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microalloyed steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Effects of selected elements on the properties of microalloying steels Table 1 Effects of selected elements on the properties of microalloying steels Element Precipitation strengthening Ferrite grain refinement Nitrogen fixing Structure modification Vanadium Strong Weak Strong...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005994
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
...Types and categories of direct heat treatment of microalloyed steels Table 1 Types and categories of direct heat treatment of microalloyed steels Process type Grade Steel type Typical process Application Forge quench and direct control cooling Conventional processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...: Ref 9 Fig. 9 Forging pressure versus temperature for three steels. Data are shown for reductions of 10 and 50%; strain rate was constant at 0.7 s −1 Source: Ref 10 Fig. 12 Controlled-rolling process for microalloyed steel bar. Source: Ref 17 Fig. 13 Temperature-time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
..., made to fine grain practice, and with microalloying elements such as niobium, vanadium, titanium, and zirconium in the composition Typical tensile properties of ferritic nickel steels at low temperatures Table 8 Typical tensile properties of ferritic nickel steels at low temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005884
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., superalloys, and copper alloys. aluminum alloys carbon steel copper alloys hot forging microalloyed steel stainless steel superalloys titanium alloys warm forming The warm and hot working of metals provides the ability to shape these important materials into component shapes that are useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...–4 1.2 0.047 100–200 4–8 1.6 0.062 >200 >8 3.2 0.125 Typical chemical compositions of microalloyed carbon steels Table 5 Typical chemical compositions of microalloyed carbon steels Base grade designation Chemical composition limits, % C Mn P S V 10V40...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003995
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... , and Kozasu L. , Trans. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn. , Vol 22 , 1982 , p 214 10.2355/isijinternational1966.22.214 12. Gladman T. , The Physical Metallurgy of Microalloyed Steels , The Institute of Metals , London , U.K. , 1997 13. Pickering F.B. , Physical Metallurgy...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... geometries for steel Steel class Angle, degrees Point Chisel edge Helix Lip relief Low carbon 118 130 30 12 Medium carbon 130 120 30 6 High carbon and alloy 150 120 25 5 Effect of feed rate on the drillability of a microalloyed and an alloyed steel Table 5 Effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005885
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... Source: Ref 8 , 9 Material Condition Microalloying Residuals (Copper) in Steels The selection of forging temperatures for plain carbon and alloy steels is based on four major factors: carbon content, alloy composition, the temperature range for optimal plasticity (i.e., maximum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... 1989 Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 1.04 , Steel: Structural, Reinforcing, Pressure Vessel, Railway , ASTM , 1989 , p 494 , 523 6. Graville B.A. , Cold Cracking in Welds in HSLA Steels , Welding of HSLA (Microalloyed) Structural Steels , Proc. Int. Conf., American Society...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Microstructure of quenched and tempered low-alloy UNS G43400 steel showing a mixture of bainite (dark etching constituent) and martensite (lighter gray). 4% picral + 2% nital etch. Original magnification 500× Fig. 4 Microstructure of an as-rolled microalloyed steel plate showing equiaxed ferrite grains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... ] ⋅ [ 1 − exp ⁡ ( − 0.693 ( ε − ε c ε 0.5 − ε c ) n ) ] Vanadium-microalloyed steel (V-HSLA) ( Ref 27 ) AISI 4120 steel ( Ref 16 ) n = 1.46 n = 1.42 ε p = 1.20 ⋅ 10 − 3 ⋅ d 0 0.263 ⋅ ε ˙ 0.216 ⋅ exp...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... of a stainless steel weld. After Honeycombe and Gooch, reprinted from Ref 5 Fig. 11 Schematic illustration of austenite grain size in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of microalloyed steel with second-phase particles as a function of distance from the fusion line and associated thermal cycle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... 20. Bhadeshia H.K.D.H. , Bainite in Steels , 2nd ed. , IOM Communications , 2001 , p 9 21. Probst H.B. and Sinnott M.J. , Trans. AIME , Vol 203 , 1955 , p 215 22. Gladman T. , The Physical Metallurgy of Microalloyed Steels , The Institute of Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Yurioka N. , Suzuki H. , and Ohshita S. , Weld. J. , Vol 62 , 1983 , p 1475 – 1535 3. Grong O. and Akselsen O.M. , HAZ Toughness of Microalloyed Steels for Offshore , Met. Constr. , Sept 1986 , p 557 4. Easterlin K.E. , Introduction to the Physical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., higher or in line with the mechanical properties of microalloyed steels ( Ref 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 80 , 81 , 82 ). Fig. 16 Comparison of fatigue resistance of powder forged and wrought materials. Source: Ref 79 While the performance of machined laboratory test pieces follows...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005599
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... within a weld heat-affected zone (HAZ). Source: Ref 1 , 20 Fig. 8 Computed heat-affected zone grain-growth diagram for thick-plate welding of a niobium-microalloyed steel. Source: Ref 1 , 20 Fig. 7 Computed heat-affected zone grain-growth diagram for thick-plate welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Mater. , Vol 50 ( No. 4 ), 2002 , p 735 – 747 4. Humphreys F.J. and Hatherly M. , Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena , Pergamon , 1995 5. Gladman T. , The Physical Metallurgy of Microalloyed Steels , The Institute of Materials , London , 1997...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Axle Shaft Quality Cold-Shearing Quality Structural Quality Additional Qualities Microalloyed Steel Bars Grades Sizes Regular Quality Axle Shaft Quality Ball and Roller Bearing Quality and Bearing Quality Cold-Shearing Quality Cold-Working Quality Aircraft Quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... mechanism is microstructure related. In the case of cold cracking, recent crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) results show that the reduction in toughness of HSLA weldments is related to the CGHAZ and that cracks generally propagate along or near the fusion line. The CGHAZ of microalloyed steel welds...