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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Visual examination, using the unaided eye or a low-power optical magnifier, is typically one of the first steps in a failure investigation. This article presents the guidelines for selecting samples for scanning electron microscope examination and optical metallography and for cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... microstructure light optical metallography light optical microscope References 1. Vander Voort G.F. , Ed., Metallography and Microstructures , Volume 9 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2004 2. Kehl G.L. , The Principles of Metallographic Laboratory Practice...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... fraction, number per unit area, intersections and intercepts per unit length, grain size, and inclusion content. quantitative metallography quantitative microstructural measurement grain size References 1. Saltykov S.A. , Introduction to Stereometric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... Control of the nodularity of graphite in ductile irons is critical to their performance. Details concerning the characterization of the graphite nodules are presented. Additional information on general procedures, effects of preparation on graphite retention, and color metallography also are addressed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... the general preparation of metallographic specimens and the methods of macroscopic and microscopic examination. Usually, gray-scale (black-and-white) metallography is sufficient for microstructural analysis of cast irons. The article discusses the use of color metallography of gray irons and ductile irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... and alloying method, and the microstructure, metallography is the only set of test methods capable of providing information on all three contributors. This is accomplished by the examination of properly selected and prepared specimens. Metallic specimens, both porous and pore-free, are opaque...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... a discussion on etching to reveal grain structure. The article also provides recommendations for metallographic examination of some standard coatings. abrasives cleaning deformation final polishing grinding manufacturing defects metallography polishing lubricants sectioning specimen mounting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.9781627081771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., grinding, and rough polishing. This occurs to some degree even in materials whose pores have been filled with plastic resins. Proper polishing should open the smeared pores, then reveal their true shapes and area fractions. Routine metallography of the type used on a medium-carbon, ingot-base steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... some examples of the microstructure and examination for zircaloy alloys, hafnium, zirconium, and bimetallic forms. chemical processing applications etching grinding hafnium hafnium alloys metallography microstructure mounting nuclear applications polishing sectioning specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., OH 2. “Standard Practice for Metallographic Sample Preparation of Cemented Tungsten Carbides,” B 665, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 02.05 , ASTM International , 2003 , p 395 – 396 3. Vander Voort G. , Metallography Principles and Practice , McGraw-Hill , 1984...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article is a compilation of definitions of terms related to metallography and microstructures. metallography microstructure Selected References • Bramfitt B. and Benscoter A. , Glossary , Metallographer's Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article is a compilation of abbreviations and symbols related to metallography and microstructures. metallography microstructure ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... arc welding fusion welding longitudinal section metallography microstructure solid-state transformation structures transverse section solidification structures weld bead morphology welding defects welded joints weldments FUSION WELDING is the joining of two or more pieces of material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... the gamma prime phase, gamma double prime phase, eta phase, laves phase, sigma phase, mu phase, and chi phase in wrought heat-resistant alloys. cobalt-base heat-resistant alloys ferrite grinding heat-resistant alloys iron-base heat-resistant alloys macroetching magnetic etching metallography...