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methane sulfonic acid plating solutions

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Time required to plate 2.54 μm (100 μin) of 80Sn-20Pb from high-speed methane sulfonic acid (MSA) solution Table 1 Time required to plate 2.54 μm (100 μin) of 80Sn-20Pb from high-speed methane sulfonic acid (MSA) solution Total metal content Time required at indicated current density...
Book Chapter

By George B. Rynne
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and applications of lead plating. electrolytes fluoborate baths fluosilicate baths lead anodes lead plating methane sulfonic acid baths stripping sulfamate baths LEAD has been deposited from a variety of electrolytes, including fluoborates, fluosilicates, sulfamates, and methane sulfonic acid...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... COPPER can be electrodeposited from numerous electrolytes. Cyanide and pyrophosphate alkalines, plus sulfate and fluoborate acid baths, are the primary electrolytes used in copper plating. HARD CHROMIUM PLATING is produced by electrodeposition from a solution containing chromic acid (CrO 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... methane sulfonic acid MSDS material safety data sheet mT millitesla mV millivolt MV megavolt MVVA metal vapor vacuum arc N newton N number of cycles; normal solution; normal force NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NBS...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... COPPER can be electrodeposited from numerous electrolytes. Cyanide and pyrophosphate alkalines, plus sulfate and fluoborate acid baths, are the primary electrolytes used in copper plating. Alkaline Cyanide Plating Baths Alkaline cyanide copper solutions are used to plate the initial deposits...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., with a surface finish that is the mirror image of the mold surface, and are generally ready for end use or further assembling with little or no postmold finishing. Molded parts can be used in a wide variety of environments, but contact with strong acids (aqueous solutions of 4.0 pH or less) should be avoided...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... of the solid solution. Molybdenum: The addition of molybdenum to nickel greatly enhances its nobility under active corrosion conditions. In particular, it provides high resistance to reducing chemicals, such as hydrochloric acid. In combination with chromium, it produces alloys that are extremely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... coloration of iron(III) thiocyanate complex 9. 7-iodo-8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid (ferron) Green or greenish-blue coloration in slightly acidic solutions; sensitivity: 0.5 μg Cobalt(III), Co 2+ 1. Ammonia solution In the absence of ammonium salts, small amounts of Co(OH)NO 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...; 7, tilting unit; 8, conveyor; 9, core. (a) Cycle starts. (b) Core-box closing, shooting. (c) Gas curing and washing. (d) Core-box opening, core removal Fig. 14 Vertically parted molding machine. (a) Mold cavity is filled. (b) Squeeze piston compacts the sand. (c) Swing plate opens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... extraction separations Table 1 Common solvent extraction separations Type of extractant Reagent Examples Cation exchangers Carboxylic acids, mono- or bi-alkylated phosphoric acids, sulfonic acid Acorga M5640 salicylaldoxime in kerosene selectively extracts Cu from sulfuric acid solutions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...) are needed. Characteristics of thermosetting resin families Table 2 Characteristics of thermosetting resin families Major thermosets Phenolic Unsaturated polyester Amino Epoxy General characteristics Chemical Excellent resistance to humidity, acids, and oils; not resistant...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., nonscratching brush Washing with organic solvents Use of an ultrasonic cleaning bath and appropriate solvents. The use of an ultrasonic cleaning bath is very useful in speeding up the cleaning process. Use of a mild acid or alkali, depending on the metal. A solution that attacks the deposits...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... picric acid containing sodium tridecylbenzene sulfonate (1 g per 100 mL solution) Fig. 33 Volume fraction of retained austenite in carbon steels fully austenitized and water quenched in water or brine at room temperature. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 34 Microstructure of Mar-M-247 heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... chloride (CaCl 2 ), calcium bromide (CaBr 2 ), and zinc bromide (ZnBr 2 ); various aqueous solutions including seawater or reinjected water separated from oil and gas production; alternating water, steam and/or CO 2 injected for secondary oil recovery; and strong inorganic and organic acids (e.g...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... applications are available. (e) Some plating processes may require additional cleaning dips. (f) Neutral emulsion or solvent should be used before manganese phosphating. (g) Reverse-current cleaning may be necessary to remove chips from parts having deep recesses. (h) For cyanide plating, acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... the metallic interconnects into the polymer membrane block the sulfonic acid sites and reduce the ionic conductivity of the membrane. Passivating oxides or oxyhydroxide layers formed on the surface of the metallic interconnects also increase the contact resistance between the bipolar plate and electrodes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.9781627081993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... are for refined metal in ingot form, and the costs of processed products (e.g., sheet, plate, extrusions, and forgings) are much higher. Every process and every heat treatment gives added value and increases the final materials cost. Also, in general, alloys cost more than unalloyed metals. For example, the cost...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... grade applications Environment Grades (a) Acids Hydrochloric acid Stainless is not generally recommended except when solutions are very dilute and at room temperature (pitting may occur). Mixed acids There is usually no appreciable attack on type 304 or 316 as long as sufficient...