36 , 37 , 38 ). Moreover, the development of a microbial biofilm, an example of which is shown in Fig. 31 , results in a heterogeneous distribution of microorganisms both parallel and perpendicular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... engineer's viewpoint are that they are small, ubiquitous, potentially very rapid growing, and subject to certain common restraints, such as temperature, pH, and nutrient availability. A problem exists only when conditions become favorable for a specific microbial population to explode, giving rise to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... , Chapman and Hall , 1993 Microbiological degradation • Gu J.-D. et al. , “Microorganisms and Microbial Biofilms in the Degradation of Polymeric Materials,” Paper 3570, Corrosion 2003 , NACE International • Stranger-Johannessen M. , Microbial Deterioration of Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Callow M.E. , Biofilms , Antifouling Compounds. Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology, Sub-Series Marine Molecular Biotechnology , Fusetani N. and Clare A.S. , Ed., Springer-Verlag , Berlin, Heidelberg , 2006 10. Townsin R.L. , “Workshop—Calculating the Cost of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... biological activity) flows to the secondary settling tanks or clarifiers. Here, gravity separation of the suspended solids (already present in the wastewater) and the treated wastewater occurs. The RAS is then recycled to the aeration stage (tank or reactor) to maintain the concentration of microbial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... , Corrosion , Vol 44 , 1988 , p 856 10.5006/1.3584957 15. Geesey G.G. , Beech I. , Bremer P.J. , Webster B.J. , and Wells D.B. , Biocorrosion , Biofilms II: Process Analysis and Applications , Bryers J.D. , Ed., Wiley , 2000 , p 281 16. Mansfeld F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Monitoring of Steel Influenced by Microbial Activity (SRB) in Simulated Seawater Injection Environments,” Paper 04579, Corrosion 2004 , NACE International, March 2004 Carbon dioxide (CO 2 )-based corrosion has been one of the most active areas of research in the domain of corrosion, with several...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Minimizing biofouling on the cooling water side of a condenser will reduce corrosion ( Ref 24 , Ref 25 , Ref 26 ). In some instances, microbial activity does nothing more than create localized geometric conditions, for example, a crevice beneath a microbial growth, that stimulate crevice corrosion. In...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... exception of cases where microbial activity is involved. Likewise, true general corrosion, where there is uniform metal loss, such as observed with carbon steel in a concentrated acid, is not commonly found on underground pipelines. The most common morphology of corrosion on underground pipelines is uneven...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2