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metallurgical discontinuities

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., when exposed to a corrosive environment under stress, is also reviewed. The final section of the article describes and shows fractographs that illustrate the influence of metallurgical discontinuities such as laps, seams, cold shuts, porosity, inclusions, segregation, and unfavorable grain flow...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the effect of using unsuitable alloys, metallurgical discontinuities, fabrication practices, and stress raisers on the failure of a pressure vessel. It provides information on pressure vessels made of composite materials and their welding practices. The article...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Eddy-current inspection is a nondestructive evaluation method based on the principles of electromagnetic induction. Eddy-current methods are used to identify or differentiate a wide variety of physical, structural, and metallurgical conditions in electrically conductive ferromagnetic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Eddy-current inspection is a nondestructive evaluation method based on the principles of electromagnetic induction. Eddy-current methods are used to identify or differentiate a wide variety of physical, structural, and metallurgical conditions in electrically conductive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of keeping the surface of the weld cool to avoid electrode sticking and metallurgical discontinuities on the weld surface. In addition, excessive weld time will also compromise electrode life, waste energy, and could even slow down the production rate of an entire manufacturing line. Thus in any case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... for making good welds. Good welds are nominally free of typical metallurgical discontinuities (for example, surface cracks, gross lack of fusion at the weld interface, or surface melting eruptions). Additional discussion on developing the optimal welding lobe (such as in Fig. 8 ) for different thicknesses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... ed. , American Welding Society , 1980 , p 311 – 335 Discontinuities may be divided into three broad classifications: design related, welding process related, and metallurgical. Design-related discontinuities include problems with design or structural details, choice of the wrong type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... related, welding process related, and metallurgical. Design-related discontinuities include problems with design or structural details, choice of the wrong type of weld joint for a given application, or undesirable changes in cross section. Process-related discontinuities include lack of fusion, lack...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Weld discontinuities (or imperfections) can be caused by various design, processing, or metallurgical factors. Joint design, edge preparation, fit-up, cleanness of base metal and filler metal, shielding, and welding technique all affect weld quality and must be carefully controlled to prevent porosity...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... penetration, and shrinkage cracks. Many welds have rough surfaces and may join the base metal with an undercut or reinforcement. If metallurgical discontinuities are minimal, if defects are eliminated, and if the external contour does not contain mechanical notches, the properties of a welded joint can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., and evaluate all quenching processes in common use, describing their heat extraction dynamics by corresponding thermodynamic functions. It discusses the metallurgical aspects of steels with an emphasis on two different processes, namely, heat extraction (a thermodynamic process) and microstructural...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... 330: Lack of fusion around chaplets, internal chills, and inserts C 331 (a) Local discontinuity in vicinity of metallic insert Chaplet or insert cold shut, unfused chaplet C 400: Discontinuities caused by metallurgical defects C 410: Separation along grain boundaries C...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: Discontinuities caused by metallurgical defects C 410: Separation along grain boundaries C 411 (a) Separation along grain boundaries of primary crystallization Conchoidal or “rock candy” fracture C 412 (a) Network of cracks over entire cross section Intergranular corrosion Defective...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the principles of such defect detection, providing details on the origin, generation, and assessment of leakage field data. In addition, it discusses the metallurgical and magnetic properties of magnetic materials and the applications of magnetic field testing. defect detection magnetic characterization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... interface at a temperature below the point where metallurgical discontinuities are formed near the weld surface. Radius...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... (4500 °F). These additions also are used to produce the desired chemistry. The amount of added alloy is very critical, because larger amounts will cool the reaction to temperatures below 2040 °C (3700 °F), at which point the slag/metal separation could be incomplete. Metallurgical structures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... an overview of the status of MMCs, and provides information on physical and mechanical properties, processing methods, distinctive features, and various types of continuously and discontinuously reinforced aluminum, magnesium, titanium, copper, superalloy, and intermetallic-matrix composites. It further...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract This article presents in-depth metallurgical information about the response of carbon and low-alloy steels to welding conditions and micro-structural evolution in the weld heat-affected zone. It discusses the fabrication weldability and service weldability of carbon and low-alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... In addition, it discusses the metallurgical and magnetic properties of magnetic materials and the applications of magnetic field testing. MAGNETIC FIELD TESTING includes some widely used nondestructive evaluation methods to inspect magnetic materials for defects such as cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as a crack-initiation site during fabrication or in service. Corrosion and wear damage can also be assisted by discontinuities, especially at the surface. These flaws may occur from the melting practices and solidification of ingot, the primary or secondary working of the material, or the metallurgical...